The year 2020 will be the year of many surprises by all means. India is set to rule the global mark in next decade for all the good reasons and history has witnessed so many landmark activities happening for over last 3000 years. Arithmetically dividing 20 by 20 is equal to one. Understanding the number line game one denotes the starting of the stepping stone to channelise the right energy for the right outcome.
What to expect in 5G Network?
According to recent reports, commercial deployment of 5th generation (5G) telecommunication network is expected is roll out by 2020. In the current undertaking, telecommunication industry has substantially accepted that the 5th generation will be deployed by the year 2020 with a huge research and development investment in this direction to ensure safety. The agencies globally are understanding 5G and coming to a conclusive conclusion of standardisation and regulatory initiatives. On a global scale, European operators have decided to stick to the 5th generation telecommunication network launch in the early 2020s. Many telecommunication operators are predicting that the commercial availability of 5G is going to be implemented from the year 2020 and will be extended to 2025.
Overview of Key 5G Technologies
• Massive mobile connectivity, that would enable enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB);
• Connectivity of millions of devices, that would enable massive machine type communication (mMTC);
• Resilient, instantaneous connectivity, that would enable ultra reliable and low latency communications (URLLC).
Why to Wait for 5G High Speed launch?
Before the launch of 5G telecommunication network in 2020, what is necessary for the enterprises globally is to examine safety parameters associated with the 5G telecommunication network beforehand and specify the quality control and quality assurance parameters related to the 5G technology.
Need of the hour: In order to conduct the quality control and quality assurance parameters of the 5G technology, an exploratory phase is required.
The exploratory phase is a phase conducted before the actual launch of a technology. The exploratory phase is designed in order to understand detailed requirements for 5G implementation and future systems to identify the most promising technical and technological options available in a cost effective manner. In India, the exploratory phase is starting this year amidst election campaigning happening in India.
5G Rollout in India
In the present scenario, humongous 5G trials and pilot projects are being implemented in different parts under controlled parameters. Moreover, 5G trials conducted in different parts of the world which includes Spain’s Ministry for Energy, Tourism and the Digital Agenda. The current work is on a series of measures that are designed to promote the deployment of 5G throughout the country, including a tender in the 3.6 GHz and 1.5 GHz bands. Hence, after the announcement made by the Spain’s Ministry for Energy, Tourism and the Digital Agenda there are three important bands that have been identified for harmonisation and to facilitate the launch of 5G in Europe:
• The 700 MHz band for sub 1 GHz spectrum;
• The 3.6 GHz band for spectrum between 1 GHz and 6 GHz; and,
• The 26 GHz band for above 6 GHz spectrum.
The spectrum band below 1Ghz is particularly useful for RF IOT applications. Innovative Apps for IOT or the internet of things, are typically low power. The Sub 1Ghz offers several advantages over the 2.4Ghz spectrum for such IOT applications.
In correlation with the 5G spectrum in Europe, India’s Department of Telecommunications (DoT), in one of the statements has announced to open up new spectrum bands to facilitate ultra-high-speed 5G services. The condition kept forward to facilitate ultra-high-speed 5G services is a formal proposal from the telecommunication sector regulator. DoT also added that they are open to newer bands and a suggestion has to go to the telecommunication sector regulator, which can come up with its formal recommendations, although it has already proposed spectrum in the 3300-3600 MHz frequency range for 5Gtelecommunication network.
In the recent past, the airwave sale of 5G spectrum in India is proposed to be in the range of 3300-3600 MHz bands, besides the 700 MHz, 800 MHz, 900 MHz, 1,800 MHz, 2,100 MHz, 2300 MHz and 2,500 MHz range. The guidelines for the next round of airwaves sale for 5gG spectrum is proposed by the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI). The frequency range auction as proposed by TRAI would be a total of 275 MHz in the 3300-3600 MHz frequency range.
TRAI has further proposed that 25 MHz spectrum (3400-3425 MHz), which is presently being used by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) should be allowed for 5G services after due negotiations with the space body to free up the spectrum. According to experts, spectrum allocation would be the most critical element in adoption of 5G mobile networks in India in the year 2019, given that telcos would need at least 100 MHz each for 5G enablement and deployment.
The task force indicated that India should open up the 698-803 MHz, 3300-3600 MHz, 24.25-27.5 GHz and 27.5-29.5 GHz bands for 5G deployment.
Recommendations are pouring in like raindrops and the Indian government is of the view and identified 617-698 MHz, 1427-1518 MHz, 29.5-31.3 GHz and 37.0- 43.5 GHz bands for potential 5G use. Currently, there is consideration that the 37.0 – 43.5 GHz bands should be offered free for two years to support indigenous research and development. The good news is that the committee said that most guidelines on regulatory matters should be in place by March 2019 to facilitate early 5G deployment.
The good news is that the committee said that most guidelines on regulatory matters should be in place by March 2019 to facilitate early 5G deployment.
At an international level, China government has granted 100MHz of 3.5MHz (or C-Band) spectrum to the telecom companies. China’s three major state-owned operators have been apportioned 5G spectrum in the mid-band range of frequencies. Second and third placed China Unicom and China Telecom were each granted 100MHz of 3.5MHz (or C-Band) spectrum, while China Mobile has been allocated 260MHz across the 2.6GHz and 4.8GHz bands. The allocation by China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology indicates that wide-scale network testing will commence in early 2019, ahead of commercial 5G services launching in 2020.
Overview of China Implementation of 5G Trials
China’s IMT-2020 (5G) Promotion Group completed three phases of non-standalone (NSA) trials in October; it is currently halfway through standalone (SA) trials. China is also conducting three phases of 5G R&D testing, which began in 2016 and are planned for completion by the end of this year. Speaking to China Daily, the Telecommunication Development Industry Alliance’s secretary-general Yang Hua noted that setting 5G frequencies would facilitate 5G development for operators and vendors. He explained that changing the assigned frequencies often forces solutions and products to spend as much as ten additional months being redeveloped.
Role of 5G in Global Trend
There has been a massive increase in demand for connectivity driven by smartphones becoming a channel for consuming content such as music and video, running a large number of applications including payments and e-commerce, and remotely controlling devices of various types. The end goal is engagement and hooking to one or more online applications for social engagement.
About the Author
Prity Khastgir is working to intersect technology and law with the intent to provide opinion on new age laws which would be drafted in near future to take cognizance of multiple issues cropping in the world of internet. Prity is active at tech global conferences and actively participate in ITU 5G Regulatory Workshops, Spectrum Auction Seminars & Initiatives on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is commonly known as the Global Goals, are a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity. In personal capacity, Prity is working on coding a new application to work on EMPATHY factor which is diminishing in recent years.
Problem SOLVER & Business Strategist with 13+ yrs experience. With a working experience of working 30,000++ working hours in different technologies right from microchip antenna to heat sinking issues in LEDs to writing patents for messaging mobile applications for every size of client across the world. Technology excites Prity and she loves to travel and meet people and experience LIFE in true sense. Prity is trained in international will-power techniques and believes that mind is the greatest gift of the universe. Currently, also working on INFINITY.