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Role of Mediation in patent infringement disputes

 

Mediation is a potentially efficient and cost-effective alternative to traditional litigation and arbitration. The use of mediation has become increasingly popular in several areas of dispute resolution and one such area is that of intellectual property (IP).

As the field of Intellectual property is vast, here the importance of mediation as an alternative to both litigation and arbitration in patent infringement disputes is discussed.

A patent can be defined as a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention typically for 20 years during which the product or process cannot be exploited by others.

Patent disputes typically arise when patent rights are breached i.e Patent infringement occurs when a third party makes, uses, sells, offers to sell a patented invention without the patent owner’s permission. The scope of the patented invention or the extent of protection is defined in the claims of the granted patent. Therefore, patent infringement disputes involve courts interpreting and evaluating the claims of a patent on which the protection is sought. This is a complex procedure and the litigation process often become expensive and complicated. In the defense of infringement party allegedly responds with a counterclaim of patent invalidity and a defendant involved in patent litigation may ask to reexamine the patent being litigated. During re-examination the court will reconsider the validity of original patent and whether it meets the statutory requirements of novelty, inventiveness and non-obviousness. If a defendant successfully pleads the defence of a patent the patent owner will lose not only the case but also the patent itself.  

Alternatively, mediation in patent infringement disputes can save time and money by avoiding the interpretation and reinterpretation of patent claims. Also, mediation removes the risk of patent invalidation and promotes creative solution in patent disputes. Moreover, unlike litigation, mediation process is confidential.  

For example- A company holding patent rights for a technology founds that its competing company is selling the same technology without any license. The concerned company threatens to file patent infringement case in all jurisdictions in which the company is holding patent rights. But the mounting cost of legal action would take a toll on the company and the litigation process is very time consuming. In such a situation, mediation is instrumental in transforming a hostile situation in which the parties were preparing to engage in prolonged and expensive litigation into one in which they were able to conclude an arrangement which suits the business interests of both parties and ensures the profitable use of the technology in the service of those interests.

Mediation is a great idea and can offer people a way of working things out without spending lots of money which could be better spent elsewhere to grow a business.

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Facebook v/s ConnectU Mediation Case study

 

The twin brothers- Tyler and Cameron Winklevoss claimed that Mark Zuckerberg stole the idea for Facebook from them and had brought Facebook against the Winklevoss’s company- ConnectU. The twin brothers initiated a law suit against Mr. Zuckerberg inorder to negotiate a settlement, accusing it of unfair business practices.

The district court in California ordered the parties to mediate.

Before the mediation began, both the parties signed a confidentiality agreement that stated that all statements made during mediation will not be made public and were inadmissible in any arbitral, judicial, or other proceeding. After all the arguments and discussions, a settlement agreement was signed that between both the parties and Winklevosses gave up ConnectU in return for cash and Facebook shares. The Settlement Agreement purported to end all disputes between the parties.

Just after signing the agreement, Winklevosses affirmed that there was a difference in their understanding of the value of the shares of Facebook that they had agreed to accept and that they had been defrauded (in violation of Section 10(b)-5) in the mediation. The twins claimed that Facebook led them to believe during the mediation discussions that Facebook’s share value was $35.90, even though Facebook’s internal tax valuation had determined its share value to be $8.88. Had they known about this valuation during the mediation, they claim, they would never have signed the Settlement Agreement.

Section 10(b)-5 is a regulation that deems it to be illegal for anybody to directly or indirectly use any measure to defraud, make false statements, omit relevant information or otherwise conduct operations of business that would deceive another person; in relation to conducting transactions involving stock and other securities. A party negotiating an exchange of shares to settle a lawsuit could violate Rule 10b-5 by misstating or hiding information that would materially change the other side’s evaluation of the settlement.

In support of these claims, the Winklevosses proffered evidence of what was said and not said during the mediation. However the statements were held inadmissible based on the confidentiality agreement signed by the parties that stated that “All statements made during the course of the mediation or in mediator follow-up thereafter at any time prior to complete settlement of the matter are privileged settlement discussions and are non-discoverable and inadmissible for any purpose including in any legal proceeding. Without such evidence, their securities claims must fail.

Further, the Winklevoss twins sought to invalidate the settlement agreement under Section 29(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that voids any settlement agreement made in violation of Rule 10b-5. Winklevosses hired a team of lawyers and a financial advisor. Finally, the Court noted that the current valuation of Facebook appears to be three times what the Winklevosses were claiming they were entitled to demonstrating the value of settlement to be $160 million, that was mere $65 million at the time of the settlement.

However, a number of lessons can be learnt from this mediation case study. Whatever happens in mediation stays in mediation. Parties need to be sure that all essential information is included in the settlement agreement. The settlement agreement should be clearly-written. Since no statements made during mediation will be admissible and settlement agreement is the only admissible and enforceable document of mediation.

7 Simple Ways You Can Protect Your Idea From Theft

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Patenting Mind Control & Behaviour Modification Technology

Brain employs different control strategies. Mind or thought control can be defined as the inability of the human subjects to think autonomously. Initially mind control was considered a mere conspiracy theory but it is REAL!!

Companies like Microsoft and Facebook are coming up with “Brain -Computer Interfaces” which can help the users increase their concentration and think their way around a computer device, hands free.

The emerging discipline of network neuroscience and network control deals with modulating human brain network to treat cognitive deficits and /or enhance mental abilities. A lot of patents are being filed in this field.  

WO/2016/207246

Title: DEVICE AND METHOD FOR EFFECTIVE INVASIVE TWO-STAGE NEUROSTIMULATION

Assignee: FORSCHUNGSZENTRUM JÜLICH GMBH (Wilhelm-Johnen-Strasse, Jülich, 52425, DE)

Publication date: 29 Dec 2016

Abstract:

The invention relates to a device for stimulating neurons, comprising a stimulation unit, which can be implanted in the body of a patient and which has a plurality of stimulation elements for stimulating neurons in the brain and/or spinal cord of the patient with stimuli, and a control unit, which operates the stimulation unit during a first time interval and during a second time interval following the first time interval in different stimulation modes. The control unit controls the stimulation unit during at least 75% of the duration of the first time interval in a first stimulation mode such that the stimulation element repeatedly generate sequences of stimuli and the order in which the stimulation elements generate the stimuli within a sequence is constant for not more than 5 successively generated sequences and is then varied. The control unit controls the stimulation unit during at least 75% of the duration of the second time interval in a second stimulation mode such that the stimulation elements repeatedly generate sequences of stimuli and the order in which the stimulation elements generate the stimuli within a sequence is constant for at least 25 successively generated sequences and is then varied. The intensity of stimuli in the first stimulation mode is lower than or equal to a predetermined stimulus intensity and the intensity of stimuli in the second stimulation mode is at least 1.3 times the predetermined stimulus intensity.

US 20180012009

Title: METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PROVIDING A BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE

Assignee: Arctop, Inc. (San Francisco, CA, US)

Publication Date: 11 Jan 2018

Abstract:

A method for providing a brain computer interface that includes detecting a neural signal of a user in response to a calibration session having a time-locked component and a spontaneous component; generating a user-specific calibration model based on the neural signal; prompting the user to undergo a verification session, the verification session having a time-locked component and a spontaneous component; detecting a neural signal contemporaneously with delivery of the verification session; generating an output of the user-specific calibration model from the neural signal; based upon a comparison operation between processed outputs, determining an authentication status of the user; and performing an authenticated action.

US 20170368348

Title: METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ENHANCING MEMORY CONSOLIDATION

Assignee: ICM (INSTITUTE OF THE BRAIN AND THE SPINAL CORD (Paris, FR)

APHP (PUBLIC ASSISTANCE – HOSPITALS OF PARIS (Paris, FR) 

NATIONAL CENTER FOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH (CNRS) (Paris, FR)

UNIVERSITY PIERRE AND MARIE CURIE – PARIS 6 (UPMC) (Paris, FR)   

 INSERM (NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR HEALTH AND MEDICAL RESEARCH) (Paris Cedex 13, FR)

Publication Date: 28 Dec 2017

Abstract:

The present invention relates to methods and devices for consolidating memory and / or cognitive functions by monitoring brain dynamics and delivering a stimulus to the appropriate stage of sleep cycle.

US 9846483

Title: Headset with contactless electric field sensors for facial expression and cognitive state detection

Assignee: Oculus VR, LLC (Menlo Park, CA, US)

Publication Date: 19 Dec 2017

Abstract:

A head-mounted display (HMD) device includes a plurality of activity detection sensors coupled to a liner formed around a periphery of a HMD or a band attached to the HMD. The sensors attached to the liner are adopted for direct or indirect contact to an upper portion of a user’s face, and the sensors coupled to the band are adopted for direct or indirect contact with a back side of the user’s head. The activity detection sensors detect electrical field signals caused by muscle contractions in an upper portion of a user’s face or brain activity signals when the user is wearing the HMD. The HMD includes a module that reconstructs and projects a facial animation model of the user and a cognitive state of the user based on signals from the activity detection sensors while the HMD is in use by the user.

US 20170351958

Title: BRAIN ACTIVITY PREDICTION

Assignee: UNIVERSITAT ZURICH (Zurich, CH) 

UNIVERSITY OF FRIBOURG (Fribourg, CH)

Publication Date: 7 Dec 2017

Abstract:  

A method for estimating a brain activity response following a stimulus of a person comprises the steps: providing a usage data set of the person from a personal device used by said person, wherein at least one usage attribute is associated to said usage data set, wherein attribute data is associated to each of the at least one usage attribute, providing a computational inference model, generated from a plurality of brain activity data sets and a plurality of usage data sets, wherein each brain activity data set comprises data derived from a brain activity response following a sensory stimulus, submitting the attribute data of each of the at least one usage attributes to said computational inference model, estimating a brain activity response following a sensory stimulus of said person by evaluating said computational inference model for the submitted attribute data. The method is useful to determine, for example the influence of intensive touch pad usage (of a smartphone) on somatosensory evoked potentials.

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Innovation & market adaptation way ahead for renewables, say experts

Adapting to market demands and innovation will be the way forward for clean energy sources and technologies, experts from India and Japan said at the Global Partnership Summit here on Monday. The panel of experts was discussing the theme of ‘Clean Energy Sources and Technology’, especially the role of solar energy in India’s renewable energy expansion plan.

The discussion saw the participation of Masatsugu Shimono, Vice Chairman, IBM, Japan; Taishi Sugiyama, Senior Research Fellow, The Canon Institute for Global Studies; Aishwarya Kachhal, Indus Towers Limited and Prity Khastgir, Founder & CEO, Tech Corp International Strategist (TCIS). The session was moderated by Pranav Mehta, Founder Chairman, National Solar Energy Federation of India.

Setting the tone for the discussion, Mehta stressed that renewable energy has figured prominently in the Paris climate accord that has been ratified by 170 countries till now. He pointed out that while the developed countries were leading renewable energy production a few years back, China has now sped ahead by becoming the world’s top solar energy producer, ahead of United States of America, Germany and Japan. India is the sixth largest producer of solar energy and a recent report by consulting firm Bridge to India said that India’s solar energy capacity is expected to touch 20GW or 20,000 MW by the end of 2017-18 financial year. Currently, around 22% of India’s power comes from renewable energy sources, Mehta said.

Mehta added that there is also an urgent need for energy efficiency as conventional energy production sees significant loss during generation, distribution, storage and use.

Meanwhile, researcher Taishi Sugiyama said that in the coming years, electric vehicles, self-driven cars and car sharing are going to be major contributors in cutting carbon emissions. “Carbon dioxide emissions can be reduced up to 100% and can also bring a host of economic benefits,” said Sugiyama.

The panelists also emphasized RE’s impact on social innovation, health and livelihoods of people. Keeping in mind the present growth rate of the economy, the energy needs are expected to double in the next 6 to 7 years. To meet these needs, solar harvesting and big data analytics will play a pivotal role, said Prity Khastgir.

The Global Partnership Summit has evolved from the India Japan Global Partnership and the three-day event will see participation of over 200 speakers including central government ministers, industry leaders, academicians and social entrepreneurs. They will speak on issues such as clean energy, urban development, mobility, health and education among others.

Source:http://www.dnaindia.com/business/report-innovation-market-adaptation-way-ahead-for-renewables-say-experts-2566884

Battery electric vehicle, brand trademark, Fuel cell vehicles, Hybrid-electric vehicles, Machine Learning, Make in India, MARKET ENTRY strategy, Plug-in hybrid

Electric vehicles and the Future

Electric vehicles and the Future 

The popularity of electric vehicles has shot up over the last few years with a great shift in the public’s attitude towards electric vehicles and a constantly improving public recharging system. Electric cars and trucks are powered by electricity and are cleaner and cheaper to drive than conventional vehicles.  With a rapid increase in the use of personal vehicles around the world, the demand for fuel is also increasing. Transportation accounts for about one-fifth of global energy use, and passenger vehicles account for about ten percent of energy-related carbon dioxide emissions. In such a scenario, electric vehicles hold significant potential for increasing energy security, cutting emissions and improving local air quality.

Electric vehicles is a broad term that refers to a wide range of cars and other vehicles. However electric vehicles are of following types:

  1. Hybrid-electric vehicles are powered by an internal combustion engine system with an electric propulsion system to reduce fuel consumption and tailpipe emissions. These advanced vehicles cut fuel use and costs while maintaining performance, protecting public health and the environment.
  2. Plug-in hybrids are hybrids with high capacity batteries that can be charged by plugging them into an electrical outlet or charging station for short-range travel on battery power alone.
  3. Battery electric vehicle run entirely on battery power, utilizing chemical energy stored in rechargeable battery packs thereby producing zero tailpipe emissions. They are recharged from an electrical outlet.
  4. Fuel cell vehicles uses a fuel cell instead of an electrical battery. Fuel cell electric vehicles are powered by hydrogen. Unlike conventional vehicles which run on gasoline or diesel, fuel cell vehicles combine hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity, which runs a motor.

Electric vehicles have several advantages over conventional vehicles like electric vehicles are energy efficient and environment friendly providing performance benefits and reduced energy dependence. However the market of electric vehicles is still developing, and there are many battery related challenges, particularly with technology integration, optimization, and scale-up.

Recent Patents filed in the electric vehicle market:

WO/2017/213838

Title: ALL ELECTRIC VEHICLE WITHOUT PLUG-IN REQUIREMENT

Assignee: WELSCHOFF, Heinz (1820 NE 56th Court, Fort Lauderdale, FL, FL, US)

Publication Date: 14 Dec 2017

Abstract:

An electric powered vehicle includes a battery pack capable of storing electric energy, A fuel engine operated with a clean fuel. A generator or alternator 126 having communication with the engine, and supply electric energy to the electric driving motor A starter of the fuel engine activates when a sensed charge of the battery pack falls to or below the DMF value. Included is a second 128 and third generator or alternator 130 in communication with the fuel engine during periods when no electrical communication exists between the EDM and the battery pack. The second and third generators maintain an electrical output to the battery pack until the battery packs are fully charged. Included is a rear generator or alternator 152 in communication with a rear drive shaft assembly, or differential, including a level orientation sensor and a rotational velocity sensor communication between an output of such communication enabled upon any downhill motion of the vehicle above a predetermined operational velocity determined by the velocity sensor. A second rear generator 156 is controlled by an accelerator pedal, rpm sensor, electric clutch and is activated when no pressure is applied by a driver upon the accelerator pedal, permitting charging of the battery pack by the second rear generator 156 only upon a condition of zero acceleration. A third rear generator 300 is activated by the brake pedal and brake pedal switch does charge the battery packs 102/104.

WO/2017/211793

Title: ELECTRIC POWERTRAIN, TRANSMISSION, AND VEHICLE

Assignee: PUNCH POWERTRAIN N.V. (Industriezone Schurhovenveld 4125, 3800 Sint-Truiden, 3800, BE)

Publication Date: 14 Dec 2017

Abstract:

The present disclosure relates to a powertrain (K) for driving a vehicle (C). The powertrain (K) comprises two powertrain modules (Y,Y’) comprising each a rotating machine (M,M’) and a transmission (T,T’). The transmissions (T,T’) are arranged to align their respective output shafts (S2,S2′) towards a common wheel axis (A1) for driving a pair of opposite wheels of the vehicle (C). The first rotating axis (A3), the second rotating axis (A3) and a central axis (A0) of the powertrain K are parallel and offset with respect to the each other and the first rotating axis (A3) and the second rotating axis (A3′) are mirror-symmetrically offset on opposite sides of the central axis (A0). In this way a compact and versatile design is achieved.

WO/2017/213850

Title: RESPONSE AMPLITUDE MODIFICATION FOR HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE MISFIRE DETECTIONS

Assignee: FCA US LLC (1000 Chrysler Drive, Auburn Hills, Michigan, 48326, US)

Publication Date: 14 Nov 2017

Abstract:

Misfire detection techniques for a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) including an internal combustion engine and an electric motor involve utilizing a crankshaft speed sensor configured to generate a crankshaft speed signal indicative of a rotational speed of a crankshaft of the engine that is coupled to the electric motor via a flywheel. The techniques also utilize a controller configured to control the electric motor to provide a vibrational response to dampen disturbances to the crankshaft, receive the crankshaft speed signal, selectively modify the crankshaft speed signal to obtain a modified crankshaft speed signal, and detect a misfire of the engine based on the modified crankshaft speed signal and a set of thresholds including at least one of a negative misfire threshold and a positive vibrational response threshold.

US 20170355272

Title: IN-VEHICLE STRUCTURE OF ELECTRIC-POWER CONVERTER

Assignee: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA (Toyota-shi, JP)

Publication Date: 14 Dec 2017

Abstract:

In an in-vehicle structure described in the present specification, an electric-power converter is fixed onto a transaxle and positioned in front of a cowl top. The electric-power converter includes a capacitor configured to restrain a high-frequency fluctuation in a voltage of electric power supplied from a battery, and a discharge circuit configured to discharge the capacitor. A connector (a signal connector) to which a wiring harness for communication of a discharge instruction signal to operate the discharge circuit at a time of a collision is connected is provided on a side face of the electric-power converter, the side face of the electric-power converter being facing in a vehicle width direction.

US 9843234

Title: Electric machine for a vehicle, in particular for a utility vehicle, and method for protection against ingress of water

Assignee: MAN Truck & Bus AG (Munich, DE)

Publication Date: 12 Dec 2017

Abstract:

An electric machine for a vehicle, in particular for a utility vehicle, includes a rotor mounted rotatably on a shaft and a stator surrounding the rotor, at least one device of the electric machine located in at least one pressure chamber which is subjected at least intermittently to an overpressure which is elevated with respect to the ambient pressure. The over pressure in at least one pressure chamber protects against ingress of water

US 9843187

Title: System and method for aggregating electric vehicle loads for demand response events

Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd. (Tokyo, JP)

Publication Date: 12 Dec 2017

Abstract:

A computer-implemented method for aggregating electric vehicle loads for demand response events includes receiving a demand response (DR) event request from a utility system indicative of a DR event for an area. The DR event request includes at least one event parameter for participation in the DR event. The method includes determining a first original equipment manufacturer (OEM) DR event load for the area based on the DR event request and charging data received from electric vehicles associated with a first OEM. Upon determining the first original OEM DR event load does not meet the at least one event parameter, the method includes aggregating charging data from electric vehicles associated with a second OEM with the first OEM DR event load to determine an aggregated DR load for the area.

US 9840164

Title: Electric vehicle

Assignee: SUZUKI MOTOR CORPORATION (Hamamatsu-Shi, Shizuoka-Ken, JP)

Publication Date: 12 Dec 2017

Abstract:

An electric vehicle capable of efficiently and reliably cooling a power converter disposed inside an exterior. An electric vehicle includes a frame extending in a longitudinal direction, a power converter being long in the longitudinal direction along the frame, and an exterior extending in the longitudinal direction to cover the frame and the power converter, the exterior defining a cooling air path between the power converter to allow cooling air to flow through the cooling air path along the longitudinal direction. The power converter extends in the longitudinal direction in the cooling air path, and includes a plurality of heat radiation fins protruding toward an inner surface of the exterior, and the exterior includes an air induction port provided at a front end of the cooling air path to allow travelling wind to flow into the cooling air path.

how to patent a business idea in india how to legally protect a business idea

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Balancing PATENTS & Affordable DRUGS

Pharma Sector in India is caught in the debate over the enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) and access to affordable medicines. Affordable drugs are necessary and is a matter of great concern for the healthcare system. There is a need to refine the Drug policy in India in the light of growing concerns about patent filing in the pharma sector and access to cheap medicines.

Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights encourages companies to invest in research and development. Most companies invest in research and development so that they can reap profits from the product developed. Patenting the product or process ensures that others do not replicate the concerned product to gain a share of the potential profits. But the critics of enforcement of intellectual property rights in the pharma sector argue that patents encourage monopolies. The pharmaceutical companies who patent drugs can sell those drugs at quite high prices because of no competition involved in the marketing of the drug.

The incomplete understanding of intellectual property rights (IPRs) is the real issue that India’s drug industry is facing. Currently, only 5% of medicines used in India are said to be patent-protected. Breakthrough therapies are being developed in the world but why these therapies are not made available to India but are being introduced in other countries?

It is observed that the new drugs and therapies encounter delay in marketing approval in India despite their global launch. Moreover the new drugs that are launched in India are produced and sold as generic versions by Indian manufacturers within one year of their introduction. Generic medicines are the copies of brand name counterparts of drugs originally developed by other companies. The rapid appearance of generic versions of medicines and delays in marketing approval display a lack of faith in the patent regime.

Patents are important in innovative sectors like pharmaceutical industry as they provide incentives for companies to invest in those sectors. Investment in innovation, research and development is an essential component of supporting an innovative and enterprising economy.

In order to link medical innovation with affordable treatment  a supportive role by the Government is required. The government should design a price-control mechanism without tampering the grant of patents. The government should deploy tools to reduce uncertainty in Intellectual Property Rights and to build an ecosystem that promotes medical innovation. We must achieve a balance between the current and future needs of patients and the timely introduction of existing and new pharmaceutical drugs.

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Innovation in the Mining Sector

India is a mineral rich country. The Mining Industry contributes significantly to the economy of India and provides basic raw materials to many important industries.  The distribution of minerals in India is uneven and many areas are yet to be fully explored. Exploration activities in India are mostly carried out by Geological Survey of India (GSI), Mining Exploration Corporation Limited (MECL), various State Directorates of Geological Mining (DGMs), public sector undertakings (PSU) and private sector entities both domestic and subsidiaries of many global companies.

India total land area 3.2875 million sq. km out of which, GSI has identified 0.571 million sq. km. as Obvious Geological Potential (OGP) area for minerals.

What are the reasons to invest in Mining Sector?

India has vast mineral potential  and Under the “Make In India Initiative” there is an ease of doing business in India.

For the companies interested in mining or for the raw material for their industry, Mining Lease & Licence grant  is done through auctions.

An Inter-ministerial Group facilitator is established by law for expediting the clearances and approvals in India.

The Geological Survey of India (GSI) has identified about 100 blocks for the exploration companies to venture into the revenue share model as enabled by the National Mineral Exploration Policy, 2016.

Mining leases in India are granted for longer and stable tenure of 50 years.

The demand for various metals and minerals is growing substantially. The recent innovations in the mining sector in US are:

US 9638017 B2

Title: Batch solution mining using lithological displacement of an evaporite mineral stratumand mineral dissolution with stationary solvent

Assignee: SOLVAY SA (Brussels, BE)

Publication Date: 2 May 2017

Abstract:

Batch initiation and/or exploitation phases of in situ solution mining of a mineral from an underground evaporite mineral stratum. The initiation phase may comprise a lifting step which employs a lithological displacement (lifting) of this stratum from an underlying non-evaporite stratum with application at the strata interface of a lifting hydraulic pressure greater than overburden pressure by a solvent suitable to dissolve the mineral; a soaking step for dissolution of mineral upon contact with stationary solvent, and a brine extraction step. The method may further comprise one or more exploitation phases carried out after the initiation phase. The exploitation phase may comprise a partial filing or filling step with the same solvent or different solvent than during lifting, another soaking step, and another brine extraction step. The lifting, cavity partial filing/filling, and brine extraction steps are being discontinuous. The evaporite mineral stratum preferably comprises trona.

2.) US 9822013 B1

Title: Selective mining enhanced recovery process

Assignee: Innovare Technologies Ltd. (Carlyle, CA)

Publication Date: 21 Nov 2017

Abstract:

Some embodiment of the present disclosure include a method and method for recovery of solution mined minerals. The method may include creating superheated steam using a steam boiler; passing the superheated steam through a turbine/generator to generate electricity; reheating the steam exiting the turbine/generator to saturation with a steam reheater; using the saturated steam with an absorption chiller to create chilled water; and recovering minerals using the chilled water in a cooling crystallizer system. In embodiments, the method and system may be used to recover minerals, such as potash (KCl), washing soda (Na2CO3.10H2O); nahcolite (NaHCO3); and glauber salt (NaSO4.10H2O). The method may utilize the trigeneration of steam, electrical, and chilled water utilities, which may be used for a recovery process.

3). US 9803458 B2

Title: Solution mining using subterranean drilling techniques

Assignee: TRONOX ALKALI WYOMING CORPORATION (Stamford, CT, US)

Publication Date: 31 Oct 2017

Abstract:

A method of solution mining a subterranean mineral ore deposit such as trona ore in which a borehole is drilled from a subterranean mechanically-worked mineral ore mining operation to connect a mineral ore bed to be solution mined, using subterranean drilling apparatus located proximate to the mechanically-worked mineral ore mining operation. The mineral ore bed is isolated from the mechanically-worked mineral ore mining operation by passage of the drilled borehole through an impermeable layer adjacent to the mineral ore bed to be solution mined. The mineral ore bed is then solution-mined using a mining solvent introduced into the mineral ore bed to solubilize the mineral and form a mining solution, and the resulting mining solution is withdrawn from the mineral ore bed.

4). US 20170325052 A1

Title: Method and Apparatus for Protecting a Miner

Assignee: Strata Products Worldwide, LLC (Sandy Springs, GA, US)

Publication Date: 9 Nov 2017

Abstract:

An apparatus for protecting a miner from injury by a machine in a mine includes an explosion-proof housing. The apparatus includes a proximity sensing portion disposed in the explosion-proof housing having a magnetic field source which produces a magnetic field that is used to sense a location of the miner relative to the machine. The apparatus includes a wireless communication portion disposed in the explosion-proof housing through which the magnetic field produced by the magnetic field source is changed remotely and wirelessly from outside the explosion-proof housing. A method for protecting a miner from injury by a machine. A system for protecting a miner from injury by a machine in a mine

5). US 20170291178 A1

Title: SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR COLLECTING HEAVY MINERALS

Assignee: Vortex Technology, LLC (Reno, NV, US)

Publication Date: 12 Oct 2017

Abstract:

The invention relates to a method and system for the environmental remediation of materials that are contaminated with heavy minerals, such as heavy metals. The invention finds utility in removing heavy minerals from materials such as soils, sediments, mine tailings and ores. The invention provides a means for removing heavy minerals from contaminated materials without the use of water while reducing the generation of dust. Thus, the invention provides an environmentally friendly method for the remediation of sites that are contaminated with heavy minerals.

The recent patents filed in the mining sector in India are:

201727036276

Title: MODIFIED MINERAL BASED FILLER COMPRISING COPPER SALTS

Assignee: OMYA INTERNATIONAL AG

Omya is a leading global producer of industrial minerals, mainly fillers and pigments derived from calcium carbonate and dolomite, and a worldwide distributor of specialty chemicals.

Publication Date: 12 Oct 2017

Abstract:

The present invention relates to a modified mineral based filler comprising at least one alkaline earth metal carbonate comprising material and at least one water insoluble copper salt comprising the copper mineral malachite in an amount of at least 10 wt. % which covers at least partially the surface of the at least one alkaline earth metal carbonate comprising material and a method of producing the same.

2). 201737036976  

Title: JAW CRUSHER MINERAL MATERIAL PROCESSING PLANT AND METHOD FOR PROCESSING MINERAL MATERIAL

Assignee: METSO MINERALS INC.

Metso Minerals Industries, Inc. manufactures and offers equipment, services, and process solutions to quarrying and aggregates production, mining and mineral processing, construction contractors and civil engineering industries.

Publication Date:  17 Oct 2017

Abstract:  

A jaw crusher a mineral material processing plant and a method for processing mineral material. The jaw crusher (100) comprises a fixed jaw and a movable jaw for forming a crushing chamber (3) therebetween which is open at the top the fixed jaw comprising a first wear part (1 ) mounted thereto and the movable jaw comprising a pitman (4) and a second wear part (2) mounted thereto; wherein the pitman (4) is rotatably mounted to a first eccentric shaft (8). The pitman (4) is further rotatably mounted to second eccentric shaft 9 configured to guide the stroke of the movable jaw to create a movement pattern with a substantially linear crushing stroke wherein the eccentricity of the second eccentric shaft (9) is larger than that of the first eccentric shaft.

3). 201717023428

Title: PLANT AND METHOD FOR RECOVERING METALS AND/OR METAL OXIDES FROM INDUSTRIAL PROCESS WASTE IN PARTICULAR REFINERY WASTE

Assignee: SAIPEM S.P.A.

SAIPEM is one of the global leader in drilling services, as well as in the engineering, procurement, construction and installation of pipelines and complex projects, onshore and offshore, in the oil & gas market.

Publication Date: 29 Sept 2017

Abstract:

A plant (1) for recovering metals and/or metal oxides from industrial process waste in particular oil product refining waste comprises a furnace (2); a feed line (30) connected to a main inlet (12) of the furnace for feeding the furnace with a solid waste containing metals in particular in oxide form; an outlet line (18) connected to a solid phase outlet (17) of the furnace for drawing a metal enriched solid phase out of the furnace; the furnace is a belt conveyor furnace (2) having a belt conveyor (9) closed in a loop with a substantially horizontal configuration and having a top face (11) which receives the waste to treat and conveys it between two longitudinal opposite ends (7 8) of the belt conveyor furnace (2) respectively provided with the main inlet (12) and the solid phase outlet (17).

4.) 201747012798

Title: AN UNDERGROUND MINING SYSTEM FOR REDUCED COSTS IMPROVED EFFICIENCIES HIGHER PRODUCTIVITY AND A SAFER WORKING ENVIRONMENT THROUGH PENETRATED BLOCK EXTRACTION

Assignee: UNDERGROUND EXTRACTION TECHNOLOGIES PTY LTD

Publication Date: 21 April 2017

Abstract:

The present invention relates to a mining method including the step of forming one or more sets of gate roads. Each set of gate roads includes at least two headings typically for providing and retuning ventilation. Dead end plunge cuts extend from the sets of gate roads. Each plunge cut is formed with a continuous miner coupled to a flexible conveyor system. Each plunge cut is greater than 30 metres in length. Advantageously narrow elongate pillars may be left between adjacent plunge cuts thereby resulting in greater material removal per volume and improved operating costs when compared with bord and pillar mining.

5). US 201717031232

Title: PROCESS FOR REMOVING HEAVY METALS FROM HYDROCARBONS

Assignee:  PETROLIAM NASIONAL BERHAD (PETRONAS)

Petroliam Nasional Berhad (PETRONAS) is Malaysia’s fully integrated oil and gas multinational ranked among the largest corporations on FORTUNE Global 500®.

Publication Date: 4 Sept 2017

Abstract:

This invention provides a process for removing mercury, from a mercury-containing hydrocarbon fluid. More specifically, the invention relates to a process for for the removal of mercury from a mercury-containing hydrocarbon fluid feed comprising the steps of: (i) contacting the mercury-containing hydrocarbon fluid feed with a metal perhalide having the following formula: [M]+[X]- wherein: [M]+ represents one or more metal cations wherein the metal has an atomic number greater than 36; an atomic radius of at least 50 pm and a 1st ionization energy of less than 750 kJ mol-1; [X]- represents one or more perhalide anions; and (ii) obtaining a hydrocarbon fluid product having a reduced mercury content compared to mercury-containing hydrocarbon fluid feed.

Agriculture, Agroindustry; Chemical Industry; Construction, Mining, Transport; Electrical, Electronics, Telecommunications; Energy; Environment; Food; Industrial Logistics, Services; Measurement, Cont, Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) and herbal products, Ayurvedic medicine, biotechnology patent attorney, Business Administration, Business Models, Business Networking, Business Owner, Business Plans, Business Relationships, Business Strategy, Business-To-Business, IPR Companies, Digital Agencies, Ecommer, healthcare business in India, homoeopathy, Innovation In the Wellness Sector, Liscence and exchange of technology, Patent in technology, tech corp legal, Wellness Sector

Innovation In the Wellness Sector

Lately, there is an escalation in the number of medical cases due to an unhealthy lifestyle, absence of physical workouts, and non-conventional food habits. This makes the Indian wellness industry, a very big prospect in terms of revenue and target market. India has an unmatched heritage represented by its ancient systems of medicine. Indian systems of medicine and homoeopathy particularly Ayurveda and Yoga are widely recognised for their comprehensive approach to health and are effective in both prevention as well as curation of a disease.

India is the second largest exporter of Ayurvedic and alternative medicine in the world with the wellness market of worth INR 490 Billion. The demand for Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) and herbal products is surging in India and abroad. India has 6200 indigenous herbal plants and its vast reservoir of natural flora, fauna, ancient texts and knowledge have made it an authority in the field of AYUSH. The country’s vast AYUSH infrastructure comprises of 736,538 registered practitioners, 26,107 dispensaries and 3167 hospitals in public sector, 501 undergraduate colleges with annual intake of 28,018 students, 151 centres for postgraduate[ education with annual admission of 3504 scholars and 8896 licensed drug manufacturing units.

The Government of India has set up a dedicated Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) with the aim of providing stimulus to the ancient healthcare system. The Indian system of Ayurvedic medicine and homoeopathy continue to be widely used. The recent patents filed in the wellness industry in India are:

1). 201617032677

Title: SYSTEMS METHODS AND ARTICLES FOR ENHANCING WELLNESS ASSOCIATED WITH HABITABLE ENVIRONMENTS

Assignee: DELOS LIVING LLC

Publication Date: 20 Jan 2017

Abstract:

Environmental characteristics of habitable environments (e.g. hotel or motel rooms spas resorts cruise boat cabins offices hospitals and/or homes apartments or residences) are controlled to eliminate reduce or ameliorate adverse or harmful aspects and introduce increase or enhance beneficial aspects in order to improve a “wellness” or sense of “wellbeing” provided via the environments. Control of intensity and wavelength distribution of passive and active Illumination addresses various issues symptoms or syndromes for instance to maintain a circadian rhythm or cycle adjust for “jet lag” or season affective disorder etc.. Air quality and attributes are controlled. Scent(s) may be dispersed. Noise is reduced and sounds (e.g. masking music natural) may be provided. Environmental and biometric feedback is provided. Experimentation and machine learning are used to improve health outcomes and wellness standards.

2). 201711021610

Title: A SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REAL TIME ASSESSMENT OF WELLNESS AND HEALTH INSURANCE

Assignee: eExpedise Technologies Private Limited

Publication Date: 4 Aug 2017

Abstract:

The present invention provides an integrated system to expedite the risk assessment process at the time of issuance of policy, and determine the premium based on several preventive care initiatives of individuals at the time of issuing health insurance policy, wherein the system identifies list of options for services, provides a score, makes a decision on issuance of policy, calculates the premium amount and relays the information to a user or proposer. Further, the system provides services selected from the group consisting of details of service provider, underwriting, claim adjudication, suspicious profile management, wellness advisory, predictive analysis, cost of the service based on health records and the user selects at least one option from provided list of options.

3). 201727033542

Title: METHOD FOR STRESS MANAGEMENT AND OVERALL HEALTH STATUS IMPROVEMENT AND COMPOSITIONS USED THEREIN

Assignee: OMNIACTIVE HEALTH TECHNOLOGIES LIMITED

Publication Date: 10 Nov 2017

Abstract:

Carotenoid compositions are described for management treatment and/or prevention of stress by reducing cortisol levels and/or improving distribution and/or density of macular pigment and thus improving overall health status. More particularly a subject in need thereof for the method has disturbed macular pigment optical density or increased levels of cortisol as markers of psychological and physiological stress. Methods are also described of administering macular carotenoid compositions in daily doses of at least or about 0.005mg/kg body weight of lutein and at least or about 0.001mg/kg body weight of meso zeaxanthin and zeaxanthin isomer along with at least one food grade excipient and evaluating overall health status. The composition may be derived from plant extract containing xanthophylls and/or xanthophylls esters. The composition also reduces cortisol levels in the blood and relieves physiological stress thus improving overall health status of a subject in need thereof.

4). 201747033855

Title: SYSTEM, DEVICE AND METHOD FOR REMOTELY MONITORING THE WELL BEING OF A USER WITH A WEARABLE DEVICE

Assignee: KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V

Publication Date: 6 Oct 2017

Abstract:

Systems devices methods for providing a speech pattern as a metric of well being system for remotely monitoring the wellbeing of a patient are disclosed. In one exemplary embodiment a system can include at least one wearable device that is configured to collect body sensor data and speech pattern data associated with a patient wearing the device and analyze the data to determine if the patient’s emotional well being is compromised. In some exemplary embodiments the wearable device can be configured to send an alert to at least one caregiver device that indicates the patient’s emotional well being is compromised. The wearable device can also be configured to send recommendations on courses of action to alleviate the condition.

5). 201727025770

Title: BEHAVIORAL ANALYSIS TO AUTOMATE DIRECT AND INDIRECT LOCAL MONITORING OF INTERNET OF THINGS DEVICE HEALTH

Assignee:  QUALCOMM INCORPORATED

Publication Date: 29 Sept 2017

Abstract:

The disclosure generally relates to behavioral analysis to automate monitoring Internet of Things (IoT) device health in a direct and/or indirect manner. In particular normal behavior associated with an IoT device in a local IoT network may be modeled such that behaviors observed at the IoT device may be compared to the modeled normal behavior to determine whether the behaviors observed at the IoT device are normal or anomalous. Accordingly in a distributed IoT environment more powerful “analyzer” devices can collect behaviors locally observed at other (e.g. simpler) “observer” devices and conduct behavioral analysis across the distributed IoT environment to detect anomalies potentially indicating malicious attacks malfunctions or other issues that require customer service and/or further attention. Furthermore devices with sufficient capabilities may conduct (local) on device behavioral analysis to detect anomalous conditions without sending locally observed behaviors to another aggregator device and/or analyzer device.

6). 201717026255

Title: EXERCISE DEVICE

Assignee: TE3 OY

Publication Date: 17 Nov 2017

Abstract:

The invention relates to a device (100) for performing exercises comprising a housing (105) a deviation sensor (140) for detecting a deviation of said housing (105) from an equilibrium and a control unit (110) coupled to said deviation sensor (140) arranged to count deviations from the equilibrium.

7). 201717031179

Title: METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR REAL TIME VISUALIZATION OF INDIVIDUAL HEALTH CONDITION ON A MOBILE DEVICE

Assignee: RATH Matthias W.

Publication Date: 24 Nov 2017

Abstract:

A method and technology to display 3D graphical output for a user using body sensor data personal medical data in real time is disclosed. A consolidated methodology to bring user meaningful life information based on real time sensor results analysis expert Q&As “What if scenarios and future emulation all in one artificial intelligence expert system is described. A unique rendering of 3D image of ones organ cell or subcellular level display related to one’s health condition can be visualized on a graphical user interface of a devices or devices. The change of the display from one level such as from organ to cell or cell to subcellular level or vice versa is enabled is disclosed.