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Innovations utilizing Haptic technology


“Haptics”- The ability to see, hear, or become aware of something that result from any form of interaction involving touch or the sense of touch. With the aim to recreate the sense of touch via a haptic device, haptic technology has opened up a myriad of possibilities from vibrating cell phones that alert you to an incoming message or call, to smart watches, wristbands, virtual reality training simulators, implantable devices that produce feedback and even in robotic surgeries.

Haptic devices incorporate microcontrollers, drivers, actuators or motors, as well as software for multimodal experiences that improve the usability by engaging touch, sound and sight. Haptics is widely becoming a tool used in a variety of applications they can be found in virtual reality applications to give a greater sense of realism or create a 3D environment. The haptic technology has been found in smartphones and computer and video games for many years but the innovations utilizing haptic technology is now integrating haptic technology into healthcare, transportation, robotics etc.  

Some of the recent patents based on haptic technology:

1.US 9829995

Title: Eye tracking to move the cursor within view of a pilot

Assignee: Rockwell Collins, Inc. (Cedar Rapids, IA, US)

Publication Date: 28 Nov 2017


The present disclosure is directed to a method for managing a location of a cursor on a display. The method may include the step of receiving an input from a user. The method may also include the step of detecting a gaze of the user within the display. The method may also include the step of displaying the cursor on the display within the gaze of the user.



Assignee: Barelli, Giuseppe (Via Baldanzese 127/b, 50041 Calenzano (FI), IT)

Publication Date: 13 Dec 2017


This abstract is provided to introduce a selection of concepts in a simplified form that are further described below in the Detailed System Description section. The abstract is not intended to identify key features of the claimed subject matter. Disclosed in this paper is a vehicle performance control device conceived to autonomously determine a safe, economic and eco-sustainable driving behaviour to reduce the mechanical stress, the wear and the maintenance cost of vehicles. The invention provides a vehicle performance control device arranged between the vehicle’s Pedal Interface (PI) including the cruise control, the speed limitation and the speed control systems, or a combination of these, and the vehicle’s Electronic Control Unit (ECU). The control device autonomously and dynamically acts on the functional status of the cruise control, the speed limitation or the speed control system to modulate the vehicle’s performance. The performance is tuned depending on the current vehicle’s position, speed, acceleration, inclination and pose respect to the ground. For example, the vehicle’s max speed can be limited in specific geographic areas or during specific time intervals when the driver is supposed to drive improperly, excessively were off the vehicle, or parts of it, or stress the mechanics. The performance limitation can be turned off manually by the drivers for safety reasons, remotely by fleet’s managers or fleet’s management systems , or automatically by the system whenever the context requires the entire engine power to get the vehicle working properly. For example the engine performance will be not limited if the vehicle gets in an uphill over a certain inclination threshold to avoid stops due to torque outages. The control device embeds a communication unit able to connect to the internet, exchange data with personal computers, diagnostic tools or personal devices such as smartphones and tablets. The control device provides all the useful information for the estimation of the vehicle’s status, the driver’s behaviours and the induced mechanical stress and wear off. The communication unit is intended to exchange data for the monitoring of the vehicle’s status, its performance and for the tuning of the control unit’s strategy. The communication can be automatically scheduled by the system itself, attempted by the remote fleet’s managers or the fleet’s management systems, or performed by humans operators or the connected remote devices on requests. A human machine interface provides visual, acoustic or haptic feedbacks, or a combination of these, to the driver on the status of the control device, the estimated level of wear or mechanical stress induced on the vehicle or part of the vehicle, the drive safety, efficiency and the eco-sustainability.

3. US 9811818

Title: Wearable personal digital device for facilitating mobile device payments and personal use

Assignee: WORLD AWARD ACADEMY (Austin, TX, US),

WORLD AWARD FOUNDATION (Austin, TX, US)                 


Publication Date: 7 Nov 2017


Provided is a wearable personal digital device for point of healthcare saliva testing. The wearable personal digital device may comprise a processor, a display, biometric sensors, activity tracking sensors, a memory unit, a communication circuit, a housing, an input unit, a projector, a timepiece unit, a haptic touch control actuator, a band, a mounting clip, a saliva sample insert apparatus, a pinhole, a light emitting diode board, a battery, and a set of sensors. The processor may be operable to receive data from an external device, provide a notification to a user based on the data, receive a user input, and perform a command selected based on the user input. The housing may be adapted to enclose the components of the wearable personal digital device. The band may be adapted to attach to the housing and secure the wearable personal digital device on a user body.

4.US 9746847

Title: Operating arrangement

Assignee: Continental Automotive GmbH (Hannover, DE)

Publication Date: 29 Aug 2017


An operator control device includes an operator control element configured to provide haptic feedback to an operator. The operator control element is activatable by an input member of the operator and has: a first planar component; and a second planar component oriented in parallel with the first planar component, the first and second planar components being movable relative to one another. The first and second planar components are guidable between a position of rest and an activation position while maintaining their parallel orientation with respect to one another. In the activation position the distance between the first and second planar components is smaller than in the position of rest. The first and second planar components are spring loaded in the position of rest.

5.US 20170349119


Assignee: Eiland, Donald Curtis (Milpitas, CA, US)

Publication Date: 7 Dec 2017


The present invention relates generally to illuminated display devices and methods of displaying indicia, advertisements, etc. on a changeable illuminated display. The display device comprises a frame structure, a plurality of openings formed in the frame structure, the plurality of openings comprising first and second open spaces disposed at top and bottom positions, respectively, of the frame structure, and the plurality of openings further comprising a third open space disposed between the first and second open spaces. The display device further comprises a compact image display device operable to display an image, the compact image display device held and positioned relative to the frame structure such that first, second, and third different portions of the image, when displayed by the compact image display device, are visible through the plurality of openings first, second, and third open spaces, respectively. Additionally, control circuitry is coupled to the compact image display device.

6.US 9563266

Title: Haptic augmented and virtual reality system for simulation of surgical procedures

Assignee: IMMERSIVE TOUCH, INC. (Westmont, IL, US)

Publication Date: 7 Feb 2017


The present technology relates to systems, methods and devices for haptically-enabled virtual reality simulation of cerebral aneurysm clipping, wherein a user uses two physical stations during the simulation. The first station is a haptic and augmented reality station, and the second station is a haptic and virtual reality station.

7.US 9679546

Title: Sound vest

Assignee: Not Impossible LLC (Venice, CA, US)

Publication Date: 13 June 2017


Vibratory motors are used to generate a haptic language for music or other sound that is integrated into wearable technology. The disclosed system enables the creation of a family of devices that allow people with hearing impairments to experience sounds such as music or other auditory input to the system. For example, a “sound vest” transforms musical input to haptic signals so that users can experience their favorite music in a unique way, and can also recognize auditory cues in the user’s everyday environment and convey this information to the user using haptic signals.

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Role of Mediation in patent infringement disputes


Mediation is a potentially efficient and cost-effective alternative to traditional litigation and arbitration. The use of mediation has become increasingly popular in several areas of dispute resolution and one such area is that of intellectual property (IP).

As the field of Intellectual property is vast, here the importance of mediation as an alternative to both litigation and arbitration in patent infringement disputes is discussed.

A patent can be defined as a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention typically for 20 years during which the product or process cannot be exploited by others.

Patent disputes typically arise when patent rights are breached i.e Patent infringement occurs when a third party makes, uses, sells, offers to sell a patented invention without the patent owner’s permission. The scope of the patented invention or the extent of protection is defined in the claims of the granted patent. Therefore, patent infringement disputes involve courts interpreting and evaluating the claims of a patent on which the protection is sought. This is a complex procedure and the litigation process often become expensive and complicated. In the defense of infringement party allegedly responds with a counterclaim of patent invalidity and a defendant involved in patent litigation may ask to reexamine the patent being litigated. During re-examination the court will reconsider the validity of original patent and whether it meets the statutory requirements of novelty, inventiveness and non-obviousness. If a defendant successfully pleads the defence of a patent the patent owner will lose not only the case but also the patent itself.  

Alternatively, mediation in patent infringement disputes can save time and money by avoiding the interpretation and reinterpretation of patent claims. Also, mediation removes the risk of patent invalidation and promotes creative solution in patent disputes. Moreover, unlike litigation, mediation process is confidential.  

For example- A company holding patent rights for a technology founds that its competing company is selling the same technology without any license. The concerned company threatens to file patent infringement case in all jurisdictions in which the company is holding patent rights. But the mounting cost of legal action would take a toll on the company and the litigation process is very time consuming. In such a situation, mediation is instrumental in transforming a hostile situation in which the parties were preparing to engage in prolonged and expensive litigation into one in which they were able to conclude an arrangement which suits the business interests of both parties and ensures the profitable use of the technology in the service of those interests.

Mediation is a great idea and can offer people a way of working things out without spending lots of money which could be better spent elsewhere to grow a business.

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Facebook v/s ConnectU Mediation Case study


The twin brothers- Tyler and Cameron Winklevoss claimed that Mark Zuckerberg stole the idea for Facebook from them and had brought Facebook against the Winklevoss’s company- ConnectU. The twin brothers initiated a law suit against Mr. Zuckerberg inorder to negotiate a settlement, accusing it of unfair business practices.

The district court in California ordered the parties to mediate.

Before the mediation began, both the parties signed a confidentiality agreement that stated that all statements made during mediation will not be made public and were inadmissible in any arbitral, judicial, or other proceeding. After all the arguments and discussions, a settlement agreement was signed that between both the parties and Winklevosses gave up ConnectU in return for cash and Facebook shares. The Settlement Agreement purported to end all disputes between the parties.

Just after signing the agreement, Winklevosses affirmed that there was a difference in their understanding of the value of the shares of Facebook that they had agreed to accept and that they had been defrauded (in violation of Section 10(b)-5) in the mediation. The twins claimed that Facebook led them to believe during the mediation discussions that Facebook’s share value was $35.90, even though Facebook’s internal tax valuation had determined its share value to be $8.88. Had they known about this valuation during the mediation, they claim, they would never have signed the Settlement Agreement.

Section 10(b)-5 is a regulation that deems it to be illegal for anybody to directly or indirectly use any measure to defraud, make false statements, omit relevant information or otherwise conduct operations of business that would deceive another person; in relation to conducting transactions involving stock and other securities. A party negotiating an exchange of shares to settle a lawsuit could violate Rule 10b-5 by misstating or hiding information that would materially change the other side’s evaluation of the settlement.

In support of these claims, the Winklevosses proffered evidence of what was said and not said during the mediation. However the statements were held inadmissible based on the confidentiality agreement signed by the parties that stated that “All statements made during the course of the mediation or in mediator follow-up thereafter at any time prior to complete settlement of the matter are privileged settlement discussions and are non-discoverable and inadmissible for any purpose including in any legal proceeding. Without such evidence, their securities claims must fail.

Further, the Winklevoss twins sought to invalidate the settlement agreement under Section 29(b) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 that voids any settlement agreement made in violation of Rule 10b-5. Winklevosses hired a team of lawyers and a financial advisor. Finally, the Court noted that the current valuation of Facebook appears to be three times what the Winklevosses were claiming they were entitled to demonstrating the value of settlement to be $160 million, that was mere $65 million at the time of the settlement.

However, a number of lessons can be learnt from this mediation case study. Whatever happens in mediation stays in mediation. Parties need to be sure that all essential information is included in the settlement agreement. The settlement agreement should be clearly-written. Since no statements made during mediation will be admissible and settlement agreement is the only admissible and enforceable document of mediation.

7 Simple Ways You Can Protect Your Idea From Theft

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Patenting Mind Control & Behaviour Modification Technology

Brain employs different control strategies. Mind or thought control can be defined as the inability of the human subjects to think autonomously. Initially mind control was considered a mere conspiracy theory but it is REAL!!

Companies like Microsoft and Facebook are coming up with “Brain -Computer Interfaces” which can help the users increase their concentration and think their way around a computer device, hands free.

The emerging discipline of network neuroscience and network control deals with modulating human brain network to treat cognitive deficits and /or enhance mental abilities. A lot of patents are being filed in this field.  



Assignee: FORSCHUNGSZENTRUM JÜLICH GMBH (Wilhelm-Johnen-Strasse, Jülich, 52425, DE)

Publication date: 29 Dec 2016


The invention relates to a device for stimulating neurons, comprising a stimulation unit, which can be implanted in the body of a patient and which has a plurality of stimulation elements for stimulating neurons in the brain and/or spinal cord of the patient with stimuli, and a control unit, which operates the stimulation unit during a first time interval and during a second time interval following the first time interval in different stimulation modes. The control unit controls the stimulation unit during at least 75% of the duration of the first time interval in a first stimulation mode such that the stimulation element repeatedly generate sequences of stimuli and the order in which the stimulation elements generate the stimuli within a sequence is constant for not more than 5 successively generated sequences and is then varied. The control unit controls the stimulation unit during at least 75% of the duration of the second time interval in a second stimulation mode such that the stimulation elements repeatedly generate sequences of stimuli and the order in which the stimulation elements generate the stimuli within a sequence is constant for at least 25 successively generated sequences and is then varied. The intensity of stimuli in the first stimulation mode is lower than or equal to a predetermined stimulus intensity and the intensity of stimuli in the second stimulation mode is at least 1.3 times the predetermined stimulus intensity.

US 20180012009


Assignee: Arctop, Inc. (San Francisco, CA, US)

Publication Date: 11 Jan 2018


A method for providing a brain computer interface that includes detecting a neural signal of a user in response to a calibration session having a time-locked component and a spontaneous component; generating a user-specific calibration model based on the neural signal; prompting the user to undergo a verification session, the verification session having a time-locked component and a spontaneous component; detecting a neural signal contemporaneously with delivery of the verification session; generating an output of the user-specific calibration model from the neural signal; based upon a comparison operation between processed outputs, determining an authentication status of the user; and performing an authenticated action.

US 20170368348







Publication Date: 28 Dec 2017


The present invention relates to methods and devices for consolidating memory and / or cognitive functions by monitoring brain dynamics and delivering a stimulus to the appropriate stage of sleep cycle.

US 9846483

Title: Headset with contactless electric field sensors for facial expression and cognitive state detection

Assignee: Oculus VR, LLC (Menlo Park, CA, US)

Publication Date: 19 Dec 2017


A head-mounted display (HMD) device includes a plurality of activity detection sensors coupled to a liner formed around a periphery of a HMD or a band attached to the HMD. The sensors attached to the liner are adopted for direct or indirect contact to an upper portion of a user’s face, and the sensors coupled to the band are adopted for direct or indirect contact with a back side of the user’s head. The activity detection sensors detect electrical field signals caused by muscle contractions in an upper portion of a user’s face or brain activity signals when the user is wearing the HMD. The HMD includes a module that reconstructs and projects a facial animation model of the user and a cognitive state of the user based on signals from the activity detection sensors while the HMD is in use by the user.

US 20170351958


Assignee: UNIVERSITAT ZURICH (Zurich, CH) 


Publication Date: 7 Dec 2017


A method for estimating a brain activity response following a stimulus of a person comprises the steps: providing a usage data set of the person from a personal device used by said person, wherein at least one usage attribute is associated to said usage data set, wherein attribute data is associated to each of the at least one usage attribute, providing a computational inference model, generated from a plurality of brain activity data sets and a plurality of usage data sets, wherein each brain activity data set comprises data derived from a brain activity response following a sensory stimulus, submitting the attribute data of each of the at least one usage attributes to said computational inference model, estimating a brain activity response following a sensory stimulus of said person by evaluating said computational inference model for the submitted attribute data. The method is useful to determine, for example the influence of intensive touch pad usage (of a smartphone) on somatosensory evoked potentials.

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Innovation & market adaptation way ahead for renewables, say experts

Adapting to market demands and innovation will be the way forward for clean energy sources and technologies, experts from India and Japan said at the Global Partnership Summit here on Monday. The panel of experts was discussing the theme of ‘Clean Energy Sources and Technology’, especially the role of solar energy in India’s renewable energy expansion plan.

The discussion saw the participation of Masatsugu Shimono, Vice Chairman, IBM, Japan; Taishi Sugiyama, Senior Research Fellow, The Canon Institute for Global Studies; Aishwarya Kachhal, Indus Towers Limited and Prity Khastgir, Founder & CEO, Tech Corp International Strategist (TCIS). The session was moderated by Pranav Mehta, Founder Chairman, National Solar Energy Federation of India.

Setting the tone for the discussion, Mehta stressed that renewable energy has figured prominently in the Paris climate accord that has been ratified by 170 countries till now. He pointed out that while the developed countries were leading renewable energy production a few years back, China has now sped ahead by becoming the world’s top solar energy producer, ahead of United States of America, Germany and Japan. India is the sixth largest producer of solar energy and a recent report by consulting firm Bridge to India said that India’s solar energy capacity is expected to touch 20GW or 20,000 MW by the end of 2017-18 financial year. Currently, around 22% of India’s power comes from renewable energy sources, Mehta said.

Mehta added that there is also an urgent need for energy efficiency as conventional energy production sees significant loss during generation, distribution, storage and use.

Meanwhile, researcher Taishi Sugiyama said that in the coming years, electric vehicles, self-driven cars and car sharing are going to be major contributors in cutting carbon emissions. “Carbon dioxide emissions can be reduced up to 100% and can also bring a host of economic benefits,” said Sugiyama.

The panelists also emphasized RE’s impact on social innovation, health and livelihoods of people. Keeping in mind the present growth rate of the economy, the energy needs are expected to double in the next 6 to 7 years. To meet these needs, solar harvesting and big data analytics will play a pivotal role, said Prity Khastgir.

The Global Partnership Summit has evolved from the India Japan Global Partnership and the three-day event will see participation of over 200 speakers including central government ministers, industry leaders, academicians and social entrepreneurs. They will speak on issues such as clean energy, urban development, mobility, health and education among others.


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Electric vehicles and the Future

Electric vehicles and the Future 

The popularity of electric vehicles has shot up over the last few years with a great shift in the public’s attitude towards electric vehicles and a constantly improving public recharging system. Electric cars and trucks are powered by electricity and are cleaner and cheaper to drive than conventional vehicles.  With a rapid increase in the use of personal vehicles around the world, the demand for fuel is also increasing. Transportation accounts for about one-fifth of global energy use, and passenger vehicles account for about ten percent of energy-related carbon dioxide emissions. In such a scenario, electric vehicles hold significant potential for increasing energy security, cutting emissions and improving local air quality.

Electric vehicles is a broad term that refers to a wide range of cars and other vehicles. However electric vehicles are of following types:

  1. Hybrid-electric vehicles are powered by an internal combustion engine system with an electric propulsion system to reduce fuel consumption and tailpipe emissions. These advanced vehicles cut fuel use and costs while maintaining performance, protecting public health and the environment.
  2. Plug-in hybrids are hybrids with high capacity batteries that can be charged by plugging them into an electrical outlet or charging station for short-range travel on battery power alone.
  3. Battery electric vehicle run entirely on battery power, utilizing chemical energy stored in rechargeable battery packs thereby producing zero tailpipe emissions. They are recharged from an electrical outlet.
  4. Fuel cell vehicles uses a fuel cell instead of an electrical battery. Fuel cell electric vehicles are powered by hydrogen. Unlike conventional vehicles which run on gasoline or diesel, fuel cell vehicles combine hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity, which runs a motor.

Electric vehicles have several advantages over conventional vehicles like electric vehicles are energy efficient and environment friendly providing performance benefits and reduced energy dependence. However the market of electric vehicles is still developing, and there are many battery related challenges, particularly with technology integration, optimization, and scale-up.

Recent Patents filed in the electric vehicle market:



Assignee: WELSCHOFF, Heinz (1820 NE 56th Court, Fort Lauderdale, FL, FL, US)

Publication Date: 14 Dec 2017


An electric powered vehicle includes a battery pack capable of storing electric energy, A fuel engine operated with a clean fuel. A generator or alternator 126 having communication with the engine, and supply electric energy to the electric driving motor A starter of the fuel engine activates when a sensed charge of the battery pack falls to or below the DMF value. Included is a second 128 and third generator or alternator 130 in communication with the fuel engine during periods when no electrical communication exists between the EDM and the battery pack. The second and third generators maintain an electrical output to the battery pack until the battery packs are fully charged. Included is a rear generator or alternator 152 in communication with a rear drive shaft assembly, or differential, including a level orientation sensor and a rotational velocity sensor communication between an output of such communication enabled upon any downhill motion of the vehicle above a predetermined operational velocity determined by the velocity sensor. A second rear generator 156 is controlled by an accelerator pedal, rpm sensor, electric clutch and is activated when no pressure is applied by a driver upon the accelerator pedal, permitting charging of the battery pack by the second rear generator 156 only upon a condition of zero acceleration. A third rear generator 300 is activated by the brake pedal and brake pedal switch does charge the battery packs 102/104.



Assignee: PUNCH POWERTRAIN N.V. (Industriezone Schurhovenveld 4125, 3800 Sint-Truiden, 3800, BE)

Publication Date: 14 Dec 2017


The present disclosure relates to a powertrain (K) for driving a vehicle (C). The powertrain (K) comprises two powertrain modules (Y,Y’) comprising each a rotating machine (M,M’) and a transmission (T,T’). The transmissions (T,T’) are arranged to align their respective output shafts (S2,S2′) towards a common wheel axis (A1) for driving a pair of opposite wheels of the vehicle (C). The first rotating axis (A3), the second rotating axis (A3) and a central axis (A0) of the powertrain K are parallel and offset with respect to the each other and the first rotating axis (A3) and the second rotating axis (A3′) are mirror-symmetrically offset on opposite sides of the central axis (A0). In this way a compact and versatile design is achieved.



Assignee: FCA US LLC (1000 Chrysler Drive, Auburn Hills, Michigan, 48326, US)

Publication Date: 14 Nov 2017


Misfire detection techniques for a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) including an internal combustion engine and an electric motor involve utilizing a crankshaft speed sensor configured to generate a crankshaft speed signal indicative of a rotational speed of a crankshaft of the engine that is coupled to the electric motor via a flywheel. The techniques also utilize a controller configured to control the electric motor to provide a vibrational response to dampen disturbances to the crankshaft, receive the crankshaft speed signal, selectively modify the crankshaft speed signal to obtain a modified crankshaft speed signal, and detect a misfire of the engine based on the modified crankshaft speed signal and a set of thresholds including at least one of a negative misfire threshold and a positive vibrational response threshold.

US 20170355272



Publication Date: 14 Dec 2017


In an in-vehicle structure described in the present specification, an electric-power converter is fixed onto a transaxle and positioned in front of a cowl top. The electric-power converter includes a capacitor configured to restrain a high-frequency fluctuation in a voltage of electric power supplied from a battery, and a discharge circuit configured to discharge the capacitor. A connector (a signal connector) to which a wiring harness for communication of a discharge instruction signal to operate the discharge circuit at a time of a collision is connected is provided on a side face of the electric-power converter, the side face of the electric-power converter being facing in a vehicle width direction.

US 9843234

Title: Electric machine for a vehicle, in particular for a utility vehicle, and method for protection against ingress of water

Assignee: MAN Truck & Bus AG (Munich, DE)

Publication Date: 12 Dec 2017


An electric machine for a vehicle, in particular for a utility vehicle, includes a rotor mounted rotatably on a shaft and a stator surrounding the rotor, at least one device of the electric machine located in at least one pressure chamber which is subjected at least intermittently to an overpressure which is elevated with respect to the ambient pressure. The over pressure in at least one pressure chamber protects against ingress of water

US 9843187

Title: System and method for aggregating electric vehicle loads for demand response events

Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd. (Tokyo, JP)

Publication Date: 12 Dec 2017


A computer-implemented method for aggregating electric vehicle loads for demand response events includes receiving a demand response (DR) event request from a utility system indicative of a DR event for an area. The DR event request includes at least one event parameter for participation in the DR event. The method includes determining a first original equipment manufacturer (OEM) DR event load for the area based on the DR event request and charging data received from electric vehicles associated with a first OEM. Upon determining the first original OEM DR event load does not meet the at least one event parameter, the method includes aggregating charging data from electric vehicles associated with a second OEM with the first OEM DR event load to determine an aggregated DR load for the area.

US 9840164

Title: Electric vehicle

Assignee: SUZUKI MOTOR CORPORATION (Hamamatsu-Shi, Shizuoka-Ken, JP)

Publication Date: 12 Dec 2017


An electric vehicle capable of efficiently and reliably cooling a power converter disposed inside an exterior. An electric vehicle includes a frame extending in a longitudinal direction, a power converter being long in the longitudinal direction along the frame, and an exterior extending in the longitudinal direction to cover the frame and the power converter, the exterior defining a cooling air path between the power converter to allow cooling air to flow through the cooling air path along the longitudinal direction. The power converter extends in the longitudinal direction in the cooling air path, and includes a plurality of heat radiation fins protruding toward an inner surface of the exterior, and the exterior includes an air induction port provided at a front end of the cooling air path to allow travelling wind to flow into the cooling air path.

how to patent a business idea in india how to legally protect a business idea

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Balancing PATENTS & Affordable DRUGS

Pharma Sector in India is caught in the debate over the enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) and access to affordable medicines. Affordable drugs are necessary and is a matter of great concern for the healthcare system. There is a need to refine the Drug policy in India in the light of growing concerns about patent filing in the pharma sector and access to cheap medicines.

Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights encourages companies to invest in research and development. Most companies invest in research and development so that they can reap profits from the product developed. Patenting the product or process ensures that others do not replicate the concerned product to gain a share of the potential profits. But the critics of enforcement of intellectual property rights in the pharma sector argue that patents encourage monopolies. The pharmaceutical companies who patent drugs can sell those drugs at quite high prices because of no competition involved in the marketing of the drug.

The incomplete understanding of intellectual property rights (IPRs) is the real issue that India’s drug industry is facing. Currently, only 5% of medicines used in India are said to be patent-protected. Breakthrough therapies are being developed in the world but why these therapies are not made available to India but are being introduced in other countries?

It is observed that the new drugs and therapies encounter delay in marketing approval in India despite their global launch. Moreover the new drugs that are launched in India are produced and sold as generic versions by Indian manufacturers within one year of their introduction. Generic medicines are the copies of brand name counterparts of drugs originally developed by other companies. The rapid appearance of generic versions of medicines and delays in marketing approval display a lack of faith in the patent regime.

Patents are important in innovative sectors like pharmaceutical industry as they provide incentives for companies to invest in those sectors. Investment in innovation, research and development is an essential component of supporting an innovative and enterprising economy.

In order to link medical innovation with affordable treatment  a supportive role by the Government is required. The government should design a price-control mechanism without tampering the grant of patents. The government should deploy tools to reduce uncertainty in Intellectual Property Rights and to build an ecosystem that promotes medical innovation. We must achieve a balance between the current and future needs of patients and the timely introduction of existing and new pharmaceutical drugs.