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Indian Trademark Infringement Case Study: Cadila Healthcare Ltd. v/s Gujarat Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd

Cadila Healthcare Ltd. v/s Gujarat Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd

Indian Trademark Infringement Case Study


Is It Trademark Infringement?
What is a protected trademark?

“Best case scenario, the mark is a blend of two well known English words. Once a typical phrase in the English dialect which specifically describes the item is embraced by a business enterprise, such reception normally entails the risk that others in the field would also be qualified for use such phrases gave no endeavor is made to ride on the fleeting trend of the appellant’s indubitably market driving item ‘Sugar Free’. In this association, simply because the attributes of ‘sugar free’ can be described by different phrases can’t detract from the regular usage of the phrase ‘Sugar Free’ as signifying products which don’t contain sugar and any dealer which adopts such mark in the market, does so with the unmistakable learning of the possibility of different traders also using the said mark. That is precisely the reason for the dissent of assurance to such marks by refusing registration as envisaged by Sections 9, Section 30 and Section 35 of the Trademarks Act, 1999.”

Cadila Pharmaceuticals Ltd.

Trademark infringement is the unauthorized use of a trademark or service mark on or in connection with goods and/or services in a manner that is likely to cause confusion, deception, or mistake about the source of the goods and/or services.
What constitutes an infringement of trademark?

It is one of the biggest privately held pharmaceutical organizations in India, headquartered at Ahmadabad, in the State of Gujarat. In the course of the most recent six decades, the organization has been creating and manufacturing pharmaceutical items in India and offering and dispersing these in more than eighty-five different nations around the globe. It focuses unequivocally on Innovation and Research, the organization is available in more than forty-five helpful zones spread crosswise over twelve specialties, including cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, analgesics, haematinics, hostile to infective and anti-microbial, respiratory operators, ant diabetics, and immunological.

Recently Cadila Pharmaceuticals Ltd. filed a suit against Gujarat co-operative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd & oths.

It manages the Establishment of an immediate linkage between milk makers and customers by taking out mediators, Milk Producers (agriculturists) control acquirement, handling, and marketing and, Proficient administration.

GCMMF (Amul) has helped India to rise as the biggest milk maker on the planet. More than 15 million milk makers pour their milk in 1, 44,500 dairy helpful social orders the nation over. Their milk is prepared in 184 District Co-agent Unions and promoted by 22 State Marketing Federations, guaranteeing a superior life for millions.The case has been filed over use of the words “Sugar free”.

Cadila Pharmaceuticals Ltd. 2001 PTC 541 (SC) Full Bench Brief to market the drug under the trade mark of “FALCIGO” all over India

Cadila Healthcare Ltd. v. Gujarat Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd. and Ors’ 2009 (41) PTC 336 (Del.) (DB) is a judgment of the Delhi high Court that arrangements with the issue of mediating the peculiarity of a trademark when it is at first sight, “expressive” in character.For the situation, Cadila Healthcare Ltd. propelled an item containing ‘aspartame’, a sugar substitute, under the brand name ‘Sugar-Free’ in the year 1988.

Cadila had purportedly coined and embraced the trademark ‘Sugar-Free’ and was the principal client of the said trademark in India. Gujarat Co-operative received a stamp consisting of the words ‘Sugar-Free’ for their solidified pastry, indistinguishable with and misleadingly like the Cadila’s trademark.

The Gujarat Co-operative notwithstanding, as a matter of fact, were not offering their items under the name ‘Sugar-Free’, yet utilizing the same as an expressive modifier for their item. Cadila recorded a suit under the steady gaze of the educated Single Judge looking for a declaration of changeless injunction for controlling Gujarat Co-operative from utilizing as a part of any way, especially in connection with their items, the articulation ‘Sugar Free’, which Cadila asserted had obtained selectiveness as a trademark in connection with its different items.

The application for an injunction was expelled by the educated Single Judge, against which the present interest was recorded.It might be specified here that the litigant had a 74% offer in the sugar substitute market in India, plainly building up a prevalent premium.

The claim of eliteness depended upon the term ‘Sugar-Free’ being a coined word. The court decided that M/s Cadila Healthcare can’t be permitted to utilize the articulation since it was inalienable spellbinding in nature and has become a commonly utilized word in connection to nourishment and drinks. It likewise watched that “sugar-free” was not a coined word or an irregular combination of words.

Since it was a commonly utilized articulation in composed and additionally communicated in English, it could in this way not be hoarded for use by any exchange.

In perspective of the above supposition, the Court declined to concede an injunction on the utilization of the said check by Gujarat Co-operative as a piece of a sentence or appealing legend in order to portray the idea of their item.

They were that as it may, require diminishing the text dimension of the said term, which conspicuously stood greater than the trademark of the item.

tm 6 trademark
Is It Trademark Infringement?

Apply for TM Registration and discuss your brand strategy  and understand importance of brand, logo and tagline with expert consultants at Tech Corp International Strategist India TCIS, India.

Locations: Delhi, Gurgaon, Noida, Mumbai, Banglore


We at Tech Corp International Strategist India(TCIS) provide Trademark services:


We at TCIS,India evaluate your office action after client discussion and understanding his business quotes and let you know if there is a fair chance to get your trademark application approved. If you decide to hire our trademark lawyers / trademark attorneys at TCIS to draft a response to the office action, cost effective flat rates are available.

As experienced trademark attorneys we at TCIS are well versed in responding to office action letters issued by trademark examining attorneys at the Indian Patent Office(IPO) and Indian Trademark Office.

Trademark Monitoring Services

We at TCIS,India also offers trademark monitoring services for OUR  clients. This service is designed to protect the client’s trademark by periodically reviewing the records of the Indian Patent Office(IPO) and Indian Trademark Office, and additional sources, depending on the monitoring service requested, for applications to register, or use of, confusingly similar marks.

Other Services

The firm offers a variety of services, including representation in cancellation and opposition proceedings at the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board.


When you contact Trademark attorney at TCIS,India whether by phone or email, you can expect to receive prompt, professional, efficient and courteous service.

  • Clients of the firm enjoy the following:
  • Free initial trademark consultation with an experienced trademark attorney
  • Review of office actions by an experienced trademark attorney                
  • Trademark attorney personal attention to their matters                                        
  • Firm ideology of involvement that requires “going the extra mile”                      
  • Firm policy to return client phone calls and respond to emails immediately whenever practical                                                                                                  
  • Cost-effective flat rates



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Why do you need a techno legal strategist in a startup?

Co Author: Aarti Dhillon is a third-year law student pursuing BBA LLB (Hons.) with specialization in corporate laws from the College of Legal Studies, University of Petroleum and Energy studies. She is an enthusiastic individual with an emphasis on achieving astounding standards both personally and academically. She is an aspiring corporate law and patent law enthusiast who is captivated with exploring, learning and practicing technology, invention, business, and law simultaneously. In her opinion Law, business and technology have reliably been the thing that has intrigued her the most and how with genuine learning and practice with regards to the said three, one can organize the framework to oblige individuals’ individual needs. She plans to have an effective law career ahead and apply her aptitudes obtained from both her work and academic experience and further enable her to make a difference in people’s life.

International Food Technology India
Food law strategist, food lawyer india, INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY STRATEGY, Startup Attorney India, Uncategorized


Anshika Bhardwaj 

Patent Thinking Geek & Food Law Strategist

Food Strategy | Foodservice Design food culture strategy

Anshika as my name suggest is “THE SMALLEST PARTICLE” and as technology intensive Science Geek I am curious about the field of patenting and try to find answers to UNANSWERED QUESTIONS in the research field.

I am conversant in prior art searching, Invalidation, Infringement Analysis, and preparing claim charts.

Patent analysis is my GAME and I love my Mentor Prity Khastgir 🙂 who inspired me to enter this dynamic field of Intellectual Property. Understanding technology is fun and I am passionate about novelty patent searches.

As an PATENT TECH Associate at Tech Corp International Strategist * Startup India Expert we help Startups to Raise Funds & Assist Foreign Companies to find Right Business Partner in India. We at TCIS believe that YOUR STARTUP IDEA & OUR INTELLECT IS THE RIGHT COMBINATION FOR PROTECTING YOUR INNOVATION IN INDIA.

Einstein, twenty-six years old, only three years away from crude privation, still a patent examiner, published in the Annalen der Physik in 1905 five papers on entirely different subjects. Three of them were among the greatest in the history of physics. One, very simple, gave the quantum explanation of the photoelectric effect—it was this work for which, sixteen years later, he was awarded the Nobel prize. Another dealt with the phenomenon of Brownian motion, the apparently erratic movement of tiny particles suspended in a liquid: Einstein showed that these movements satisfied a clear statistical law. This was like a conjuring trick, easy when explained: before it, decent scientists could still doubt the concrete existence of atoms and molecules: this paper was as near to a direct proof of their concreteness as a theoretician could give. The third paper was the special eory of relativity, which quietly amalgamated space, time, and matter into one fundamental unity. This last paper contains no references and quotes no authority. All of them are written in a style unlike any other theoretical physicist’s. They contain very little mathematics. There is a good deal of verbal commentary. The conclusions, the bizarre conclusions, emerge as though with the greatest of ease: the reasoning is unbreakable. It looks as though he had reached the conclusions by pure thought, unaided, without listening to the opinions of others. To a surprisingly large extent, that is precisely what he had done. — Baron C.P. Snow

We at Tech Corp International Strategist (TCIS) believe in incubating GREAT IDEAS and grow the startups to the NEXT level. We at Tech Corp International Strategist (TCIS) believe assisting enterprises to enter INDIA and find RIGHT Angels, and VCs in Malaysia, Singapore, ASEAN countries, US, UK, Japan and India.

I am PROUD to be a Patent Geek and my expertise are Business Strategy, Patentability/Novelty Search, Freedom to Operate Search, Brand development analyst, Invalidation Search, Patent Portfolio Watch, Patent Technology Assessment and Landscaping, Licensing Studies, Market Survey, Competitive Intelligence and Market Research, Patent Invalidity, Patent Landscape, FTO, Design infringement.

As a masters in Food technology my LOVEforinnovating and developing food and beverage products is a never ending. The dynamic field of food technology requires constant improving and innovating the quality of existing products. As a Food Scientist and technologist my food technology expertise are Microbial Biotechnology, Food Technology, Fermentation Technology, Beverages (Alcoholic & Non Alcoholic), Cereal and Cereal Products technology, Dairy and Dairy Products technology, Fruits and vegetables technology, Enzyme technology, Probiotics & Prebiotics technology.

As afood law strategist in India I aim at providing a global advises on food safety, food labelling and food regulatory issues in India. We work closely with FSSAI, India. Feed and food contact materials issues are also managed by our team of food law consultants. We aim at providing company specialized in intelligence gathering on the supply chain to detect and prevent food frauds.

We also provide specialized services to Food Sector in protecting their Intellectual Property Rights. I believe when your IPR & revenues are need of an hour, Tech Corp International Strategist (TCIS), India is there to meet and exceed YOUR needs.

Our Worldwide Patent Technology Coverage: We at Tech Corp International Strategist (TCIS) serve variety of technology areas, including telecommunications, networking, video, electrical, electromechanical, computer systems, hardware and software, business methods, fiber optics, integrated circuits, global positioning systems, storage systems, digital televisions and camera and automotive applications.


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