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India: To Apply Or Not To Apply for a Patent of Addition?

The scope of improvement is infinite, precisely because perfection is unattainable”.

Often, after filing a patent for an invention, additional modifications and improvement of the invention surface. The improvements or modifications may take place as a result of further experimentation to improve the invention, or as a result of feedback received from the industry.  

In such a scenario, where the invention is already protected by a patent, the improvement or modification over the original patented product or process may be protected by a “Patent of Addition” in India.

“Patent of Addition” falls under Sections 54, 55 and 56 of the Patents Act, 1970. A patent of addition facilitates the addition of new subject matter in the form of modifications and improvements to an existing disclosure of the parent application, while retaining the priority date for claims based on the original disclosure by the patentee.

Filing a new patent application is another option, but the priority date of the new patent will be different from that of the previously filed application (or parent application). The claims of the patent of addition inherit the priority date of the parent application. As a result, claims in the patent of addition can have a priority date that is before the filing of the patent of addition.

However, the applicant must be the same for the parent patent application and the patent of addition. If the improvement or modification involves an additional applicant, a patent of addition may not be pursued.

A patent of addition effectively enables an applicant to make incremental improvements and add embodiments that might not justify their own patent applications without needing to file parallel applications. More specifically, the applicant need not pay a renewal fee for a patent of addition, thereby saving costs.

A patent of addition is a suitable and attractive option for applicants to add additional features onto previously filed patent applications, it may not always be the right tool for the job, it has its own disadvantages.

In contrast to the perception that the patent of addition inherits the priority date of a parent application, certain claims may have their own priority dates. Only the claims fully supported by the disclosure of the parent patent application are entitled to the priority date of the parent patent application.

A term of a patent is 20 years from the date of filing of patent application and the term of patent of addition is limited to its parent application’s term. For example, a patent of addition filed in 2017 that claims priority to a parent application filed in 2013 will expire in 2033, as opposed to 2037 if a new patent application was filed instead of patent of addition application. This reduced patent tenure might result in loss of significant revenue from products or methods that pertains to the new patent claims supported by the patent of addition.

Further, introduction of new claims in the patent of addition may leave the door open for an opponent to assert the invalidity of parent application if the disclosure in the parent application do not justify the additional claims. In situations where support for the new subject matter of the patent of addition is not clearly set out in the parent application, it may be advantageous to file a separate application to utilise the distinctiveness of the new claims, and to obtain the benefit of a full patent term.

Accordingly, a patent applicant must look at all the pros and cons before making a decision to apply for  a patent of addition.

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Patent Searching RESEARCH by Genius Geeks

Patent Search: Determine how prior art is similar or different?

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Patent filing requires “money”. Patents have filing fees, professional fees and maintenance fees over the life of the patent and a large amount of money is required for the defence of the patent. A Patent search is carried out inorder to ascertain that the patent generates enough financial gains to justify the cost associated with its filing and the time and expense of moving forward with a patent application is a worthwhile.

For inventors, searching prior-art in the form of patents filed and granted should be the first step in the patent application process. Patent search gives an opportunity to discover which aspects of your invention can be claimed and high quality patent searches can help inventors anticipate about the scope of any patent claim. Without a patent search an inventor will describe the various  aspects of an invention as if they are equally important which won’t be the case.  

A patent is lot more than just a document. Careful assessment of patents found in the search report is tedious but the inventors who really take the time to read the key patents found in the search know its importance in contributing to the decision about whether to move forward with the patent application and then ultimately to meaningfully contribute to the preparation of a patent application.

Unfortunately, a lot of inventors only give a hasty and not thorough review of the patents found, thereby missing a great opportunity to use the prior art found to figure out what is most likely unique and patentable. Inventors perhaps look at the titles, the pictures, maybe read the Abstract and get overwhelmed.

For this reason inventors frequently choose to hire a patent professional or patent attorney for carrying out patent search. The inventor has the detailed knowledge of the invention, and is in the best position to identify the similarity and differences of the invention with respect to the prior art and the patent professional is in the best position to determine whether those differences will likely contribute to patentability through a collaborative approach.

A detailed compiled disclosure of the invention forms the foundation of a strong patent application. Determining how the prior art is similar and how it is different is essential to being able to gather great detail of information that can be put together while writing a patent application and invariably leads to a far more detailed written description of the invention.

Many a times inventors carry out a patent search themselves before filing a patent application and during the patent examination an exact invention already patented is found. But this is why you do the search!!!!

Thus, It is better to spend a modest amount of money on patent search before filing a patent application to learn about the prior patents instead of spending a lot of money on patent application only to learn later that no patent could be obtained.

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Patent Information Professional Certification
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International Patent Research Workshop for Intrigued Genius Minds

International Patent Research Workshop for Intrigued Genius Minds

Take your intelligence to next level. Welcome to the world of understanding innovations happening in cutting edge technologies across the globe. Learn more about current technology trends that will shape up economic disruptions across the globe. Learn more about innovations happening in the field of Artificial Intelligence, Cognitive Computing, understand use of chatbots, virtual agents, virtual assistants, wearables – augmented and virtual reality, IoT, Blockchain and other state of the art technology.

Albert Einstein, Thomas Alva Edison and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart all were genius people in their lifetime.

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Now what set these people apart from the rest and made them achieve what they did?

It’s pretty simple really: they all simplified the existence of existing laws and the way of seeing life in different way.

 

Every human is eligible to attain that height of being genius. CHOICE is YOUR whether to BELIEVE in YOUR IDEAS and #makeithappen

Imperfection is beauty, madness is genius and it’s better to be absolutely ridiculous than absolutely boring. – Marilyn Monroe

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International Patent Research Workshop 

Venue: Aerocity, New Delhi

 

 

Demystifying Patent Research Basics

The patent research workshop will cover holistic view of the legal viewpoint

As to how to perform patentability search?

How to perform state of the art searches?

How to perform validity patent searches?

How to perform Infringement searches and freedom to operate searches?

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As a company it is important to understand the type of research which needs to be performed to identify the OPPORTUNITIES to create your own niche in the competitive market. For example, patentability search can be performed if any person or any innovator of a company has an idea or is doing a research.

WHEN to perform patentability search before filing a patent or after filing provisional patent application?

The company would like to know What is the SWOT analysis or in simple terms, identifying what are the different innovations or research which has already happened across the globe.

As a business owner knowing what happens in 2-3 years from now is a strategic move

When to protect intellectual property?

It’s very tough question to answer and it is not very easy to protect every creation of mind. Yes, there are some ways in which you can actually add some pointers and then file a patent application. Ideas are creation of mind and it might happen at one point of time the same idea is bouncing in multiple minds at neutron level across the globe.

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First very important factor for an innovation to be PATENT WORTHY is that an idea should be new. New means that idea should be new concept all over the world not only in India. So the idea actually qualify for even being patent worthy is performing patentability research. Many patent databases are very helpful to perform the patentability. One example is WIPO which stands for world intellectual property organisation.

The WIPO database is worldwide patent database. Other important databases are espacenet, and USPTO.

Many times we get patent queries regarding what kind of patent databases are you using for performing your any kind of patentability or any kind of patent research?

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Our BELIEVE is SIMPLE we use our intellect and use non paid patent tools.

Obviously, when you are using a paid database it is expensive. However, you are not using your intellect as a patent attorney or as a patent researcher to come up with ways and means to do your research in a manner which suffice the purpose of that particular invention or idea so that is very very important.

Over the years we have been able to find out better results by defining the kind of scope of work which we plan when we get a patent research query.

There is no STEP WISE MANTRA that would be applicable in all the patent searches. What is important is to analyse CRUX of the invention or the innovative features of the invention use your intellect as a patent researcher, and make the key strings.

What kind of strings will work better and if you have less time how to go about doing state of the art searches?

State of art search is basically talks about what kind of innovation already has happened in a particular sector. For example it can be a solar sector where by solar energy is being used to light up the lamp or it can be a LED sector where the technology relates to packaging of the LED to reduce the heat sink capacity.

However, what is important to understand what kind of approach or parameters are you going to take into considerations as a patent researcher.

KEY LEARNINGS FROM THE WORKSHOP

We will be discussing a lot on different kind of technologies. It is exciting to know that YOU don’t have to be an expert in a particular technology to do a patent research. Obviously, if you are a scientist or Phd in particular area it will take less time to understand the technology but at the same time as a patent researcher or as a patent attorney one should understand your job is to identify the innovative features.

Imbibing the acumen of a researcher and techno legal domain will is helpful when you are responding to office section response. The office action response is issued by the patent examiner and the patent examiner performs the search on a particular invention and will come up with objections so as a patent expert or patent attorney you need to respond to those objections. How to respond to office action response will be part of different workshop which we would be doing in the coming months.

How different kind of strategies can be applied as there is no one strategy which will be applicable to all patent searches but of course that key take away from the workshop would be that you would be able to understand what are the parameters you should actually look when you are doing the research.

Multinationals are coming in India so there is lot of job opportunities which are going to be there in near future and if you are already in the league of understanding how to perform patent research and can STRATEGISE a BUSINESS PLAN for the startup you get yourself a high package job.

You will be in a position to help the companies with their day to day activities whereby a lot of research is being performed by the scientists and many a times they have no clue whatsoever.

What kind of research is of prime importance?

What kind of research should be finished first?

What kind of research is being done by competitors?

For any questions we are reachable at legal@lawtcis.com or fill in the form https://goo.gl/forms/O9nHbSGDQo8P85WZ2

What is a provisional patent application? What are the different types of patents?
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India: Divide And Patent. How to file a Divisional Patent in India?

India: Divide And Patent

How to file a Divisional Patent in India?

The basis of filing a divisional patent application is the existence of a plurality of inventive concepts in the parent patent application.

If in one parent patent application, the patent claims do not relate to a single invention and discloses two or more inventions, the patent law provides the inventor with the opportunity to protect multiple inventions disclosed in one patent to file a further patent application as a divisional patent application.

Applicable Indian Patent Law in context of Filing Divisional Patent Application Filing before Indian Patent Office:

Under Section 16, of the Indian Patent Act,1970 the Patent Controller has the power to make orders in respect of division of parent /main patent application which relates to a plurality of inventions. Section 16 (1) states that:

“A person who has made an application for a patent under this Act may, at any time before the grant of the patent, if he so desires, or with a view to remedy the objection raised by the Controller on the ground that the claims of the complete specification relate to more than one invention, file a further application in respect of an invention disclosed in the provisional or complete specification already filed in respect of the first mentioned application”.

Thus, in order to comply with the Controller’s objection on the ground that the patent claims of the complete patent specification relate to more than one invention, the patent applicant can file for a further patent application in respect of an invention disclosed in the provisional or complete specification already filed at any time before the grant of the patent.

However, the divisional patent application filed should not contain any new matter which was not part of the first patent application filed before the Indian Patent Office.

The divisional patent application claims the priority date of the parent patent application, contains generally the same specification as the parent patent application but has a different set of claims.

The divisional patent application shall be processed and examined when the request for examination is filed within the prescribed period.

The Divisional Patent Application is treated as a substantive Patent application with a separate application number. A divisional application shall be examined vis-à-vis the first mentioned parent patent application so as to avoid patent claim overlap resulting in double patenting.

A divisional patent application is treated as a substantial patent application in the following ways:

a) Patent fee(s) is required to be paid;

b) Separate request for examination requires to be made;

c) Patent will be prosecuted separately;

d) Treated as an independent patent

Our Indian law firm provides intellectual property law support services to domestic and foreign clients. We offer cost-effective IP consulting services in all areas of intellectual property law ( patents, trademarks, utility model or design) in India. The law firm works 365/24/7 and offers customized full services to wide array of clients from fortune 500 companies to mid size foreign intellectual property law firms. Over the years, we take pride in creating value for the customer.

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Bee Vectoring Technologies

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Investing in passion. We invest in passionate founders with deep industry insights, providing capital and mentorship at the earliest stages of venture creation.

Granted Two Patents

About Bee Vectoring Technologies International Inc.

BVT has developed and owns patent-pending bee vectoring technology that is designed to harmlessly utilize bumblebees and honeybees as natural delivery mechanisms for a variety of powdered mixtures comprised of organic compounds that inhibit or control common crop diseases, while at the same time enhancing crop vigor and productivity. This unique and proprietary process enables a targeted delivery of crop controls using the simple process of bee pollination to replace traditional crop spraying, resulting in better yields, superior quality, and less impact on the environment without the use of water or disruptions to labour.

Bee Vectoring Technologies (the “Company” or “BVT”) (BEE) is feeling enthusiastic to announce that it has received notice of allowance of subject  patent applications in two new and significant agricultural sector and gets approval of patent on October 2,  2017.

Chile Patent No. 53.259: Represents the first patent protected  by the Company in South America.

Japan Patent No. 6066496: Represents the first patent protected in Japan, and increasing the strength of  the Asian patent portfolio which already includes a previously approved patent in China.

BVT CEO, Ashish Malik said “These patent approvals are important milestones for the company as Chile and Japan are significant anchor countries for the agricultural sector of South America and Asia respectively. The crop protection market in Chile and Japan combined is estimated to be US$2.7 billion. In particular, fruit and vegetable crops makes a wide portion of both the Chilean and Japanese markets, and both are amongst the largest markets in the world. Securing patents in North America, South America, Europe, Asia and Australia allows us to pursue the global market opportunity that exists for crop protection with confidence and helps ensure our approach of being first to market with our proprietary solutions.” Malik added “With these patents secured, BVT safeguards our competitive advantage and allows us to further our business development discussions with potential partners who are showing interest in working with us to introduce our system to growers worldwide. Many partners have a strong preference in working only with proprietary and patent-protected technologies. As we move through the commercialization process, these partners will be critical to our success in these markets and provide scalability quickly and efficiently.”

The patent applicant Bee Vectoring Tech Inc filed a patent titled “APPARATUS FOR TREATMENT OF PLANTS” bearing patent publication number PL2693871 on 2011-04-07. The inventor of the present innovation under agricultural sector are Collision Michael and Howard D Hearn. The patent invention relates to treatment of growing trees or plants, for e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, and for prolonging the life of plants. The innovation relates to a tray for positioning in an exit path of a bee hive comprises a base, a bee entrance end, and a bee exit end. Spaced apart side walls extend upwardly from the base. The sidewalls extend generally lengthwise between the bee entrance end and bee exit end. A plurality of posts extend upwardly from the base and are positioned between the bee entrance end and the bee exit end. The posts are generally circular in cross-section. The posts act as obstacles around which the bees must walk to reach the bee exit end from the bee entrance end.

The patent innovation would be classified as beehives, for e.g. ventilating devices, entrances to hives, guards, partitions, and bee escapes. However, the present innovation can also be classified as appliances for treating beehives or parts thereof, for e.g. for cleaning or disinfecting.

The patent applicant Bee Vectoring Tech Inc filed a patent titled “Isolated strain of clonostachys rosea for use as a biological control agent” bearing publication number PE09492016 on  2013-09-11.The inventor of the present innovation under agricultural sector are Sutton John and Mason Todd Gordon. The patent invention relates to Symbiotic or parasitic combinations including one or more new plants e.g. mycorrhiza . The innovation Described is an isolated strain of the fungus Colonostachys rosea termed BVT Cr-7 useful as a biological control agent for the treatment of plants. The isolated strain, formulations comprising said strain and/or spores derived from said strain may be applied to plants or plant materials in order to improve plant yield, to improve plant growth, or for the treatment or prevention of diseases or pathogens in the plant. The innovation relates to a Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; (apparatus for the destruction of noxious animals or noxious plants fungicidal, bactericidal, insecticidal, disinfecting or antiseptic paper  Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests.

The innovation makes use of substance containing ingredients stabilising the active ingredients.

The patent applicant Bee Vectoring Tech Inc filed a patent titled “Containing ingredients stabilising the active ingredients” bearing publication number US2016213006 on  2012-03-12.The inventor of the present innovation under agricultural sector are MASON Todd Gordon and Sutton John Clifford.The Patent invention relates to a  isolated strain, formulations comprising said strain and/or spores derived from said strain may be applied to plants or plant materials in order to improve plant yield, to improve plant growth, or for the treatment or prevention of diseases or pathogens in the plant.” The innovation described a powder plant treatment formulation for application to plants by insect vectoring includes: a plant treatment agent; a stabilizing agent bonded to the plant treatment agent for stabilizing the plant treatment agent; a moisture absorption agent for absorbing moisture from the formulation; an attracting agent for attracting the formulation to plants; and a diluent.The patent invention relates to Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; (apparatus for the destruction of noxious animals or noxious plants,fungicidal, bactericidal, insecticidal, disinfecting or antiseptic paper,Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests.The Invention makes use of  a substance that contain ingredients stabilising the active ingredients.

The patent applicant Bee Vectoring Tech Inc filed a patent titled “APPARATUS FOR TREATMENT OF PLANTS” bearing patent  number US9526233 on 2016-12-27. The inventor of the present innovation under agricultural sector are Collinson Michel Howard D Hearn and Kevan Peter G. The patent innovation relates a bee vectoring apparatus includes a tray for positioning in the exit path of a beehive. The tray includes a bottom, a bee entrance end, and a bee exit end. The apparatus includes a tray lid positioned above the bottom, with first and second barrier walls extruding downwardly from the lid. A ceiling extends between bottom ends of the first and second barrier walls. The patent invention would contain some other details of beehives, e.g. ventilating devices, entrances to hives, guards, partitions, bee escapese e.t.c.

BVT has also filed a patent application with the US patent office for  novel system that allows the delivery of plant protection products to crops using commercial honeybees.

The Company is pursuing an aggressive Intellectual Property (IP) strategy that covers five different patent families and 60 patent applications worldwide. The IP strategy supports the Company’s documented growth strategy to selectively expand its market opportunities while it drives towards commercialization of its proprietary system in the US.

BVT’s technology described in these patents includes a specialist apparatus for the treatment of plants with inoculants and control agents to manage diverse diseases and pests and enhance the yield and quality of crops. The inoculants and control agents are housed in proprietary removable trays within a dispenser system that is incorporated in the lid of commercial bumble bee hives.

The bumblebees pick up the inoculant on their way out of the hive and deliver the treatment to the plant in a very targeted and sustainable way.

Our delivery platform provides a groundbreaking management system that delivers highly targeted and effective pest and disease control and improves the quality of your crop.We combine our active ingredients and easy to use tray system with the natural pollination process of commercially reared bees. This provides the foundation for a season-long pest and disease management program with a biological control that is safe for bees, people and the environment. Ashish Malik, President & CEO Neither TSX Venture Exchange nor its Regulation Services Provider (as that term is defined in the policies of the TSX Venture Exchange) accepts responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this release.

This press release contains certain “forward-looking statements” that involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties. All statements in this press release, other than statements of historical fact, that address events or developments that BVT expects to occur, are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements in this press release include, but are not limited to, statements with respect to BVT’S future plans and technologies, including the timing of such plans and technologies. Forward-looking statements are statements that are not historical facts and are generally, but not always, identified by the words “expects”, “plans”, “anticipates”, “believes”, “intends”, “estimates”, “projects”, “potential”, “indicate” and similar expressions, or that events or conditions “will”, “would”, “may”, “could” or “should” occur. Although BVT believes that the expectations expressed in such forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, such statements are not guarantees of future performance and actual results may differ materially from those in forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause the actual results to differ materially from those in forward-looking statements include continued availability of capital, financing and required resources (such as human resources, equipment and/or other capital resources), and general economic, market or business conditions. Investors are cautioned that any such statements are not guarantees of future performance and actual results or developments may differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements.

 

How do you get something copyrighted? What are the right of copyrights?
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How to Copyright Website and Mobile Applications in India

What is Copyright?

Copyright, is an exclusive and assignable legal right, given to the originator for a fixed number of years, to print, publish, perform, film, or record literary, artistic , or musical material. Actually copyright is a legal right created by the law of a country that grants the creator of original work and given exclusive rights of its use and distribution, fora limited period of time

Copyright is a form of intellectual property, copyright are considered territorial rights,which means that they don’t extend beyond the territory of a specific jurisdiction.

It is a right which a person take for the protection of his business name which any other person didn’t take for the operation of business, as different person can do same business but the condition in copyright is that name shouldn’t be the same, as if it was, then the person who take the name of other person business for the operation of his business then it will be a offence and was punishable.

And now a days not only business like big brands, big restaurants, telecommunications etc, but websites are also involved in copyright act like Wikipedia, encyclopedia, yahoo.com, gmail.com, etc. they also make themselves register under copyright act for the exclusive rights through which websites make their names copyright and no other can take their names for the profitability, and now mobile applications are also there to register under the copyright act for the exclusive rights for the more profitability.

How to copyright ?

Following are steps of copyrighting;

Step 1: Filing the Application

Along with the requisite fee, an application needs to be submitted either in DD/IPO. Once this application is filed, a diary number is generated and issued to the applicant.

Step 2: Examination

There is a minimum wait of 30 days for recording and analysing any objections that may come up against the copyright application

a. In case of no Objection:

The application goes ahead for scrutinization by an examiner. This scrutiny gives rise to two options:

1. In case of discrepancy found during scrutiny:

A letter of discrepancy is sent to the applicant letter is generated and sent to the applicant.

Based on the reply from the applicant, the registrar conducts a hearing of the alleged discrepancy row.

Once the discrepancies are sorted during the hearing, the extracts of the same are sent to the applicant for him/her to register the copyright.

2. In case of zero discrepancy:

This would mean that the copyright application fulfil all criterion required for the copyright. The applicant is then given the nod to go ahead with the registration of the same.

(If the registration is not approved, then the applicant received a letter of rejection)

b. In case of an objection filed:

While we listed above the scenarios of ‘no objections’, in case one is faced with an objection, the following proceedings take place:

Authorities send out letters to the two concerned parties, trying to convince them to take back the objection. After requisite replies from the third party, the registrar conducts a hearing.

Depending on whether the registrar accepts the reply, the procedure takes shape

1. If the application is accepted:

The application being accepted means that the objection has been rejected. The application goes ahead for scrutinization by an examiner. This scrutiny gives rise to two options:

2. In case of discrepancy found during scrutiny:

A letter of discrepancy is sent to the applicant letter is generated and sent to the applicant.

Based on the reply from the applicant, the registrar conducts a hearing of the alleged discrepancy row.

Once the discrepancies are sorted during the hearing, the extracts of the same are sent to the applicant for him/her to register the copyright.

c. In case of zero discrepancy:

This would mean that the copyright application fulfils all criterion required for the copyright. The applicant is then given the nod to go ahead with the registration of the same. (If the registration is not approved, then the applicant received a letter of rejection)

d. If application is rejected:

In case this happens, then the applicant receives a rejection letter that marks the end of the copyright procedure.

Step 3: Registration

As can be seen from the aforementioned steps, the registration solely depends on the registrar. Once everything is cleared from the registrar’s end, the applicant received the copyright and can legally exercise all rights that come with the owner of that copyright.

 

 

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Idea for Business Protection * Innovative Business Concept

Brand New Idea for business Protection

 

how to pitch an idea to a company and get paid
how to protect an idea for an app

A proposal for a business includes many elements including pointers like MISSION and VISION of the business in 5 years time. For any business proposal it includes all the fundamental information such as the product or the services offered, the target audience, and a novel business marketing strategy that gives a company an advantage over its competitors is known as a business concept.

“New Idea Reveals How To Sell High Ticket Patent Business Ideas…Even If Nobody’s Ever Heard Of You”

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A business concept may involve a new product or service or it may simply comprise a unique approach to marketing or delivering an already existing product.

Idea for business Innovation

Got a great concept for business? Great you have already taken the first step for a successful business !! Once a concept is developed, it is incorporated into a business plan.

Idea for business, Idea lawyer for business, Idea attorney for business, Idea for business startup

Now you must be wondering what if someone else comes up with something similar? Idea for business must be protected.

Running a successful business is not a solo sport. We work with and through other people. In order to get off to a flying start, an entrepreneur needs investors, vendors, employees and may be a partner or a mentor. Thus eventually you have to discuss your idea with the masses. But what if someone steals your idea?

Ideas and concepts are valuable and throughout history innovative concepts have been copied or stolen.

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“Idea theft”  is an ongoing concern for many business owners and startups. A competitor could steal the idea and put it to use themselves. Instead of letting other party go away with your great concept and make a fortune, you should protect your concept by filing a patent.

As per the Patent laws, a mathematical or business model or  algorithms or a computer programme per se are not inventions and hence are not patentable. HOWEVER,  a hardware component to the flow diagram can make the overall business concept patentable. For a technology to be patentable, the technology must be incorporated into a new product or a process, involving an inventive step and should be capable of being made or used in an industry. For example Blockchain Technology, the talk of the town in itself is not patentable but if it is incorporated into a device it is patentable.

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Similarly ideas and concepts themselves cannot be patented.

But when you take a concept and turn it into an invention or process that meets specific criteria and requirements, it can be patented. A patent can help you remain competitive in your field and give you an edge on your rivals.

You can apply for a Utility patent or a Design patent based on the nature of your invention. Utility patents are granted to inventions that pertains to a new and useful process or useful improvements of a process, machine, article of manufacture or composition of matter. Design patents are given for new and original designs for an article of manufacture.

7 answers Is it possible to file a patent for a business idea in India

You can file a provisional patent application or a non-provisional application with full specification of your invention. A provisional patent application is a quick way to protect your invention if it is in the abstract stage. It will establish an early filing date. But a patent will be issued only after a provisional application is accompanied with the complete specification within 12 months from the date of filing of the provisional application. If the complete specification is not filed, the application shall be deemed to be abandoned.

Make sure your invention is novel, non-obvious and has a commercial value.

Every complete patent specification shall  fully describe the invention and its operation or use and the method by which it is performed.

how to protect an idea for an app can you copyright an idea or concept

For example, an individual has an idea pertaining to a software that can be used for buying & selling property and has the expertise to transform that idea into an invention that is a mobile application. With such an idea provisional application can be filed for that mobile application and later complete specification can be submitted which fully and particularly describes the invention and its operation or use and the detailed method of performing the same.

If your concept fulfills all the requirements to apply for a patent, and there are no other previously filed patents, then it’s time to apply for your patent. Patent filing requires money. Patents have filing fees and maintenance fees over the life of the patent and a large amount of money is required for the defence of the patent. If your idea fulfills all the requirements to apply for a patent, and there are no other previously filed patents, then it’s time to apply for your patent. But before filing a patent make sure that the patent generates enough profit to justify the expenses associated with its filing.

It is advisable to seek legal counsel and advice before filing a patent and get patent professional involved for writing and filing patent. 

Patent filing in India involves the following steps for Idea for business protection-

i) Pen down your invention with as much detail as possible including drawings/ diagrams that explain the working or concept of invention. Brainstorm terms that effectively describe your invention along with their synonyms.

ii) Next step is to find out if the invention meets all the patentability criteria for the country in which the patent application is to be filed. Check the patentability of your invention by performing a search for similar technologies. A detailed patentability search helps determine the chances of getting a patent. Conduct In-depth review of patents as well as non-patent literature and electronic publications like books, journals, websites, technical catalogs and conference for similarity to your invention.

iii) If your invention is novel and meets all the patentability criteria, draft the provisional/ non-provisional application depending on the stage of your invention. If you are at the stage where you have complete information about your invention then you can directly go for complete specification. However if the invention is still in the development mode and tests are underway, it is a good idea to quickly file a provisional application to establish priority. Filing of the provisional application gives you 12 months of time to test and finalize your invention and file the complete application.

iv) Up on filing the complete specification along with application for patent, the application is published after 18 months of first filing. This is an automatic event and you need not make any request. However, if you wish to get your application published earlier, you can make a request for early publication (Form 9) and your application will ordinarily be published in 1 month from the request.

v) A request for examination is filed after which the patent application is examined.  by a patent examiner and the examiner creates a First Examination Report (FER). During the process of examination, the examiner will closely inspect the application to ensure that the application is in accordance with the patent act and rules. The examiner also performs a search to understand similar technologies to ascertain if the invention would satisfy the patentability criteria. Based on the analysis, the examiner will issue an Examination Report to the applicant, stating the grounds for objections.

vi) Once, the First Examination Report is issued by the examiner, the patent applicant needs to successfully overcome the objections to receive a patent grant. The inventor and patent professional create and send a response to the examination in order to  clear all the objections of the examiner. The whole process may involve responding to examination reports, appearing for hearing, etc. The ideal opportunity for putting an application all together for grant is 6 months (earlier 12 months) from the date on which the FER is issued to the applicant. However, this 6 month period can be extended for a period of 3 months by the applicant by filing a request for extension of time (Form 4).

vii) After all the objections are cleared, the patent is granted and is published in the patent journal.

Client Testimonial for Protecting Idea for Business:

RAJIV VERMA

Director at Wide Range International

June 24, 2017, Rajiv worked with Prity Khastgir IPR in different groups

It’s my absolute pleasure to recommend Ms. Prity Khastgir as a seasoned patent and trademark attorney in Intellectual Property portfolio research, cross border technology transactions, license agreements, etc. Prity and I are business-friends and are known to each other for quite some time now. I thoroughly enjoyed my time working with Prity, and came to know her as a truly valuable asset to absolutely any team. The grasp on subject matter is absolutely great along with a ability to summarise even the complexly wired matter pertains to IOTs and mobile applications, Software Development, Therapeutic Bilologics, Food Science, etc. She is honest, dependable, and incredibly hard-working. Beyond that she exhibit a “Keep It Simple and Straight” principle. Along with her undeniable talent, Prity has always been an absolute joy to work with. She is a true team player, and always manages to foster positive discussions and bring the best out of people around her

Best Wishes

Rajiv Verma

Idea for business, Idea for business law firm India

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7 Simple Ways You Can Protect Your Idea From Theft

 

Co Author-

*Thinking Geek*

Aanchal Verma, An enthusistic, adaptive, fast-learning person with a passion to develop new skills and solve new challenges.