Battery electric vehicle, brand trademark, Fuel cell vehicles, Hybrid-electric vehicles, Machine Learning, Make in India, MARKET ENTRY strategy, Plug-in hybrid

Electric vehicles and the Future

Electric vehicles and the Future 

The popularity of electric vehicles has shot up over the last few years with a great shift in the public’s attitude towards electric vehicles and a constantly improving public recharging system. Electric cars and trucks are powered by electricity and are cleaner and cheaper to drive than conventional vehicles.  With a rapid increase in the use of personal vehicles around the world, the demand for fuel is also increasing. Transportation accounts for about one-fifth of global energy use, and passenger vehicles account for about ten percent of energy-related carbon dioxide emissions. In such a scenario, electric vehicles hold significant potential for increasing energy security, cutting emissions and improving local air quality.

Electric vehicles is a broad term that refers to a wide range of cars and other vehicles. However electric vehicles are of following types:

  1. Hybrid-electric vehicles are powered by an internal combustion engine system with an electric propulsion system to reduce fuel consumption and tailpipe emissions. These advanced vehicles cut fuel use and costs while maintaining performance, protecting public health and the environment.
  2. Plug-in hybrids are hybrids with high capacity batteries that can be charged by plugging them into an electrical outlet or charging station for short-range travel on battery power alone.
  3. Battery electric vehicle run entirely on battery power, utilizing chemical energy stored in rechargeable battery packs thereby producing zero tailpipe emissions. They are recharged from an electrical outlet.
  4. Fuel cell vehicles uses a fuel cell instead of an electrical battery. Fuel cell electric vehicles are powered by hydrogen. Unlike conventional vehicles which run on gasoline or diesel, fuel cell vehicles combine hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity, which runs a motor.

Electric vehicles have several advantages over conventional vehicles like electric vehicles are energy efficient and environment friendly providing performance benefits and reduced energy dependence. However the market of electric vehicles is still developing, and there are many battery related challenges, particularly with technology integration, optimization, and scale-up.

Recent Patents filed in the electric vehicle market:

WO/2017/213838

Title: ALL ELECTRIC VEHICLE WITHOUT PLUG-IN REQUIREMENT

Assignee: WELSCHOFF, Heinz (1820 NE 56th Court, Fort Lauderdale, FL, FL, US)

Publication Date: 14 Dec 2017

Abstract:

An electric powered vehicle includes a battery pack capable of storing electric energy, A fuel engine operated with a clean fuel. A generator or alternator 126 having communication with the engine, and supply electric energy to the electric driving motor A starter of the fuel engine activates when a sensed charge of the battery pack falls to or below the DMF value. Included is a second 128 and third generator or alternator 130 in communication with the fuel engine during periods when no electrical communication exists between the EDM and the battery pack. The second and third generators maintain an electrical output to the battery pack until the battery packs are fully charged. Included is a rear generator or alternator 152 in communication with a rear drive shaft assembly, or differential, including a level orientation sensor and a rotational velocity sensor communication between an output of such communication enabled upon any downhill motion of the vehicle above a predetermined operational velocity determined by the velocity sensor. A second rear generator 156 is controlled by an accelerator pedal, rpm sensor, electric clutch and is activated when no pressure is applied by a driver upon the accelerator pedal, permitting charging of the battery pack by the second rear generator 156 only upon a condition of zero acceleration. A third rear generator 300 is activated by the brake pedal and brake pedal switch does charge the battery packs 102/104.

WO/2017/211793

Title: ELECTRIC POWERTRAIN, TRANSMISSION, AND VEHICLE

Assignee: PUNCH POWERTRAIN N.V. (Industriezone Schurhovenveld 4125, 3800 Sint-Truiden, 3800, BE)

Publication Date: 14 Dec 2017

Abstract:

The present disclosure relates to a powertrain (K) for driving a vehicle (C). The powertrain (K) comprises two powertrain modules (Y,Y’) comprising each a rotating machine (M,M’) and a transmission (T,T’). The transmissions (T,T’) are arranged to align their respective output shafts (S2,S2′) towards a common wheel axis (A1) for driving a pair of opposite wheels of the vehicle (C). The first rotating axis (A3), the second rotating axis (A3) and a central axis (A0) of the powertrain K are parallel and offset with respect to the each other and the first rotating axis (A3) and the second rotating axis (A3′) are mirror-symmetrically offset on opposite sides of the central axis (A0). In this way a compact and versatile design is achieved.

WO/2017/213850

Title: RESPONSE AMPLITUDE MODIFICATION FOR HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE MISFIRE DETECTIONS

Assignee: FCA US LLC (1000 Chrysler Drive, Auburn Hills, Michigan, 48326, US)

Publication Date: 14 Nov 2017

Abstract:

Misfire detection techniques for a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) including an internal combustion engine and an electric motor involve utilizing a crankshaft speed sensor configured to generate a crankshaft speed signal indicative of a rotational speed of a crankshaft of the engine that is coupled to the electric motor via a flywheel. The techniques also utilize a controller configured to control the electric motor to provide a vibrational response to dampen disturbances to the crankshaft, receive the crankshaft speed signal, selectively modify the crankshaft speed signal to obtain a modified crankshaft speed signal, and detect a misfire of the engine based on the modified crankshaft speed signal and a set of thresholds including at least one of a negative misfire threshold and a positive vibrational response threshold.

US 20170355272

Title: IN-VEHICLE STRUCTURE OF ELECTRIC-POWER CONVERTER

Assignee: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA (Toyota-shi, JP)

Publication Date: 14 Dec 2017

Abstract:

In an in-vehicle structure described in the present specification, an electric-power converter is fixed onto a transaxle and positioned in front of a cowl top. The electric-power converter includes a capacitor configured to restrain a high-frequency fluctuation in a voltage of electric power supplied from a battery, and a discharge circuit configured to discharge the capacitor. A connector (a signal connector) to which a wiring harness for communication of a discharge instruction signal to operate the discharge circuit at a time of a collision is connected is provided on a side face of the electric-power converter, the side face of the electric-power converter being facing in a vehicle width direction.

US 9843234

Title: Electric machine for a vehicle, in particular for a utility vehicle, and method for protection against ingress of water

Assignee: MAN Truck & Bus AG (Munich, DE)

Publication Date: 12 Dec 2017

Abstract:

An electric machine for a vehicle, in particular for a utility vehicle, includes a rotor mounted rotatably on a shaft and a stator surrounding the rotor, at least one device of the electric machine located in at least one pressure chamber which is subjected at least intermittently to an overpressure which is elevated with respect to the ambient pressure. The over pressure in at least one pressure chamber protects against ingress of water

US 9843187

Title: System and method for aggregating electric vehicle loads for demand response events

Assignee: Honda Motor Co., Ltd. (Tokyo, JP)

Publication Date: 12 Dec 2017

Abstract:

A computer-implemented method for aggregating electric vehicle loads for demand response events includes receiving a demand response (DR) event request from a utility system indicative of a DR event for an area. The DR event request includes at least one event parameter for participation in the DR event. The method includes determining a first original equipment manufacturer (OEM) DR event load for the area based on the DR event request and charging data received from electric vehicles associated with a first OEM. Upon determining the first original OEM DR event load does not meet the at least one event parameter, the method includes aggregating charging data from electric vehicles associated with a second OEM with the first OEM DR event load to determine an aggregated DR load for the area.

US 9840164

Title: Electric vehicle

Assignee: SUZUKI MOTOR CORPORATION (Hamamatsu-Shi, Shizuoka-Ken, JP)

Publication Date: 12 Dec 2017

Abstract:

An electric vehicle capable of efficiently and reliably cooling a power converter disposed inside an exterior. An electric vehicle includes a frame extending in a longitudinal direction, a power converter being long in the longitudinal direction along the frame, and an exterior extending in the longitudinal direction to cover the frame and the power converter, the exterior defining a cooling air path between the power converter to allow cooling air to flow through the cooling air path along the longitudinal direction. The power converter extends in the longitudinal direction in the cooling air path, and includes a plurality of heat radiation fins protruding toward an inner surface of the exterior, and the exterior includes an air induction port provided at a front end of the cooling air path to allow travelling wind to flow into the cooling air path.

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Balancing PATENTS & Affordable DRUGS

Pharma Sector in India is caught in the debate over the enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) and access to affordable medicines. Affordable drugs are necessary and is a matter of great concern for the healthcare system. There is a need to refine the Drug policy in India in the light of growing concerns about patent filing in the pharma sector and access to cheap medicines.

Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights encourages companies to invest in research and development. Most companies invest in research and development so that they can reap profits from the product developed. Patenting the product or process ensures that others do not replicate the concerned product to gain a share of the potential profits. But the critics of enforcement of intellectual property rights in the pharma sector argue that patents encourage monopolies. The pharmaceutical companies who patent drugs can sell those drugs at quite high prices because of no competition involved in the marketing of the drug.

The incomplete understanding of intellectual property rights (IPRs) is the real issue that India’s drug industry is facing. Currently, only 5% of medicines used in India are said to be patent-protected. Breakthrough therapies are being developed in the world but why these therapies are not made available to India but are being introduced in other countries?

It is observed that the new drugs and therapies encounter delay in marketing approval in India despite their global launch. Moreover the new drugs that are launched in India are produced and sold as generic versions by Indian manufacturers within one year of their introduction. Generic medicines are the copies of brand name counterparts of drugs originally developed by other companies. The rapid appearance of generic versions of medicines and delays in marketing approval display a lack of faith in the patent regime.

Patents are important in innovative sectors like pharmaceutical industry as they provide incentives for companies to invest in those sectors. Investment in innovation, research and development is an essential component of supporting an innovative and enterprising economy.

In order to link medical innovation with affordable treatment  a supportive role by the Government is required. The government should design a price-control mechanism without tampering the grant of patents. The government should deploy tools to reduce uncertainty in Intellectual Property Rights and to build an ecosystem that promotes medical innovation. We must achieve a balance between the current and future needs of patients and the timely introduction of existing and new pharmaceutical drugs.

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Innovation in the Mining Sector

India is a mineral rich country. The Mining Industry contributes significantly to the economy of India and provides basic raw materials to many important industries.  The distribution of minerals in India is uneven and many areas are yet to be fully explored. Exploration activities in India are mostly carried out by Geological Survey of India (GSI), Mining Exploration Corporation Limited (MECL), various State Directorates of Geological Mining (DGMs), public sector undertakings (PSU) and private sector entities both domestic and subsidiaries of many global companies.

India total land area 3.2875 million sq. km out of which, GSI has identified 0.571 million sq. km. as Obvious Geological Potential (OGP) area for minerals.

What are the reasons to invest in Mining Sector?

India has vast mineral potential  and Under the “Make In India Initiative” there is an ease of doing business in India.

For the companies interested in mining or for the raw material for their industry, Mining Lease & Licence grant  is done through auctions.

An Inter-ministerial Group facilitator is established by law for expediting the clearances and approvals in India.

The Geological Survey of India (GSI) has identified about 100 blocks for the exploration companies to venture into the revenue share model as enabled by the National Mineral Exploration Policy, 2016.

Mining leases in India are granted for longer and stable tenure of 50 years.

The demand for various metals and minerals is growing substantially. The recent innovations in the mining sector in US are:

US 9638017 B2

Title: Batch solution mining using lithological displacement of an evaporite mineral stratumand mineral dissolution with stationary solvent

Assignee: SOLVAY SA (Brussels, BE)

Publication Date: 2 May 2017

Abstract:

Batch initiation and/or exploitation phases of in situ solution mining of a mineral from an underground evaporite mineral stratum. The initiation phase may comprise a lifting step which employs a lithological displacement (lifting) of this stratum from an underlying non-evaporite stratum with application at the strata interface of a lifting hydraulic pressure greater than overburden pressure by a solvent suitable to dissolve the mineral; a soaking step for dissolution of mineral upon contact with stationary solvent, and a brine extraction step. The method may further comprise one or more exploitation phases carried out after the initiation phase. The exploitation phase may comprise a partial filing or filling step with the same solvent or different solvent than during lifting, another soaking step, and another brine extraction step. The lifting, cavity partial filing/filling, and brine extraction steps are being discontinuous. The evaporite mineral stratum preferably comprises trona.

2.) US 9822013 B1

Title: Selective mining enhanced recovery process

Assignee: Innovare Technologies Ltd. (Carlyle, CA)

Publication Date: 21 Nov 2017

Abstract:

Some embodiment of the present disclosure include a method and method for recovery of solution mined minerals. The method may include creating superheated steam using a steam boiler; passing the superheated steam through a turbine/generator to generate electricity; reheating the steam exiting the turbine/generator to saturation with a steam reheater; using the saturated steam with an absorption chiller to create chilled water; and recovering minerals using the chilled water in a cooling crystallizer system. In embodiments, the method and system may be used to recover minerals, such as potash (KCl), washing soda (Na2CO3.10H2O); nahcolite (NaHCO3); and glauber salt (NaSO4.10H2O). The method may utilize the trigeneration of steam, electrical, and chilled water utilities, which may be used for a recovery process.

3). US 9803458 B2

Title: Solution mining using subterranean drilling techniques

Assignee: TRONOX ALKALI WYOMING CORPORATION (Stamford, CT, US)

Publication Date: 31 Oct 2017

Abstract:

A method of solution mining a subterranean mineral ore deposit such as trona ore in which a borehole is drilled from a subterranean mechanically-worked mineral ore mining operation to connect a mineral ore bed to be solution mined, using subterranean drilling apparatus located proximate to the mechanically-worked mineral ore mining operation. The mineral ore bed is isolated from the mechanically-worked mineral ore mining operation by passage of the drilled borehole through an impermeable layer adjacent to the mineral ore bed to be solution mined. The mineral ore bed is then solution-mined using a mining solvent introduced into the mineral ore bed to solubilize the mineral and form a mining solution, and the resulting mining solution is withdrawn from the mineral ore bed.

4). US 20170325052 A1

Title: Method and Apparatus for Protecting a Miner

Assignee: Strata Products Worldwide, LLC (Sandy Springs, GA, US)

Publication Date: 9 Nov 2017

Abstract:

An apparatus for protecting a miner from injury by a machine in a mine includes an explosion-proof housing. The apparatus includes a proximity sensing portion disposed in the explosion-proof housing having a magnetic field source which produces a magnetic field that is used to sense a location of the miner relative to the machine. The apparatus includes a wireless communication portion disposed in the explosion-proof housing through which the magnetic field produced by the magnetic field source is changed remotely and wirelessly from outside the explosion-proof housing. A method for protecting a miner from injury by a machine. A system for protecting a miner from injury by a machine in a mine

5). US 20170291178 A1

Title: SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR COLLECTING HEAVY MINERALS

Assignee: Vortex Technology, LLC (Reno, NV, US)

Publication Date: 12 Oct 2017

Abstract:

The invention relates to a method and system for the environmental remediation of materials that are contaminated with heavy minerals, such as heavy metals. The invention finds utility in removing heavy minerals from materials such as soils, sediments, mine tailings and ores. The invention provides a means for removing heavy minerals from contaminated materials without the use of water while reducing the generation of dust. Thus, the invention provides an environmentally friendly method for the remediation of sites that are contaminated with heavy minerals.

The recent patents filed in the mining sector in India are:

201727036276

Title: MODIFIED MINERAL BASED FILLER COMPRISING COPPER SALTS

Assignee: OMYA INTERNATIONAL AG

Omya is a leading global producer of industrial minerals, mainly fillers and pigments derived from calcium carbonate and dolomite, and a worldwide distributor of specialty chemicals.

Publication Date: 12 Oct 2017

Abstract:

The present invention relates to a modified mineral based filler comprising at least one alkaline earth metal carbonate comprising material and at least one water insoluble copper salt comprising the copper mineral malachite in an amount of at least 10 wt. % which covers at least partially the surface of the at least one alkaline earth metal carbonate comprising material and a method of producing the same.

2). 201737036976  

Title: JAW CRUSHER MINERAL MATERIAL PROCESSING PLANT AND METHOD FOR PROCESSING MINERAL MATERIAL

Assignee: METSO MINERALS INC.

Metso Minerals Industries, Inc. manufactures and offers equipment, services, and process solutions to quarrying and aggregates production, mining and mineral processing, construction contractors and civil engineering industries.

Publication Date:  17 Oct 2017

Abstract:  

A jaw crusher a mineral material processing plant and a method for processing mineral material. The jaw crusher (100) comprises a fixed jaw and a movable jaw for forming a crushing chamber (3) therebetween which is open at the top the fixed jaw comprising a first wear part (1 ) mounted thereto and the movable jaw comprising a pitman (4) and a second wear part (2) mounted thereto; wherein the pitman (4) is rotatably mounted to a first eccentric shaft (8). The pitman (4) is further rotatably mounted to second eccentric shaft 9 configured to guide the stroke of the movable jaw to create a movement pattern with a substantially linear crushing stroke wherein the eccentricity of the second eccentric shaft (9) is larger than that of the first eccentric shaft.

3). 201717023428

Title: PLANT AND METHOD FOR RECOVERING METALS AND/OR METAL OXIDES FROM INDUSTRIAL PROCESS WASTE IN PARTICULAR REFINERY WASTE

Assignee: SAIPEM S.P.A.

SAIPEM is one of the global leader in drilling services, as well as in the engineering, procurement, construction and installation of pipelines and complex projects, onshore and offshore, in the oil & gas market.

Publication Date: 29 Sept 2017

Abstract:

A plant (1) for recovering metals and/or metal oxides from industrial process waste in particular oil product refining waste comprises a furnace (2); a feed line (30) connected to a main inlet (12) of the furnace for feeding the furnace with a solid waste containing metals in particular in oxide form; an outlet line (18) connected to a solid phase outlet (17) of the furnace for drawing a metal enriched solid phase out of the furnace; the furnace is a belt conveyor furnace (2) having a belt conveyor (9) closed in a loop with a substantially horizontal configuration and having a top face (11) which receives the waste to treat and conveys it between two longitudinal opposite ends (7 8) of the belt conveyor furnace (2) respectively provided with the main inlet (12) and the solid phase outlet (17).

4.) 201747012798

Title: AN UNDERGROUND MINING SYSTEM FOR REDUCED COSTS IMPROVED EFFICIENCIES HIGHER PRODUCTIVITY AND A SAFER WORKING ENVIRONMENT THROUGH PENETRATED BLOCK EXTRACTION

Assignee: UNDERGROUND EXTRACTION TECHNOLOGIES PTY LTD

Publication Date: 21 April 2017

Abstract:

The present invention relates to a mining method including the step of forming one or more sets of gate roads. Each set of gate roads includes at least two headings typically for providing and retuning ventilation. Dead end plunge cuts extend from the sets of gate roads. Each plunge cut is formed with a continuous miner coupled to a flexible conveyor system. Each plunge cut is greater than 30 metres in length. Advantageously narrow elongate pillars may be left between adjacent plunge cuts thereby resulting in greater material removal per volume and improved operating costs when compared with bord and pillar mining.

5). US 201717031232

Title: PROCESS FOR REMOVING HEAVY METALS FROM HYDROCARBONS

Assignee:  PETROLIAM NASIONAL BERHAD (PETRONAS)

Petroliam Nasional Berhad (PETRONAS) is Malaysia’s fully integrated oil and gas multinational ranked among the largest corporations on FORTUNE Global 500®.

Publication Date: 4 Sept 2017

Abstract:

This invention provides a process for removing mercury, from a mercury-containing hydrocarbon fluid. More specifically, the invention relates to a process for for the removal of mercury from a mercury-containing hydrocarbon fluid feed comprising the steps of: (i) contacting the mercury-containing hydrocarbon fluid feed with a metal perhalide having the following formula: [M]+[X]- wherein: [M]+ represents one or more metal cations wherein the metal has an atomic number greater than 36; an atomic radius of at least 50 pm and a 1st ionization energy of less than 750 kJ mol-1; [X]- represents one or more perhalide anions; and (ii) obtaining a hydrocarbon fluid product having a reduced mercury content compared to mercury-containing hydrocarbon fluid feed.

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Innovation In the Wellness Sector

Lately, there is an escalation in the number of medical cases due to an unhealthy lifestyle, absence of physical workouts, and non-conventional food habits. This makes the Indian wellness industry, a very big prospect in terms of revenue and target market. India has an unmatched heritage represented by its ancient systems of medicine. Indian systems of medicine and homoeopathy particularly Ayurveda and Yoga are widely recognised for their comprehensive approach to health and are effective in both prevention as well as curation of a disease.

India is the second largest exporter of Ayurvedic and alternative medicine in the world with the wellness market of worth INR 490 Billion. The demand for Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) and herbal products is surging in India and abroad. India has 6200 indigenous herbal plants and its vast reservoir of natural flora, fauna, ancient texts and knowledge have made it an authority in the field of AYUSH. The country’s vast AYUSH infrastructure comprises of 736,538 registered practitioners, 26,107 dispensaries and 3167 hospitals in public sector, 501 undergraduate colleges with annual intake of 28,018 students, 151 centres for postgraduate[ education with annual admission of 3504 scholars and 8896 licensed drug manufacturing units.

The Government of India has set up a dedicated Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) with the aim of providing stimulus to the ancient healthcare system. The Indian system of Ayurvedic medicine and homoeopathy continue to be widely used. The recent patents filed in the wellness industry in India are:

1). 201617032677

Title: SYSTEMS METHODS AND ARTICLES FOR ENHANCING WELLNESS ASSOCIATED WITH HABITABLE ENVIRONMENTS

Assignee: DELOS LIVING LLC

Publication Date: 20 Jan 2017

Abstract:

Environmental characteristics of habitable environments (e.g. hotel or motel rooms spas resorts cruise boat cabins offices hospitals and/or homes apartments or residences) are controlled to eliminate reduce or ameliorate adverse or harmful aspects and introduce increase or enhance beneficial aspects in order to improve a “wellness” or sense of “wellbeing” provided via the environments. Control of intensity and wavelength distribution of passive and active Illumination addresses various issues symptoms or syndromes for instance to maintain a circadian rhythm or cycle adjust for “jet lag” or season affective disorder etc.. Air quality and attributes are controlled. Scent(s) may be dispersed. Noise is reduced and sounds (e.g. masking music natural) may be provided. Environmental and biometric feedback is provided. Experimentation and machine learning are used to improve health outcomes and wellness standards.

2). 201711021610

Title: A SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REAL TIME ASSESSMENT OF WELLNESS AND HEALTH INSURANCE

Assignee: eExpedise Technologies Private Limited

Publication Date: 4 Aug 2017

Abstract:

The present invention provides an integrated system to expedite the risk assessment process at the time of issuance of policy, and determine the premium based on several preventive care initiatives of individuals at the time of issuing health insurance policy, wherein the system identifies list of options for services, provides a score, makes a decision on issuance of policy, calculates the premium amount and relays the information to a user or proposer. Further, the system provides services selected from the group consisting of details of service provider, underwriting, claim adjudication, suspicious profile management, wellness advisory, predictive analysis, cost of the service based on health records and the user selects at least one option from provided list of options.

3). 201727033542

Title: METHOD FOR STRESS MANAGEMENT AND OVERALL HEALTH STATUS IMPROVEMENT AND COMPOSITIONS USED THEREIN

Assignee: OMNIACTIVE HEALTH TECHNOLOGIES LIMITED

Publication Date: 10 Nov 2017

Abstract:

Carotenoid compositions are described for management treatment and/or prevention of stress by reducing cortisol levels and/or improving distribution and/or density of macular pigment and thus improving overall health status. More particularly a subject in need thereof for the method has disturbed macular pigment optical density or increased levels of cortisol as markers of psychological and physiological stress. Methods are also described of administering macular carotenoid compositions in daily doses of at least or about 0.005mg/kg body weight of lutein and at least or about 0.001mg/kg body weight of meso zeaxanthin and zeaxanthin isomer along with at least one food grade excipient and evaluating overall health status. The composition may be derived from plant extract containing xanthophylls and/or xanthophylls esters. The composition also reduces cortisol levels in the blood and relieves physiological stress thus improving overall health status of a subject in need thereof.

4). 201747033855

Title: SYSTEM, DEVICE AND METHOD FOR REMOTELY MONITORING THE WELL BEING OF A USER WITH A WEARABLE DEVICE

Assignee: KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V

Publication Date: 6 Oct 2017

Abstract:

Systems devices methods for providing a speech pattern as a metric of well being system for remotely monitoring the wellbeing of a patient are disclosed. In one exemplary embodiment a system can include at least one wearable device that is configured to collect body sensor data and speech pattern data associated with a patient wearing the device and analyze the data to determine if the patient’s emotional well being is compromised. In some exemplary embodiments the wearable device can be configured to send an alert to at least one caregiver device that indicates the patient’s emotional well being is compromised. The wearable device can also be configured to send recommendations on courses of action to alleviate the condition.

5). 201727025770

Title: BEHAVIORAL ANALYSIS TO AUTOMATE DIRECT AND INDIRECT LOCAL MONITORING OF INTERNET OF THINGS DEVICE HEALTH

Assignee:  QUALCOMM INCORPORATED

Publication Date: 29 Sept 2017

Abstract:

The disclosure generally relates to behavioral analysis to automate monitoring Internet of Things (IoT) device health in a direct and/or indirect manner. In particular normal behavior associated with an IoT device in a local IoT network may be modeled such that behaviors observed at the IoT device may be compared to the modeled normal behavior to determine whether the behaviors observed at the IoT device are normal or anomalous. Accordingly in a distributed IoT environment more powerful “analyzer” devices can collect behaviors locally observed at other (e.g. simpler) “observer” devices and conduct behavioral analysis across the distributed IoT environment to detect anomalies potentially indicating malicious attacks malfunctions or other issues that require customer service and/or further attention. Furthermore devices with sufficient capabilities may conduct (local) on device behavioral analysis to detect anomalous conditions without sending locally observed behaviors to another aggregator device and/or analyzer device.

6). 201717026255

Title: EXERCISE DEVICE

Assignee: TE3 OY

Publication Date: 17 Nov 2017

Abstract:

The invention relates to a device (100) for performing exercises comprising a housing (105) a deviation sensor (140) for detecting a deviation of said housing (105) from an equilibrium and a control unit (110) coupled to said deviation sensor (140) arranged to count deviations from the equilibrium.

7). 201717031179

Title: METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR REAL TIME VISUALIZATION OF INDIVIDUAL HEALTH CONDITION ON A MOBILE DEVICE

Assignee: RATH Matthias W.

Publication Date: 24 Nov 2017

Abstract:

A method and technology to display 3D graphical output for a user using body sensor data personal medical data in real time is disclosed. A consolidated methodology to bring user meaningful life information based on real time sensor results analysis expert Q&As “What if scenarios and future emulation all in one artificial intelligence expert system is described. A unique rendering of 3D image of ones organ cell or subcellular level display related to one’s health condition can be visualized on a graphical user interface of a devices or devices. The change of the display from one level such as from organ to cell or cell to subcellular level or vice versa is enabled is disclosed.

 

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INNOVATIONS IN FOOD PROCESSING SECTOR

Innovations in food technology sector goes in accordance with the consumer demand for healthy and safe food and while simultaneously improving the quality and shelf life of the food product. The food industry is at present interested in some of the novel food processing technologies that improves the quality of food but at a low cost. The major industries constituting the food processing sector are grain milling, sugar, edible oils, beverages, fruits & vegetables processing and dairy products.

India has a rich agriculture resource and was ranked No.1 in the world in 2013 in terms of production of Arecanut, Bananas, Castor oil seed, Chickpeas, Chillies & Peppers dry, Ginger, Lemons & limes, Mangoes, Mangosteens, guavas, Millet, Okra, Papayas, Pigeon peas, Meat- buffalo, Milk-whole fresh buffalo & goat, Ghee, butter oil of cow milk, Ghee of buffalo milk and sesame seed. India ranks second in the world in the production of Anise, fennel, coriander, beans-dry, cabbages and other brassicas, cauliflower & broccoli, Egg plants (aubergines), Garlic, Groundnuts with shell, Lentil, Onions dry, Peas green, Potatoes, Pumpkins, Squash and Gourds, Rice/Paddy, Safflower seed, Sugar cane, Tea, Tomatoes, Wheat, Meat-goat, Milk whole fresh cow. Further, India is at third position in the production of Cashew nuts, with shell, Coconuts, Lettuce and chicory, Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms, Pepper (piper spp.) and Rapeseed.

India’s strategic geographic location and its close vicinity to food-importing nations makes India favourable for the export of processed food products. A total of 127 agro-climatic zones have been identified in India. Moreover, 42 Mega Food Parks (MFP) are being setup in India with an investment of USD 2.38 billion. The parks have around 1250 developed plots with basic enabled infrastructure that entrepreneurs can take on lease for the setting up of food processing and ancillary units. With an extensive network of food processing training, academic and research institutes, the cost of skilled manpower is relatively low in India as compared to other countries.

In order to promote innovations in food processing sector, Central and state governments have instated attractive incentives like capital subsidies, tax rebates, depreciation benefits, and reduced custom and excise duties for processed food and machinery.

Food processing is recognised as a priority sector in the Make in India policy and is one of the major employment oriented segments in India. With the growing awareness and concern for health and wellness, consumers are experimenting with different  cuisines, tastes and new brands paving the way for new investment opportunities in the food processing sector. The recent patents filed in the Food processing sector in India are:

1). 201747035342

Title: INTELLIGENT FOOD COOKING MACHINE

Assignee: WANG Aiqun

Publication Date: 17 Nov 2017

Abstract:

Disclosed is an intelligent food cooking machine comprising a rack (1) a bowl storage mechanism (2) a distributing and fetching mechanism (3) a pushing mechanism (4) a microwave heating mechanism (5) and a delivering and lifting mechanism (6). The intelligent food cooking machine is combined with a coin feed device and a change device; a bowl filled with food is taken out from the bowl storage mechanism (2) via the distributing and fetching mechanism (3); when the bowl is put in a lower stop position of the distributing and fetching mechanism (3) the pushing mechanism (4) pushes the bowl into the microwave heating mechanism (5) to perform heating treatment; after the food in the bowl is heated the pushing mechanism (4) re pushes the bowl onto the delivering and lifting mechanism (6) and the bowl is delivered to a bowl fetching window (14) via the delivering and lifting mechanism (6) so that a process of intelligently heating the food and selling the food is realized; and the intelligent food cooking machine is simple in structure and convenient to use.

2). 201747039730

Title: FOOD PREPARATION APPARATUS AND METHOD

Assignee: KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.

Publication Date: 17 Nov 2017

Abstract:

Disclosed is a food preparation apparatus (100) comprising a food preparation compartment (101); a dielectric sensor (120) in said food preparation compartment a data storage device (130) storing food seasoning data as a function of a dielectric constant of the food product said food seasoning data relating to a plurality of condiments to be added to the food product; and a processor arrangement (110) coupled to said dielectric sensor. The processor arrangement is adapted to determine a dielectric property of a food product in the food preparation compartment from sensor data provided by said dielectric sensor; retrieve food seasoning data for the food product corresponding to the determined dielectric property from the data storage device; and for each condiment of said plurality generate a seasoning instruction signal for adding an amount of said condiment of said plurality to the food product based on the retrieved food seasoning data until all condiments of said plurality have been added to the food product. A method of automatically generating seasoning instructions for adding a plurality of condiments to a food product during preparation of the food product is also disclosed.

3). 201611009273

Title: VISCOUS FOOD PRODUCT GRINDING AND DISPENSING SYSTEM

Assignee: Trade Fixtures, LLC

Publication Date: 21 Nov 2017

Abstract:

A viscous food product dispensing system having a transport section for receiving a particulate food product from a bin, an auger for processing and conveying the received particulate food product from the transport section into an outlet adapter via one or more flutes, a milling device housed in the outlet adapter, and a discharge nozzle in the outlet adapter that pinches off the viscous food product created by the milling device. The auger has a unique design that allows it to engage and break whole nuts.

4). 201722017362

Title: FOOD PRODUCTS AND PROCESSES FOR PREPARATION THEREOF\

Assignee: SHIRODKAR, Jyoti

Publication Date: 17 May 2017

Abstract:

The present disclosure relates to pre-mixed barley based compositions comprising barley, cereals, pulses, spices, dry fruits and flavoring agents. The ingredients are present in pre-determined proportion to each other. Various food products can be prepared from the pre mixed barley based compositions, which can be consumed by healthy individuals as well as individuals suffering from obesity, dyslipidemia, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and the like. The present disclosure also provides a process for preparing the pre-mixed barley based compositions.

5). 5034/CHE/2015

Title: METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR AUTOMATIC END-TO-END PREPARATION AND MANAGEMENT OF FOOD

Assignee: Vishnu Gurusamy Sundaram

Publication Date: 27 April 2017

Abstract:

The embodiment herein provide a method and system for providing an integrated cooking machine, which automates the process of cooking completely and support connected operation in the cooking such as share recipes, order recipes and even support connecting with the ingredient supplier ecosystem for ordering the required items. Thereby eliminating several food processing machines and even to the extent of removing kitchen in a house. The system includes electro-mechanical components for performing the cooking operation, which is driven by electronic circuits fed by programs that make this operation happen. The programs are stored in the device or downloaded from the cloud platform, which authenticates these machines and provide the required information. The system also has intuitive interface on the device to create recipes. The system is also configured to measure the output parameters of the food.

6). 2774 / MUM / 2014

Title: AUTOMATIC FOOD COOKING MACHINE

Assignee: MAHAVIR BABULAL, Suthar [IN/IN]; (IN).

BABULAL DOLATRAM, Suthar [IN/IN]; (IN)

Publication Date: 3 March 2016

Abstract:

The present invention relates to automatic cooking machine, without any human interaction. In the present invention, full Indian dish including roti / paratha, sabji, dhal and rice is processed, cooked and served in dishes automatically. In the present invention, all vegetables are controlled by the microcontroller / PLC system. It is about multiple different recipes saved in program and customized. Food cooking machine is eco-friendly & eco-user. The present invention is self cleaning and sterilizing which is controlled by microcontroller / PLC and all media of communication.

News

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/industry/cons-products/food/indias-food-processing-sector-may-attract-33-billion-by-2024-study/articleshow/61737009.cms

http://ibnservice.com/2017/12/04/food-processing-and-packaging-equipment-market-growth-rate-survey-2017-2022/

https://www.ruralmarketing.in/industry/agriculture/food-processing-product-conformity-global-standards-logistics-will-boost-growth-says-study

http://www.fnbnews.com/Top-News/consumption-of-ultraprocessed-foods-increasing-in-canada-finds-study-41466

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/hyderabad/patanjali-group-signs-mou-to-set-up-

food-processing-unit-in-telangana/articleshow/61659829.cms

 

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Patents filing in the Construction Industry

In this rapidly changing globally competitive environment, companies have no option but to be innovative inorder to survive. Innovation can be in the form of a new product/technique or improvement of an existing product /technology.

Construction Industry in India is no exception.Construction industry abounds with innovative products and techniques and the construction activities contribute to more than 8% of India’s GDP.  Because of various government and private initiatives, there is an increased demand for real estate and infrastructure projects and companies in the construction sector are developing a number of products, services and processes that can be used used for new construction.

The following OPPORTUNITIES are available for innovation in the CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY:

Construction development in residential, retail, commercial and hospitality sectors.

Technologies and solutions for smart sustainable cities and integrated townships.

Technologies for the promotion of low cost and affordable housing.

Green building solutions.

Sustainable and environmentally friendly building materials.

Training and skill development of construction sector workers.

Smart cities.

Urban water supply, urban sewerage and sewage treatment.

A list of recent patents filed in the construction Industry:

WO/2017/194984 A1

Title: MODULAR CONSTRUCTION AND INSULATION ELEMENT FOR A BUILDING

Assignée: MIQUEL, Hervé (6 rue François Charvet, Chambéry, 73000, FR)

Publication Date: 16 Nov 2017

Abstract: The invention relates to a panel-based construction system for buildings. The construction element for a building comprises two stiffening plates (1-2) between which a load-bearing central core (3) is positioned, with an insulating foam (6-4) and linking beams (5-7) being provided on each side thereof. These components are assembled one against the other by means of bonding.

2) WO/2017/191232 A1

Title: CLIMBING SHOE FOR FIXING A CLIMBING SCAFFOLD TO A CONCRETE SECTION OF A BUILDING UNDER CONSTRUCTION

Assignee: ULMA C Y E, S. COOP. (Paseo Otaduy 3, OÑATI, 20560, ES)

Publication Date: 9 Nov 2017

Abstract: Climbing shoe for fixing a climbing scaffold to a concrete section (2), comprising a first part (11) including clamps (14) configured for securing a track of the climbing scaffold and allowing the guided movement of the track while the climbing scaffold climbs in a substantially vertical direction, and a second part (30) fixed to the concrete section (2), the first part (11) being coupled to the second part (30). The first part (11) and the second part (30) are coupled to one another by means of a transverse guide (33) arranged in one of said parts (11, 30) and at least one hook (15) surrounding the transverse guide (33) arranged in the other one of said parts (11, 30), the hook (15) and the transverse guide (33) being able to slide with respect to one another for laterally disassembling the first part (11) with respect to the second part (30).

3). US 20170321444 A1

Title: METHODS AND APPARATUS OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION RESISTING EARTHQUAKE AND FLOOD DAMAGE

Assignee: Arx Pax Labs, Inc. (Los Gatos, CA, US)

Publication Date: 9 Nov 2017

Abstract: A three part foundation system for supporting a building is described. Three part foundation systems can include a containment vessel, which constrains a buffer medium to an area above the containment vessel, and a construction platform. A building can be built on the construction platform. In a particular embodiment, during operation, the construction platform and structures built on the construction platform can float on the buffer medium. In an earthquake, a construction platform floating on a buffer medium may experience greatly reduced shear forces. In a flood, a construction platform floating on a buffer medium can be configured to rise as water levels rise to limit flood damage.

4). WO/2017/198930 A1

Title: BINDER BASED ON CALCIUM ALUMINOSILICATE DERIVATIVES FOR CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS.

Assignée: SAINT-GOBAIN WEBER (Rue de Brie, Servon, 77170, FR)

Publication Date: 23 Nov 2017

Abstract: The present invention relates to a hydraulic binder comprising at least 80% by weight of a ground granulated blast-furnace slag and at least one accelerator of the hardening reaction, said accelerator comprising at least one source of calcium sulfate and at least one nucleating agent in the form of particles, the BET specific surface area of which is greater than 1 m2/g and the size of which is such that 50% of the particles have a mean diameter of less than 5 µm, said particles being chosen from calcium carbonates, magnesium carbonates, calcium magnesium carbonates, calcium silicate hydrates, aluminum silicate hydrates, alone or as a mixture. This binder may be used in a mortar and concrete composition which, once mixed with water, makes it possible to obtain construction materials.

5.) US 20170333939 A1

Title: CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL MIXING SYSTEM

Assignee: Tomorrow’s Tools, LLC (St. Louis, MO, US)

Publication Date: 23 Nov 2017

Abstract: Systems and methods for preparing construction material mixtures. A container can include a flexible body having an interior for receiving and holding construction material mixture components to be mixed. The construction material mixture components can be mixed in the interior by rotating a mixing tool. The flexible body is collapsible for forcing the construction material mixture out of a mouth of the container. The flexible body can be everted to facilitate cleaning the interior of the flexible body. The system can also include a stand, a mixing tool, a funnel, and/or a measuring cup.

6). US 20170322088 A1

Title: DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE TEMPERATURE OF A ROAD BUILDING MATERIAL APPLIED BY A CONSTRUCTION MACHINE, AND CONSTRUCTION MACHINE COMPRISING SUCH A DEVICE

Assignee: MOBA Mobile Automation AG (Limburg, DE)

Publication Date: 9 Nov 2017

Abstract: A device for determining the temperature of a road building material applied by a construction machine in a placement width includes an infrared temperature measuring head, a motor and a controller. The infrared temperature measuring head is arranged to be twistable by the motor in a manner transverse to the direction of travel of the construction machine so as to scan the surface of the road building material to capture temperature measuring values of the surface of road building material during a rotational movement at a plurality of measuring points spaced apart from one another. The controller is configured to set a scanning speed as a function of a position of the measuring point.

7). US 20170275847 A1

Title: Tool Holder for a Work Vehicle or Construction Machine

Assignée: GROUPE MECALAC (Annecy-Le-Vieux, FR)

Publication Date: 28 Sept 2017

Abstract: A tool holder includes a locking cylinder provided with two first gripping pins extending laterally from each side of the fixed part thereof, and two second gripping pins extending laterally from each side of the moving part thereof. The tool includes at least two reception assemblies each having a first receiving portion and a second receiving portion the openings of which are each facing and provided to receive one of the first gripping pins and one of the second gripping pins for retaining the tool on the tool holder. The tool is locked on the tool holder by means of the locking cylinder by moving each gripping pin into abutment at the bottom of the associated receiving portion thereof.

8). WO/2017/126999 A2

Title: METHOD AND TOOLS FOR REDUCING THE AMOUNT OF CONCRETE USED TO CONSTRUCT A STRUCTURAL FRAMEWORK

Assignee: AL-HARBI, Ahmed (Alahsaa, P.O. Box 2208 Alahsaa, 36422, SA)

Publication Date: 27 Sept 2017

Abstract: The invention provides a solution to the problem of the overuse of concrete, using a method for constructing walls by means of panels. The invention solves the problem of the use of large amounts of concrete while maintaining what is routine in the industry with respect to construction using specific measurements of the wall, by providing a method, along with tools, which consists in using panels inside the wall by forming empty rectangular cuboid formworks that displace the concrete by an amount equal to the volume thereof.

9). US 9828769 B2

Title: Foldable brick with rope attachments and detachable wall building system

Assignee: HOBİ ENDÜSTRİYEL ÜRÜN TASARIM UYGULAMA ÜRETİM İTHALAT İHRACAT LİMİTED ŞİRKETİ (Istanbul, TR)

Publication Date: 28 Nov 2017

Abstract: The invention is about a modular foldable brick that enables architectural elements such as stacked walls, arches, corners, doors, windows and wall niches to be constructed at indoor and outdoor conditions that divides, restricts and secures a certain space; Due to the possibility of folding the storing and carrying of this brick is possible at a minimum weight. The brick is connectable within itself and also attachable to others for constructing architectural elements as wall building systems. The foldable brick provides a foldable brick body that forms the outer walls and an inner wall being formed with three techniques; connecting/fixing (A-B groups)/encircling (C group). All three techniques are related to the forming of the detachable wall building system’s entity unit foldable and sustainable brick. All these three techniques are used simultaneously.

10.) WO/2017/200285 A2

Title: ELECTRIC DRIVER TIP STRUCTURE FOR FINISHING BUILDING OUTER WALL

Assignee: IN, Woong Yeol (#1-207 115, Hyoseo-roGyeyang-gu, Incheon, 21103, KR)

Publication date: 23 Nov 2017

Abstract: The present invention relates to an electric driver tip structure for finishing a building outer wall and, more specifically, to an electric driver tip structure for finishing a building outer wall, the tip structure pressing and rotating a screw nail by the engaging rotation of two threaded parts coupled in a screw form, in a state in which a panel and a stud are supported in a state of making contact with each other, so as to couple and fix the panel and the stud by passing the screw nail through the panel and the stud from the rear thereof, thereby quickly and stably performing a coupling operation of the panel and the stud (vertical support), and thus building outer wall finishing construction using a metal panel can be easily performed and time and costs can be significantly reduced.

11). WO/2017/185146 A1

Title: METHOD FOR THE RAPID CONSTRUCTION OF ENERGY-EFFICIENT BUILDINGS

Assignee: INSOMAT LLC (Po office 54951, Atlanta, GA, 30308, US)

Publication Date: 2 Nov 2017

Abstract:A method for the construction of energy-efficient buildings which provide thermal comfort to the occupants thereof. The outside walls are insulating walls, and the inside walls are thermally inert. The walls are constructed from one or more vertical layers printed simultaneously or consecutively. Each vertical layer consists of a different material and has a different thickness depending upon the strength, insulating properties or thermal inertia required of the layer in question. Nozzles mounted on movable carriages hold different materials. No computer is required to give coordinates. The nozzles move from one end to the other end of a carriage pertaining to a wall, which is located in a specific position. The movement of the nozzles on a frame is restricted by switches and a programmed controller, which stop the movement of a nozzle when it reaches the end of the wall, sending a signal to raise the device a step up and to commence movement in the opposite direction. The program of the programmed controller stays the same because the coordinates are set by the carriages with switches.

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Protecting Trade Secrets in India

How to protect TRADE SECRETS in India?

The primary goal of “Make in India” initiative was to make India a “Global Manufacturing Hub”. With both multinational companies and domestic companies manufacturing their products within the country, the significance of exports and the manufacturing sector in India has increased considerably. Several measures have been taken to ensure continuous and unending improvement of the Indian IP ecosystem in the country due to the need to extend such to exports for its proper commercialization.

Just as other Intellectual Property Rights, Trade Secrets are extremely valuable and sometimes even critical for a company’s growth and survival. Trade secret is a formula, process, device, method, technique or other business information having commercial value. This information is kept confidential and exclusive. Reasonable steps have been taken to maintain its secrecy to get competitive advantage over the competitors.   

For example, Trade secrets like Coca-Cola’s formula for its aerated drinks have been preserved for many decades and is not in the public domain.

India has no specific law for the protection of trade secrets. But, Article 39 of Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement to which India is a signatory provides for the specific provision for the protection of undisclosed information.

Article 39 of the TRIPS Agreement states that:

  1. In the course of ensuring effective protection against unfair competition as provided in Article 10b is of the Paris Convention (1967), Members shall protect undisclosed information in accordance with paragraph 2 and data submitted to governments or governmental agencies in accordance with paragraph 3.
  2. Natural and legal persons shall have the possibility of preventing information lawfully within their control from being disclosed to, acquired by, or used by others without their consent in a manner contrary to honest commercial practices (10) so long as such information:                                                                                                                     (a) is secret in the sense that it is not, as a body or in the precise configuration and assembly of its components, generally known among or readily accessible to persons within the circles that normally deal with the kind of information in question          (b) has commercial value because it is secret; and                                                        (c)

    has been subject to reasonable steps under the circumstances, by the person lawfully in control of the information, to keep it secret.

  3. Members, when requiring, as a condition of approving the marketing of pharmaceutical or of agricultural chemical products which utilize new chemical entities, the submission of undisclosed test or other data, the origination of which involves a considerable effort, shall protect such data against unfair commercial use. In addition, Members shall protect such data against disclosure, except where necessary to protect the public, or unless steps are taken to ensure that the data are protected against unfair commercial use.

     Unlike Patents and Copyrights which can be protected for about 20 years and 100 years respectively, trade secrets can potentially last much longer. A trade secret continues to remain a trade secret as long as any other person does not independently discover the information.Due to the absence of law for the protection of trade secrets, Indian courts have approached trade secrets protection on the basis of principles of equity, action of breach of confidence and contractual obligations.

    In India, a person can be contractually bound to not disclose any information which is told to him in confidence and if the person discloses the information, he/she can be sued for violating the Non-Disclosure Agreement.

    Companies can include a non-disclosure agreement in their employment contracts which prevents the employees to disclose any sensitive and confidential information regarding the company during their term of employment with the company or afterwards so that the secret is not spilled out. In cases where the trade secret is in a physical form like blueprints, files etc. a strict Security System should be in place so that this confidential information remains confidential.

    If your business relies on sensitive information that you would consider to be a trade secret, we encourage you to consult with a legal practitioner for advice on maximizing its protection.

    Patents | Intellectual Property India