Pharma Sector in India is caught in the debate over the enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) and access to affordable medicines. Affordable drugs are necessary and is a matter of great concern for the healthcare system. There is a need to refine the Drug policy in India in the light of growing concerns about patent filing in the pharma sector and access to cheap medicines.
Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights encourages companies to invest in research and development. Most companies invest in research and development so that they can reap profits from the product developed. Patenting the product or process ensures that others do not replicate the concerned product to gain a share of the potential profits. But the critics of enforcement of intellectual property rights in the pharma sector argue that patents encourage monopolies. The pharmaceutical companies who patent drugs can sell those drugs at quite high prices because of no competition involved in the marketing of the drug.
The incomplete understanding of intellectual property rights (IPRs) is the real issue that India’s drug industry is facing. Currently, only 5% of medicines used in India are said to be patent-protected. Breakthrough therapies are being developed in the world but why these therapies are not made available to India but are being introduced in other countries?
It is observed that the new drugs and therapies encounter delay in marketing approval in India despite their global launch. Moreover the new drugs that are launched in India are produced and sold as generic versions by Indian manufacturers within one year of their introduction. Generic medicines are the copies of brand name counterparts of drugs originally developed by other companies. The rapid appearance of generic versions of medicines and delays in marketing approval display a lack of faith in the patent regime.
Patents are important in innovative sectors like pharmaceutical industry as they provide incentives for companies to invest in those sectors. Investment in innovation, research and development is an essential component of supporting an innovative and enterprising economy.
In order to link medical innovation with affordable treatment a supportive role by the Government is required. The government should design a price-control mechanism without tampering the grant of patents. The government should deploy tools to reduce uncertainty in Intellectual Property Rights and to build an ecosystem that promotes medical innovation. We must achieve a balance between the current and future needs of patients and the timely introduction of existing and new pharmaceutical drugs.
Innovations in food technology sector goes in accordance with the consumer demand for healthy and safe food and while simultaneously improving the quality and shelf life of the food product. The food industry is at present interested in some of the novel food processing technologies that improves the quality of food but at a low cost. The major industries constituting the food processing sector are grain milling, sugar, edible oils, beverages, fruits & vegetables processing and dairy products.
India has a rich agriculture resource and was ranked No.1 in the world in 2013 in terms of production of Arecanut, Bananas, Castor oil seed, Chickpeas, Chillies & Peppers dry, Ginger, Lemons & limes, Mangoes, Mangosteens, guavas, Millet, Okra, Papayas, Pigeon peas, Meat- buffalo, Milk-whole fresh buffalo & goat, Ghee, butter oil of cow milk, Ghee of buffalo milk and sesame seed. India ranks second in the world in the production of Anise, fennel, coriander, beans-dry, cabbages and other brassicas, cauliflower & broccoli, Egg plants (aubergines), Garlic, Groundnuts with shell, Lentil, Onions dry, Peas green, Potatoes, Pumpkins, Squash and Gourds, Rice/Paddy, Safflower seed, Sugar cane, Tea, Tomatoes, Wheat, Meat-goat, Milk whole fresh cow. Further, India is at third position in the production of Cashew nuts, with shell, Coconuts, Lettuce and chicory, Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms, Pepper (piper spp.) and Rapeseed.
India’s strategic geographic location and its close vicinity to food-importing nations makes India favourable for the export of processed food products. A total of 127 agro-climatic zones have been identified in India. Moreover, 42 Mega Food Parks (MFP) are being setup in India with an investment of USD 2.38 billion. The parks have around 1250 developed plots with basic enabled infrastructure that entrepreneurs can take on lease for the setting up of food processing and ancillary units. With an extensive network of food processing training, academic and research institutes, the cost of skilled manpower is relatively low in India as compared to other countries.
In order to promote innovations in food processing sector, Central and state governments have instated attractive incentives like capital subsidies, tax rebates, depreciation benefits, and reduced custom and excise duties for processed food and machinery.
Food processing is recognised as a priority sector in the Make in India policy and is one of the major employment oriented segments in India. With the growing awareness and concern for health and wellness, consumers are experimenting with different cuisines, tastes and new brands paving the way for new investment opportunities in the food processing sector. The recent patents filed in the Food processing sector in India are:
Title: INTELLIGENT FOOD COOKING MACHINE
Assignee: WANG Aiqun
Publication Date: 17 Nov 2017
Disclosed is an intelligent food cooking machine comprising a rack (1) a bowl storage mechanism (2) a distributing and fetching mechanism (3) a pushing mechanism (4) a microwave heating mechanism (5) and a delivering and lifting mechanism (6). The intelligent food cooking machine is combined with a coin feed device and a change device; a bowl filled with food is taken out from the bowl storage mechanism (2) via the distributing and fetching mechanism (3); when the bowl is put in a lower stop position of the distributing and fetching mechanism (3) the pushing mechanism (4) pushes the bowl into the microwave heating mechanism (5) to perform heating treatment; after the food in the bowl is heated the pushing mechanism (4) re pushes the bowl onto the delivering and lifting mechanism (6) and the bowl is delivered to a bowl fetching window (14) via the delivering and lifting mechanism (6) so that a process of intelligently heating the food and selling the food is realized; and the intelligent food cooking machine is simple in structure and convenient to use.
Title: FOOD PREPARATION APPARATUS AND METHOD
Assignee: KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.
Publication Date: 17 Nov 2017
Disclosed is a food preparation apparatus (100) comprising a food preparation compartment (101); a dielectric sensor (120) in said food preparation compartment a data storage device (130) storing food seasoning data as a function of a dielectric constant of the food product said food seasoning data relating to a plurality of condiments to be added to the food product; and a processor arrangement (110) coupled to said dielectric sensor. The processor arrangement is adapted to determine a dielectric property of a food product in the food preparation compartment from sensor data provided by said dielectric sensor; retrieve food seasoning data for the food product corresponding to the determined dielectric property from the data storage device; and for each condiment of said plurality generate a seasoning instruction signal for adding an amount of said condiment of said plurality to the food product based on the retrieved food seasoning data until all condiments of said plurality have been added to the food product. A method of automatically generating seasoning instructions for adding a plurality of condiments to a food product during preparation of the food product is also disclosed.
Title: VISCOUS FOOD PRODUCT GRINDING AND DISPENSING SYSTEM
Assignee: Trade Fixtures, LLC
Publication Date: 21 Nov 2017
A viscous food product dispensing system having a transport section for receiving a particulate food product from a bin, an auger for processing and conveying the received particulate food product from the transport section into an outlet adapter via one or more flutes, a milling device housed in the outlet adapter, and a discharge nozzle in the outlet adapter that pinches off the viscous food product created by the milling device. The auger has a unique design that allows it to engage and break whole nuts.
Title: FOOD PRODUCTS AND PROCESSES FOR PREPARATION THEREOF\
Assignee: SHIRODKAR, Jyoti
Publication Date: 17 May 2017
The present disclosure relates to pre-mixed barley based compositions comprising barley, cereals, pulses, spices, dry fruits and flavoring agents. The ingredients are present in pre-determined proportion to each other. Various food products can be prepared from the pre mixed barley based compositions, which can be consumed by healthy individuals as well as individuals suffering from obesity, dyslipidemia, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and the like. The present disclosure also provides a process for preparing the pre-mixed barley based compositions.
Title: METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR AUTOMATIC END-TO-END PREPARATION AND MANAGEMENT OF FOOD
Assignee: Vishnu Gurusamy Sundaram
Publication Date: 27 April 2017
The embodiment herein provide a method and system for providing an integrated cooking machine, which automates the process of cooking completely and support connected operation in the cooking such as share recipes, order recipes and even support connecting with the ingredient supplier ecosystem for ordering the required items. Thereby eliminating several food processing machines and even to the extent of removing kitchen in a house. The system includes electro-mechanical components for performing the cooking operation, which is driven by electronic circuits fed by programs that make this operation happen. The programs are stored in the device or downloaded from the cloud platform, which authenticates these machines and provide the required information. The system also has intuitive interface on the device to create recipes. The system is also configured to measure the output parameters of the food.
6). 2774 / MUM / 2014
Title: AUTOMATIC FOOD COOKING MACHINE
Assignee: MAHAVIR BABULAL, Suthar [IN/IN]; (IN).
BABULAL DOLATRAM, Suthar [IN/IN]; (IN)
Publication Date: 3 March 2016
The present invention relates to automatic cooking machine, without any human interaction. In the present invention, full Indian dish including roti / paratha, sabji, dhal and rice is processed, cooked and served in dishes automatically. In the present invention, all vegetables are controlled by the microcontroller / PLC system. It is about multiple different recipes saved in program and customized. Food cooking machine is eco-friendly & eco-user. The present invention is self cleaning and sterilizing which is controlled by microcontroller / PLC and all media of communication.