Lately, there is an escalation in the number of medical cases due to an unhealthy lifestyle, absence of physical workouts, and non-conventional food habits. This makes the Indian wellness industry, a very big prospect in terms of revenue and target market. India has an unmatched heritage represented by its ancient systems of medicine. Indian systems of medicine and homoeopathy particularly Ayurveda and Yoga are widely recognised for their comprehensive approach to health and are effective in both prevention as well as curation of a disease.
India is the second largest exporter of Ayurvedic and alternative medicine in the world with the wellness market of worth INR 490 Billion. The demand for Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) and herbal products is surging in India and abroad. India has 6200 indigenous herbal plants and its vast reservoir of natural flora, fauna, ancient texts and knowledge have made it an authority in the field of AYUSH. The country’s vast AYUSH infrastructure comprises of 736,538 registered practitioners, 26,107 dispensaries and 3167 hospitals in public sector, 501 undergraduate colleges with annual intake of 28,018 students, 151 centres for postgraduate[ education with annual admission of 3504 scholars and 8896 licensed drug manufacturing units.
The Government of India has set up a dedicated Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH) with the aim of providing stimulus to the ancient healthcare system. The Indian system of Ayurvedic medicine and homoeopathy continue to be widely used. The recent patents filed in the wellness industry in India are:
Title: SYSTEMS METHODS AND ARTICLES FOR ENHANCING WELLNESS ASSOCIATED WITH HABITABLE ENVIRONMENTS
Assignee: DELOS LIVING LLC
Publication Date: 20 Jan 2017
Environmental characteristics of habitable environments (e.g. hotel or motel rooms spas resorts cruise boat cabins offices hospitals and/or homes apartments or residences) are controlled to eliminate reduce or ameliorate adverse or harmful aspects and introduce increase or enhance beneficial aspects in order to improve a “wellness” or sense of “wellbeing” provided via the environments. Control of intensity and wavelength distribution of passive and active Illumination addresses various issues symptoms or syndromes for instance to maintain a circadian rhythm or cycle adjust for “jet lag” or season affective disorder etc.. Air quality and attributes are controlled. Scent(s) may be dispersed. Noise is reduced and sounds (e.g. masking music natural) may be provided. Environmental and biometric feedback is provided. Experimentation and machine learning are used to improve health outcomes and wellness standards.
Title: A SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REAL TIME ASSESSMENT OF WELLNESS AND HEALTH INSURANCE
Assignee: eExpedise Technologies Private Limited
Publication Date: 4 Aug 2017
The present invention provides an integrated system to expedite the risk assessment process at the time of issuance of policy, and determine the premium based on several preventive care initiatives of individuals at the time of issuing health insurance policy, wherein the system identifies list of options for services, provides a score, makes a decision on issuance of policy, calculates the premium amount and relays the information to a user or proposer. Further, the system provides services selected from the group consisting of details of service provider, underwriting, claim adjudication, suspicious profile management, wellness advisory, predictive analysis, cost of the service based on health records and the user selects at least one option from provided list of options.
Title: METHOD FOR STRESS MANAGEMENT AND OVERALL HEALTH STATUS IMPROVEMENT AND COMPOSITIONS USED THEREIN
Assignee: OMNIACTIVE HEALTH TECHNOLOGIES LIMITED
Publication Date: 10 Nov 2017
Carotenoid compositions are described for management treatment and/or prevention of stress by reducing cortisol levels and/or improving distribution and/or density of macular pigment and thus improving overall health status. More particularly a subject in need thereof for the method has disturbed macular pigment optical density or increased levels of cortisol as markers of psychological and physiological stress. Methods are also described of administering macular carotenoid compositions in daily doses of at least or about 0.005mg/kg body weight of lutein and at least or about 0.001mg/kg body weight of meso zeaxanthin and zeaxanthin isomer along with at least one food grade excipient and evaluating overall health status. The composition may be derived from plant extract containing xanthophylls and/or xanthophylls esters. The composition also reduces cortisol levels in the blood and relieves physiological stress thus improving overall health status of a subject in need thereof.
Title: SYSTEM, DEVICE AND METHOD FOR REMOTELY MONITORING THE WELL BEING OF A USER WITH A WEARABLE DEVICE
Assignee: KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V
Publication Date: 6 Oct 2017
Systems devices methods for providing a speech pattern as a metric of well being system for remotely monitoring the wellbeing of a patient are disclosed. In one exemplary embodiment a system can include at least one wearable device that is configured to collect body sensor data and speech pattern data associated with a patient wearing the device and analyze the data to determine if the patient’s emotional well being is compromised. In some exemplary embodiments the wearable device can be configured to send an alert to at least one caregiver device that indicates the patient’s emotional well being is compromised. The wearable device can also be configured to send recommendations on courses of action to alleviate the condition.
Title: BEHAVIORAL ANALYSIS TO AUTOMATE DIRECT AND INDIRECT LOCAL MONITORING OF INTERNET OF THINGS DEVICE HEALTH
Assignee: QUALCOMM INCORPORATED
Publication Date: 29 Sept 2017
The disclosure generally relates to behavioral analysis to automate monitoring Internet of Things (IoT) device health in a direct and/or indirect manner. In particular normal behavior associated with an IoT device in a local IoT network may be modeled such that behaviors observed at the IoT device may be compared to the modeled normal behavior to determine whether the behaviors observed at the IoT device are normal or anomalous. Accordingly in a distributed IoT environment more powerful “analyzer” devices can collect behaviors locally observed at other (e.g. simpler) “observer” devices and conduct behavioral analysis across the distributed IoT environment to detect anomalies potentially indicating malicious attacks malfunctions or other issues that require customer service and/or further attention. Furthermore devices with sufficient capabilities may conduct (local) on device behavioral analysis to detect anomalous conditions without sending locally observed behaviors to another aggregator device and/or analyzer device.
Title: EXERCISE DEVICE
Assignee: TE3 OY
Publication Date: 17 Nov 2017
The invention relates to a device (100) for performing exercises comprising a housing (105) a deviation sensor (140) for detecting a deviation of said housing (105) from an equilibrium and a control unit (110) coupled to said deviation sensor (140) arranged to count deviations from the equilibrium.
Title: METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR REAL TIME VISUALIZATION OF INDIVIDUAL HEALTH CONDITION ON A MOBILE DEVICE
Assignee: RATH Matthias W.
Publication Date: 24 Nov 2017
A method and technology to display 3D graphical output for a user using body sensor data personal medical data in real time is disclosed. A consolidated methodology to bring user meaningful life information based on real time sensor results analysis expert Q&As “What if scenarios and future emulation all in one artificial intelligence expert system is described. A unique rendering of 3D image of ones organ cell or subcellular level display related to one’s health condition can be visualized on a graphical user interface of a devices or devices. The change of the display from one level such as from organ to cell or cell to subcellular level or vice versa is enabled is disclosed.
Innovations in food technology sector goes in accordance with the consumer demand for healthy and safe food and while simultaneously improving the quality and shelf life of the food product. The food industry is at present interested in some of the novel food processing technologies that improves the quality of food but at a low cost. The major industries constituting the food processing sector are grain milling, sugar, edible oils, beverages, fruits & vegetables processing and dairy products.
India has a rich agriculture resource and was ranked No.1 in the world in 2013 in terms of production of Arecanut, Bananas, Castor oil seed, Chickpeas, Chillies & Peppers dry, Ginger, Lemons & limes, Mangoes, Mangosteens, guavas, Millet, Okra, Papayas, Pigeon peas, Meat- buffalo, Milk-whole fresh buffalo & goat, Ghee, butter oil of cow milk, Ghee of buffalo milk and sesame seed. India ranks second in the world in the production of Anise, fennel, coriander, beans-dry, cabbages and other brassicas, cauliflower & broccoli, Egg plants (aubergines), Garlic, Groundnuts with shell, Lentil, Onions dry, Peas green, Potatoes, Pumpkins, Squash and Gourds, Rice/Paddy, Safflower seed, Sugar cane, Tea, Tomatoes, Wheat, Meat-goat, Milk whole fresh cow. Further, India is at third position in the production of Cashew nuts, with shell, Coconuts, Lettuce and chicory, Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms, Pepper (piper spp.) and Rapeseed.
India’s strategic geographic location and its close vicinity to food-importing nations makes India favourable for the export of processed food products. A total of 127 agro-climatic zones have been identified in India. Moreover, 42 Mega Food Parks (MFP) are being setup in India with an investment of USD 2.38 billion. The parks have around 1250 developed plots with basic enabled infrastructure that entrepreneurs can take on lease for the setting up of food processing and ancillary units. With an extensive network of food processing training, academic and research institutes, the cost of skilled manpower is relatively low in India as compared to other countries.
In order to promote innovations in food processing sector, Central and state governments have instated attractive incentives like capital subsidies, tax rebates, depreciation benefits, and reduced custom and excise duties for processed food and machinery.
Food processing is recognised as a priority sector in the Make in India policy and is one of the major employment oriented segments in India. With the growing awareness and concern for health and wellness, consumers are experimenting with different cuisines, tastes and new brands paving the way for new investment opportunities in the food processing sector. The recent patents filed in the Food processing sector in India are:
Title: INTELLIGENT FOOD COOKING MACHINE
Assignee: WANG Aiqun
Publication Date: 17 Nov 2017
Disclosed is an intelligent food cooking machine comprising a rack (1) a bowl storage mechanism (2) a distributing and fetching mechanism (3) a pushing mechanism (4) a microwave heating mechanism (5) and a delivering and lifting mechanism (6). The intelligent food cooking machine is combined with a coin feed device and a change device; a bowl filled with food is taken out from the bowl storage mechanism (2) via the distributing and fetching mechanism (3); when the bowl is put in a lower stop position of the distributing and fetching mechanism (3) the pushing mechanism (4) pushes the bowl into the microwave heating mechanism (5) to perform heating treatment; after the food in the bowl is heated the pushing mechanism (4) re pushes the bowl onto the delivering and lifting mechanism (6) and the bowl is delivered to a bowl fetching window (14) via the delivering and lifting mechanism (6) so that a process of intelligently heating the food and selling the food is realized; and the intelligent food cooking machine is simple in structure and convenient to use.
Title: FOOD PREPARATION APPARATUS AND METHOD
Assignee: KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.
Publication Date: 17 Nov 2017
Disclosed is a food preparation apparatus (100) comprising a food preparation compartment (101); a dielectric sensor (120) in said food preparation compartment a data storage device (130) storing food seasoning data as a function of a dielectric constant of the food product said food seasoning data relating to a plurality of condiments to be added to the food product; and a processor arrangement (110) coupled to said dielectric sensor. The processor arrangement is adapted to determine a dielectric property of a food product in the food preparation compartment from sensor data provided by said dielectric sensor; retrieve food seasoning data for the food product corresponding to the determined dielectric property from the data storage device; and for each condiment of said plurality generate a seasoning instruction signal for adding an amount of said condiment of said plurality to the food product based on the retrieved food seasoning data until all condiments of said plurality have been added to the food product. A method of automatically generating seasoning instructions for adding a plurality of condiments to a food product during preparation of the food product is also disclosed.
Title: VISCOUS FOOD PRODUCT GRINDING AND DISPENSING SYSTEM
Assignee: Trade Fixtures, LLC
Publication Date: 21 Nov 2017
A viscous food product dispensing system having a transport section for receiving a particulate food product from a bin, an auger for processing and conveying the received particulate food product from the transport section into an outlet adapter via one or more flutes, a milling device housed in the outlet adapter, and a discharge nozzle in the outlet adapter that pinches off the viscous food product created by the milling device. The auger has a unique design that allows it to engage and break whole nuts.
Title: FOOD PRODUCTS AND PROCESSES FOR PREPARATION THEREOF\
Assignee: SHIRODKAR, Jyoti
Publication Date: 17 May 2017
The present disclosure relates to pre-mixed barley based compositions comprising barley, cereals, pulses, spices, dry fruits and flavoring agents. The ingredients are present in pre-determined proportion to each other. Various food products can be prepared from the pre mixed barley based compositions, which can be consumed by healthy individuals as well as individuals suffering from obesity, dyslipidemia, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and the like. The present disclosure also provides a process for preparing the pre-mixed barley based compositions.
Title: METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR AUTOMATIC END-TO-END PREPARATION AND MANAGEMENT OF FOOD
Assignee: Vishnu Gurusamy Sundaram
Publication Date: 27 April 2017
The embodiment herein provide a method and system for providing an integrated cooking machine, which automates the process of cooking completely and support connected operation in the cooking such as share recipes, order recipes and even support connecting with the ingredient supplier ecosystem for ordering the required items. Thereby eliminating several food processing machines and even to the extent of removing kitchen in a house. The system includes electro-mechanical components for performing the cooking operation, which is driven by electronic circuits fed by programs that make this operation happen. The programs are stored in the device or downloaded from the cloud platform, which authenticates these machines and provide the required information. The system also has intuitive interface on the device to create recipes. The system is also configured to measure the output parameters of the food.
6). 2774 / MUM / 2014
Title: AUTOMATIC FOOD COOKING MACHINE
Assignee: MAHAVIR BABULAL, Suthar [IN/IN]; (IN).
BABULAL DOLATRAM, Suthar [IN/IN]; (IN)
Publication Date: 3 March 2016
The present invention relates to automatic cooking machine, without any human interaction. In the present invention, full Indian dish including roti / paratha, sabji, dhal and rice is processed, cooked and served in dishes automatically. In the present invention, all vegetables are controlled by the microcontroller / PLC system. It is about multiple different recipes saved in program and customized. Food cooking machine is eco-friendly & eco-user. The present invention is self cleaning and sterilizing which is controlled by microcontroller / PLC and all media of communication.
In this rapidly changing globally competitive environment, companies have no option but to be innovative inorder to survive. Innovation can be in the form of a new product/technique or improvement of an existing product /technology.
Construction Industry in India is no exception.Construction industry abounds with innovative products and techniques and the construction activities contribute to more than 8% of India’s GDP. Because of various government and private initiatives, there is an increased demand for real estate and infrastructure projects and companies in the construction sector are developing a number of products, services and processes that can be used used for new construction.
The following OPPORTUNITIES are available for innovation in the CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY:
Construction development in residential, retail, commercial and hospitality sectors.
Technologies and solutions for smart sustainable cities and integrated townships.
Technologies for the promotion of low cost and affordable housing.
Green building solutions.
Sustainable and environmentally friendly building materials.
Training and skill development of construction sector workers.
Urban water supply, urban sewerage and sewage treatment.
A list of recent patents filed in the construction Industry:
Title: MODULAR CONSTRUCTION AND INSULATION ELEMENT FOR A BUILDING
Assignée: MIQUEL, Hervé (6 rue François Charvet, Chambéry, 73000, FR)
Publication Date: 16 Nov 2017
Abstract: The invention relates to a panel-based construction system for buildings. The construction element for a building comprises two stiffening plates (1-2) between which a load-bearing central core (3) is positioned, with an insulating foam (6-4) and linking beams (5-7) being provided on each side thereof. These components are assembled one against the other by means of bonding.
2) WO/2017/191232 A1
Title: CLIMBING SHOE FOR FIXING A CLIMBING SCAFFOLD TO A CONCRETE SECTION OF A BUILDING UNDER CONSTRUCTION
Assignee: ULMA C Y E, S. COOP. (Paseo Otaduy 3, OÑATI, 20560, ES)
Publication Date: 9 Nov 2017
Abstract: Climbing shoe for fixing a climbing scaffold to a concrete section (2), comprising a first part (11) including clamps (14) configured for securing a track of the climbing scaffold and allowing the guided movement of the track while the climbing scaffold climbs in a substantially vertical direction, and a second part (30) fixed to the concrete section (2), the first part (11) being coupled to the second part (30). The first part (11) and the second part (30) are coupled to one another by means of a transverse guide (33) arranged in one of said parts (11, 30) and at least one hook (15) surrounding the transverse guide (33) arranged in the other one of said parts (11, 30), the hook (15) and the transverse guide (33) being able to slide with respect to one another for laterally disassembling the first part (11) with respect to the second part (30).
3). US 20170321444 A1
Title: METHODS AND APPARATUS OF BUILDING CONSTRUCTION RESISTING EARTHQUAKE AND FLOOD DAMAGE
Assignee: Arx Pax Labs, Inc. (Los Gatos, CA, US)
Publication Date: 9 Nov 2017
Abstract: A three part foundation system for supporting a building is described. Three part foundation systems can include a containment vessel, which constrains a buffer medium to an area above the containment vessel, and a construction platform. A building can be built on the construction platform. In a particular embodiment, during operation, the construction platform and structures built on the construction platform can float on the buffer medium. In an earthquake, a construction platform floating on a buffer medium may experience greatly reduced shear forces. In a flood, a construction platform floating on a buffer medium can be configured to rise as water levels rise to limit flood damage.
4). WO/2017/198930 A1
Title: BINDER BASED ON CALCIUM ALUMINOSILICATE DERIVATIVES FOR CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS.
Assignée: SAINT-GOBAIN WEBER (Rue de Brie, Servon, 77170, FR)
Publication Date: 23 Nov 2017
Abstract: The present invention relates to a hydraulic binder comprising at least 80% by weight of a ground granulated blast-furnace slag and at least one accelerator of the hardening reaction, said accelerator comprising at least one source of calcium sulfate and at least one nucleating agent in the form of particles, the BET specific surface area of which is greater than 1 m2/g and the size of which is such that 50% of the particles have a mean diameter of less than 5 µm, said particles being chosen from calcium carbonates, magnesium carbonates, calcium magnesium carbonates, calcium silicate hydrates, aluminum silicate hydrates, alone or as a mixture. This binder may be used in a mortar and concrete composition which, once mixed with water, makes it possible to obtain construction materials.
Abstract: Systems and methods for preparing construction material mixtures. A container can include a flexible body having an interior for receiving and holding construction material mixture components to be mixed. The construction material mixture components can be mixed in the interior by rotating a mixing tool. The flexible body is collapsible for forcing the construction material mixture out of a mouth of the container. The flexible body can be everted to facilitate cleaning the interior of the flexible body. The system can also include a stand, a mixing tool, a funnel, and/or a measuring cup.
6).US 20170322088 A1
Title: DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE TEMPERATURE OF A ROAD BUILDING MATERIAL APPLIED BY A CONSTRUCTION MACHINE, AND CONSTRUCTION MACHINE COMPRISING SUCH A DEVICE
Assignee: MOBA Mobile Automation AG (Limburg, DE)
Publication Date: 9 Nov 2017
Abstract: A device for determining the temperature of a road building material applied by a construction machine in a placement width includes an infrared temperature measuring head, a motor and a controller. The infrared temperature measuring head is arranged to be twistable by the motor in a manner transverse to the direction of travel of the construction machine so as to scan the surface of the road building material to capture temperature measuring values of the surface of road building material during a rotational movement at a plurality of measuring points spaced apart from one another. The controller is configured to set a scanning speed as a function of a position of the measuring point.
7). US 20170275847 A1
Title: Tool Holder for a Work Vehicle or Construction Machine
Assignée: GROUPE MECALAC (Annecy-Le-Vieux, FR)
Publication Date: 28 Sept 2017
Abstract: A tool holder includes a locking cylinder provided with two first gripping pins extending laterally from each side of the fixed part thereof, and two second gripping pins extending laterally from each side of the moving part thereof. The tool includes at least two reception assemblies each having a first receiving portion and a second receiving portion the openings of which are each facing and provided to receive one of the first gripping pins and one of the second gripping pins for retaining the tool on the tool holder. The tool is locked on the tool holder by means of the locking cylinder by moving each gripping pin into abutment at the bottom of the associated receiving portion thereof.
8). WO/2017/126999 A2
Title: METHOD AND TOOLS FOR REDUCING THE AMOUNT OF CONCRETE USED TO CONSTRUCT A STRUCTURAL FRAMEWORK
Assignee: AL-HARBI, Ahmed (Alahsaa, P.O. Box 2208 Alahsaa, 36422, SA)
Publication Date: 27 Sept 2017
Abstract: The invention provides a solution to the problem of the overuse of concrete, using a method for constructing walls by means of panels. The invention solves the problem of the use of large amounts of concrete while maintaining what is routine in the industry with respect to construction using specific measurements of the wall, by providing a method, along with tools, which consists in using panels inside the wall by forming empty rectangular cuboid formworks that displace the concrete by an amount equal to the volume thereof.
9).US 9828769 B2
Title: Foldable brick with rope attachments and detachable wall building system
Assignee: HOBİ ENDÜSTRİYEL ÜRÜN TASARIM UYGULAMA ÜRETİM İTHALAT İHRACAT LİMİTED ŞİRKETİ (Istanbul, TR)
Publication Date: 28 Nov 2017
Abstract: The invention is about a modular foldable brick that enables architectural elements such as stacked walls, arches, corners, doors, windows and wall niches to be constructed at indoor and outdoor conditions that divides, restricts and secures a certain space; Due to the possibility of folding the storing and carrying of this brick is possible at a minimum weight. The brick is connectable within itself and also attachable to others for constructing architectural elements as wall building systems. The foldable brick provides a foldable brick body that forms the outer walls and an inner wall being formed with three techniques; connecting/fixing (A-B groups)/encircling (C group). All three techniques are related to the forming of the detachable wall building system’s entity unit foldable and sustainable brick. All these three techniques are used simultaneously.
10.) WO/2017/200285 A2
Title: ELECTRIC DRIVER TIP STRUCTURE FOR FINISHING BUILDING OUTER WALL
Assignee: IN, Woong Yeol (#1-207 115, Hyoseo-roGyeyang-gu, Incheon, 21103, KR)
Publication date: 23 Nov 2017
Abstract: The present invention relates to an electric driver tip structure for finishing a building outer wall and, more specifically, to an electric driver tip structure for finishing a building outer wall, the tip structure pressing and rotating a screw nail by the engaging rotation of two threaded parts coupled in a screw form, in a state in which a panel and a stud are supported in a state of making contact with each other, so as to couple and fix the panel and the stud by passing the screw nail through the panel and the stud from the rear thereof, thereby quickly and stably performing a coupling operation of the panel and the stud (vertical support), and thus building outer wall finishing construction using a metal panel can be easily performed and time and costs can be significantly reduced.
11). WO/2017/185146 A1
Title: METHOD FOR THE RAPID CONSTRUCTION OF ENERGY-EFFICIENT BUILDINGS
Assignee: INSOMAT LLC (Po office 54951, Atlanta, GA, 30308, US)
Publication Date: 2 Nov 2017
Abstract:A method for the construction of energy-efficient buildings which provide thermal comfort to the occupants thereof. The outside walls are insulating walls, and the inside walls are thermally inert. The walls are constructed from one or more vertical layers printed simultaneously or consecutively. Each vertical layer consists of a different material and has a different thickness depending upon the strength, insulating properties or thermal inertia required of the layer in question. Nozzles mounted on movable carriages hold different materials. No computer is required to give coordinates. The nozzles move from one end to the other end of a carriage pertaining to a wall, which is located in a specific position. The movement of the nozzles on a frame is restricted by switches and a programmed controller, which stop the movement of a nozzle when it reaches the end of the wall, sending a signal to raise the device a step up and to commence movement in the opposite direction. The program of the programmed controller stays the same because the coordinates are set by the carriages with switches.
The primary goal of “Make in India” initiative was to make India a “Global Manufacturing Hub”. With both multinational companies and domestic companies manufacturing their products within the country, the significance of exports and the manufacturing sector in India has increased considerably. Several measures have been taken to ensure continuous and unending improvement of the Indian IP ecosystem in the country due to the need to extend such to exports for its proper commercialization.
Just as other Intellectual Property Rights, Trade Secrets are extremely valuable and sometimes even critical for a company’s growth and survival. Trade secret is a formula, process, device, method, technique or other business information having commercial value. This information is kept confidential and exclusive. Reasonable steps have been taken to maintain its secrecy to get competitive advantage over the competitors.
For example, Trade secrets like Coca-Cola’s formula for its aerated drinks have been preserved for many decades and is not in the public domain.
India has no specific law for the protection of trade secrets. But, Article 39 of Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement to which India is a signatory provides for the specific provision for the protection of undisclosed information.
Article 39 of the TRIPS Agreement states that:
In the course of ensuring effective protection against unfair competition as provided in Article 10b is of the Paris Convention (1967), Members shall protect undisclosed information in accordance with paragraph 2 and data submitted to governments or governmental agencies in accordance with paragraph 3.
Natural and legal persons shall have the possibility of preventing information lawfully within their control from being disclosed to, acquired by, or used by others without their consent in a manner contrary to honest commercial practices (10) so long as such information: (a) is secret in the sense that it is not, as a body or in the precise configuration and assembly of its components, generally known among or readily accessible to persons within the circles that normally deal with the kind of information in question (b) has commercial value because it is secret; and (c)
has been subject to reasonable steps under the circumstances, by the person lawfully in control of the information, to keep it secret.
Members, when requiring, as a condition of approving the marketing of pharmaceutical or of agricultural chemical products which utilize new chemical entities, the submission of undisclosed test or other data, the origination of which involves a considerable effort, shall protect such data against unfair commercial use. In addition, Members shall protect such data against disclosure, except where necessary to protect the public, or unless steps are taken to ensure that the data are protected against unfair commercial use.
Unlike Patents and Copyrights which can be protected for about 20 years and 100 years respectively, trade secrets can potentially last much longer. A trade secret continues to remain a trade secret as long as any other person does not independently discover the information.Due to the absence of law for the protection of trade secrets, Indian courts have approached trade secrets protection on the basis of principles of equity, action of breach of confidence and contractual obligations.
In India, a person can be contractually bound to not disclose any information which is told to him in confidence and if the person discloses the information, he/she can be sued for violating the Non-Disclosure Agreement.
Companies can include a non-disclosure agreement in their employment contracts which prevents the employees to disclose any sensitive and confidential information regarding the company during their term of employment with the company or afterwards so that the secret is not spilled out. In cases where the trade secret is in a physical form like blueprints, files etc. a strict Security System should be in place so that this confidential information remains confidential.
If your business relies on sensitive information that you would consider to be a trade secret, we encourage you to consult with a legal practitioner for advice on maximizing its protection.
In business, there are numerous instances in which you have to share confidential information with another party. For example you have a business idea. In order to execute the idea you will have to share the idea with potential partners, investors or employees.
Startup companies with a new and profitable idea can only succeed if what they are working on remains under wraps. But the key to doing so safely is making sure that the other party is bound to respect the confidential information you provide them and not use it in a way that is detrimental for your business.
Inorder to keep a lid on the sensitive information, a non-disclosure agreement, or NDA, alternatively referred to as confidentiality agreements (CA), confidentiality statements, or confidentiality clauses is signed between two parties.
A Non-Disclosure Agreement is typically put to use while disclosing confidential information to potential investors, creditors, clients, or suppliers. Some people might not like the idea of signing a non-disclosure agreement saying “Don’t you trust me?” But without such a signed agreement, any information disclosed in trust can be used for malicious purposes or be made public accidentally. NDA is a promise between two or more parties that the information conveyed will be maintained in secrecy.
The confidentiality of the information is maintained for a specified period of time as mentioned in the agreement. But once the information is made public, that loses it’s “confidentiality” people will be free to disclose the information.
Types of Non-Disclosure Agreements:
The specific content of each Non-disclaimer agreement is unique as it will relate to details of specific information, proprietary data involved and what is being discussed. In general there are two types of non-disclosure agreements.
Unilateral Non-disclosure agreement: A unilateral agreement binds only one party to the agreement for example a company signs a unilateral non-disclosure agreement with an employee. Employee agrees not to disclose or reveal confidential information learnt while on the job. The majority of NDAs fall under these category and are intended to protect a business trade secret. Researchers and professors at research universities or at R&D department in the private sector are at times required to sign an NDA before they carry out research with the business or university that supports them.
Mutual non-disclosure agreement: A mutual non-disclosure agreement is typically executed between two parties exploring a possible business arrangement or a joint venture or some other possible merger that might have a mutual benefit to both parties.
“The scope of improvement is infinite, precisely because perfection is unattainable”.
Often, after filing a patent for an invention, additional modifications and improvement of the invention surface. The improvements or modifications may take place as a result of further experimentation to improve the invention, or as a result of feedback received from the industry.
In such a scenario, where the invention is already protected by a patent, the improvement or modification over the original patented product or process may be protected by a “Patent of Addition” in India.
“Patent of Addition” falls under Sections 54, 55 and 56 of the Patents Act, 1970. A patent of addition facilitates the addition of new subject matter in the form of modifications and improvements to an existing disclosure of the parent application, while retaining the priority date for claims based on the original disclosure by the patentee.
Filing a new patent application is another option, but the priority date of the new patent will be different from that of the previously filed application (or parent application). The claims of the patent of addition inherit the priority date of the parent application. As a result, claims in the patent of addition can have a priority date that is before the filing of the patent of addition.
However, the applicant must be the same for the parent patent application and the patent of addition. If the improvement or modification involves an additional applicant, a patent of addition may not be pursued.
A patent of addition effectively enables an applicant to make incremental improvements and add embodiments that might not justify their own patent applications without needing to file parallel applications. More specifically, the applicant need not pay a renewal fee for a patent of addition, thereby saving costs.
A patent of addition is a suitable and attractive option for applicants to add additional features onto previously filed patent applications, it may not always be the right tool for the job, it has its own disadvantages.
In contrast to the perception that the patent of addition inherits the priority date of a parent application, certain claims may have their own priority dates. Only the claims fully supported by the disclosure of the parent patent application are entitled to the priority date of the parent patent application.
A term of a patent is 20 years from the date of filing of patent application and the term of patent of addition is limited to its parent application’s term. For example, a patent of addition filed in 2017 that claims priority to a parent application filed in 2013 will expire in 2033, as opposed to 2037 if a new patent application was filed instead of patent of addition application. This reduced patent tenure might result in loss of significant revenue from products or methods that pertains to the new patent claims supported by the patent of addition.
Further, introduction of new claims in the patent of addition may leave the door open for an opponent to assert the invalidity of parent application if the disclosure in the parent application do not justify the additional claims. In situations where support for the new subject matter of the patent of addition is not clearly set out in the parent application, it may be advantageous to file a separate application to utilise the distinctiveness of the new claims, and to obtain the benefit of a full patent term.
Accordingly, a patent applicant must look at all the pros and cons before making a decision to apply for a patent of addition.
What are we aiming at GOLDILOCK Economy for Our Business Startup which will take into account the challenge I would like to UNDERPIN. We want best of everything. Knowledge is always outside our comfort zone. Unicorn business model takes into account economic growth of the country as the startup provide job opportunities, low inflation rate, more employment to the GEN X population who are very intelligent in many ways. The holistic view of the contextual experience is increase in asset price of the intellectual property created by the individual creative mind.
There are peaks and troughs in fund-raising journey of a startup business. Startups go through multiple rounds of financing to raise investment in order to cover business expenses based on escalation of company’s valuation.
HOW to evaluate Business Growth?
In case of mobile app innovation what is the frequency of usage of the user spending time on the mobile application.
After the business has shown some of a track record, and when company is generating some revenue (though it might not be net profit), Series A funding is a critical stage in optimization of product and services and for the growth in customer base. The ultimate goal of series A round of financing is to cover up the expenses involved in carrying out additional market research and finalization of the product or service that the company is introducing in the market.
The company is still in the product development stage so the risk involved in the series A round of funding is the highest and Series A funding is commonly offered in the form of preferred stock and may have anti-dilution provisions in case more financing is given, in the form of common stock or preferred stock, in the future.
In an increasingly competitive marketplace, many startups are unable to impress investors to get Series-A funding because of multiple reasons like the venture failed to demonstrate their ability to grow; the team failed to build the skill-sets and competitiveness; lack of Intellectual property that can give the company an unfair advantage; lack of market validation or a poor product or service.
Preparation is the key to everything. Startups should align their thoughts and conversations with the investors perspective for getting follow-up meetings after the initial interaction with the investors. The following things should be kept in the mind:
To excel in the game of series A financing, a company should be well-versed with the investment criteria of an investor. Different investors have criteria of investing in a venture.Some may give more weightage to market sentiments while some other may give to the team.
Have a sound knowledge of the investment scenario of different sectors. This will help you understand the investor’s view of your sector and you will be in a better position to seek investment for your venture.
There should be synergy in your venture and the portfolio companies of the investor. This will help the investor understand the relevance of investment in your venture.
Be clear on what you seek from the investor beyond the money and how they may add value to your venture.
Eight BEST Funding Opportunities
The digital era has opened your world to more than a market. Through the crowdfunding sites, you can pitch your business to strangers and ask for funding. At the crowdfunding platform, lay out your business idea and give a detailed description of what the business is, your profit making plans, how much money you expect to raise, and why you need to raise funds via the platform.Companies that raise funds via crowdfunding platforms have been able to increase their profitability since the platform benefits entrepreneurs in two ways; through the funds raised and through the marketing that products receive. Since crowdsourcing is a competitive funding option, your business must be rock solid and appealing to customers and investors.
Using venture capitalists
Venture capitalists are professionals who invest in companies with high potential for growth. To get the attention of a venture capitalist, your business model should show potential for rapid growth and the ability to disrupt the market.
Venture capitalists only invest in startups with extremely high potential for big returns on investments. As a result, venture capitalists evaluate the sustainability and the scalability of any business they consider investing in. To get a venture capitalist interested, you should have a disruptive product as well as a big market that will result in faster and bigger returns on investments.
You should also note that venture capitalists offer mentorship and their expertise once they sign up with you. Therefore, if you believe that your business is competitive and able to attract a venture capitalist’s interest, ask for their funding. You should be willing to give up a percentage of your company.
Did you know that Google, Alibaba, and Yahoo got investments from angel investors? Angel investors are individuals who invest in potentially profitable businesses with their surplus disposable income. Before investing in your company, the angel investors will screen your business to ascertain its worth and the potential for growth.
Just like venture capitalists, angel investors invest in a stake of your company but they offer mentorship. Their propensity for high risk businesses is what determines if your business is taken up or not.
Winning business competitions
While repaying your debt consolidation loan, you should take advantage of your business’ potential by getting into contests. Most of these competitions require business plans and the entrepreneur with the best idea wins a big sum of money. The funds won should be injected into the business for better investment returns.
Most of these competitions are broadcast in the media. Besides winning the reward money, you will benefit from free marketing. People remember the winning business and this gives your business a great head start.
Funding from business incubators and accelerators
There are numerous funding opportunities in the market. However, to know about them and to benefit from them, you should be open-minded and aggressive. Search online or ask around for business incubators and accelerators. Business incubators provide shelter tools, network, and training just as parents do to their children while accelerators help businesses take the giant leap. To benefit, you must be willing to commit time, develop good networks and learn from your mentors, investors, and fellow entrepreneurs.
Government funding programs
The government supports local entrepreneurs. To reduce unemployment and to encourage self-dependency, the government has instituted departments to aid in sharing funds to the most innovative businesses. Businesses ideas that promise societal growth besides high profits always get a higher priority.
Online peer to peer lenders
Besides angel investors, there are groups or individuals online who often provide affordable loans to persons in search of affordable and unsecured loans. Though you will be servicing the debt consolidation loan, the loans from peer to peer lenders are affordable and if you are confident that you can repay the two loans comfortably, then you should take it up.
This is also called self-funding. It is an effective funding option when you are starting out and when you have savings. Besides personal savings, you can also ask your friends and family for funding. Though resources are stretched under bootstrapping, your business will be attractive to investors later on. Knowing that you build a business by yourself inspires confidence.
“Jaan hai to Jahan Hai”. (If) there’s life, then there’s the world.
If there’s anything worth using technology, it’s for keeping ourselves alive and healthy. With the development in technology, healthcare in India is showing a gradual progress. The medical industry has undoubtedly benefited hugely from technological advancements and is the most promising market for businesses across the globe. There are millions of opportunities to create an evolving business by tackling the major medical challenges of the mass population. Numerous startups and companies are looking to HealthTech to offer life-changing products that harness innovation to enhance quality of care. But what are the latest developments in the works, and which companies are fuelling them?
1). Scalp cooling to prevent chemotherapy-related hair loss
Chemotherapy-induced temporary hair loss is one of the most common and distressing side-effects of cancer therapy. The Scalp cooling system has the potential to reduce cellular uptake of chemotherapy agents and decrease the chances of hair follicles experiencing damage from chemotherapy. During the clinical trial, 50.5% of patients were able to preserve their hair using the scalp cooling system. The system was FDA-approved in May 2017 and is starting to become available in hospitals nationwide.
Title: Head cooler
Assignee: Dignitana AB
Publication Date: 11 Aug 2015
Abstract: A head cooler (10) comprises a thermal exchange cap (11) and an outer insulating cover (12) to be arranged on a patient’s head. The cap (11) has a channel system (31, 32) for a cooling fluid forming an inside heat exchange surface to be applied on said head for cooling the head. The thermal exchange cap (11, 60) is adjustable and/or adaptable to compensate for a discrepancy in shape and size between the inside surface of the head cooler (10) and the head. The head cooler (10) may further comprise an eyebrow cooler (140) for cooling the area of the eyebrows. The head cooler (140) is used in medicine. A method for preventing hair loss of a patient is provided by arranging the head cooler (10) on the head of said patient.
2. Centralized medical monitoring system
In a hospital health care monitoring system it is necessary to constantly monitor the patient’s physiological parameters
Title: Medical monitoring system based on sound analysis in a medical environment
Assignee: KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.
Publication Date: 23 May 2017
Abstract: The invention relates to a medical monitoring system (100) based on sound analysis in a medical environment. A sound level analyzer (SLA, 10) is capable of providing an indicator for perceived levels of sound from a number of sound events, and a data storage modality (DSM, 20) is receiving and storing said indicator for perceived levels of sound and also corresponding information from an associated patient monitoring system (PMS, 60) handling information indicative of a physical and/or mental condition of a patient under influence by sound. A sound event analyzer (SEA, 30) is further being arranged for performing, within a defined time window, an overall sound analysis (ANA, 50) related to physical and/or mental condition of the patient that may be influenced by sound in order to assist or supervise medical personal with respect to the acoustic environment.
3. Enhanced recovery after surgery
Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols are multimodal perioperative care pathways designed to achieve early recovery after surgical procedures by maintaining preoperative organ function and reducing the profound stress response following surgery.
Title: Compositions and methods for enhancing recovery after surgery or an athletic performance
Assignee: Top Doctors Labs (Fairfield, CA, US)
Publication Date: 15 March 2016
Abstract: The invention provides compositions and dosage forms, e.g., in the form of dietary supplements, such as pills, tablets, beverages, or gels, that enhance recovery after surgery or after an athletic performance. An exemplary composition or dosage form comprises about 5000 IU of vitamin A, about 15 mg of vitamin B1, about 34 mg of vitamin B2, about 25 mg of vitamin B3, about 50 mg of vitamin B5, about 20 mg of vitamin B6, about 90 μg of vitamin B12, about 300 mg of vitamin C, about 500 IU of vitamin D, about 60 IU of vitamin E, about 160 μg of vitamin K1, about 5 μg of vitamin K2, about 300 μg of biotin, about 400 μg of folate, about 30 μg of PABA, about 1 mg of boron, about 200 μg of chromium, about 500 μg of copper, about 150 mg of magnesium, about 5 μg of manganese, about 100 μg of molybdenum, about 135 μg of selenium, about 100 μg of vanadium, about 20 mg of zinc, about 150 μg of iodine, about 1.2 mg of pomegranate extract, about 250 mg of bromelain, and about 250 mg of quercetin. Methods for using the compositions and dosage forms for enhancing recovery after surgery or after an athletic performance are also provided herein. The invention also provides kits comprising a composition or dosage form described herein.
4. Targeted breast cancer therapies
Targeted cancer therapies target specific characteristics of cancer cells, or gene mutations that result in tumor development. Targeted therapies as the name specifies specifically target cancer cells and are less likely to harm normal and healthy cells as compared to chemotherapy.
Title: Stable gene targets in breast cancer and use thereof for optimizing therapy
Assignee: Cytognomix Inc. (London, Ontario, CA)
Publication Date: 18 April 2017
Abstract: A method for determining genes in breast cancer that are stable in copy number, expression and sequence in tumors from nearly all patients. Certain stable genes are targets of standard chemotherapy. The effectiveness of therapies that act upon these targets depends on maintaining the stability and integrity of these genes in tumors. Mutations in these targets result in poor response to therapies that target these gene products. In the instant invention, ordinarily stable gene targets are characterized as either normal or mutant for the purpose of determining whether to include or exclude particular drugs as potential treatments.
Title: ADAM22 for use as a prognostic variable, and target for therapy, of a metastatic breast cancer disease
Assignee: Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (Dublin, IE)
Publication Date: 15 March 2016
Abstract: A method of diagnosing metastatic potential of a breast cancer in an individual with breast cancer is described. The method comprises a step of assaying a breast cancer tumor sample from the patient for expression of A Disintegrin and Metalloproteinase 22, (ADAM22), wherein expression of ADAM22 correlates with increased potential for metastasis compared with a patient who is ADAM22 negative. The invention also describes an agent for use in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer in a patient, in which the agent is selected from leucine-rich, glioma-inactivated protein 1 (LGI1) protein (SEQ ID NO:1) and an LGI1 peptide mimic capable of mimicking the ADAM22 binding activity of LGI1 by binding to the LGI1 binding domain of ADAM22 (SEQ ID NO: 4) and which is capable of inhibiting migration of endocrine resistant breast cancer cells.
Next-generation vaccine platform
It is expected that the medical industry will be seeing an upgrade to the entire vaccine platform to expedite new vaccines while also creating new ways of delivering vaccines.
Title: Multivalent breast cancer vaccine
Assignee: The Cleveland Clinic Foundation (Cleveland, OH, US)
Publication Date: 3 May 2016
Abstract: Compositions and methods for immunization against human breast cancer are disclosed. In one embodiment the multivalent antigenic composition is provided comprising immunogenic polypeptides selected from the group consisting of human α-lactalbumin, αS1 casein, β-casein and κ-casein.
Title: Mutated and bacteriophage T4 nanoparticle arrayed F1-V immunogens from Yersinia pestis as next generation plague vaccines
Assignee: The Catholic University of America (Washington, DC, US)
Publication Date: 3 May 2016
Abstract: Techniques from two basic approaches, structure-based immunogen design and phage T4 nanoparticle delivery, are developed to construct new plague vaccines. The NH2-terminal β-strand of F1 of Yersinia pestis is transplanted to the COOH-terminus of F1 of Yersinia pestis and the NH2-terminus sequence flanking the β-strand of F1 of Yersinia pestis is duplicated to eliminate polymerization but to retain the T cell epitopes. The mutated F1 is fused to the V antigen of Yersinia pestis to thereby form a fusion protein F1mut-V mutant, which produces a completely soluble monomer. The fusion protein F1 mut-V is then arrayed on phage T4 nanoparticles via a small outer capsid protein, Soc, from a T4 phage or a T4-related phage. Both the soluble and T4 decorated F1mut-V provided approximately 100% protection to mice and rats against pneumonic plague evoked by high doses of Yersinia pestis CO92.
6. The emergence of distance health
Physicians are working toward a goal of being able to provide healthcare from the comfort of a patient’s home. This means bringing monitoring devices into the homes and the ability to have a physician tell a patient the type of treatment they need to go through for certain conditions without having to go into the doctor’s office.
Title: System and method for remote tele-health services
Assignee: VIDEOKALL, INC. (Potomac, MD, US)
Publication Date: 8 Dec 2015
Abstract: A tele-health services cabin includes a plurality of vital signs monitoring devices, a cabin management unit, and videoconferencing hardware via which a remote practitioner in a remote medical call center videoconferences with a patient in the cabin to diagnose symptoms of the patient. The cabin management unit includes a processor that controls the cabin, a data input at which patient data is provided from the vital signs monitoring devices, and a transmitter connectable to a communication link for bi-directional communication between the cabin management unit and the medical call center, where the transmitter transmits the patient data to the medical call center. The tele-health services cabin may include a patient chair including a motorized seat back and at least one sensor encapsulated in the seat back. The tele-health services cabin may include a hands-free medical device station. The tele-health services cabin may include an automatic cleaning system.
7. The LDL cholesterol lowering drugs
LDL cholesterol lowering drugs are expected to be disruptors in the next year. The new drugs are expected to lower cholesterol to unprecedented levels.
Title: Statin and omega 3 fatty acids for reduction of apolipoprotein-B levels
Assignee: Pivotal Therapeutics Inc. (Woodbridge, Ontario, CA)
Publication Date: 10 Feb 2015
Abstract: A composition and a method of treatment utilizing a combination of statins (or HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors), a class of drug used to lower cholesterol levels by inhibiting the enzyme HMG-CoA reductase, with mixtures of an omega-3 fatty acid formulation containing about 90% or more omega 3 fatty acids by weight including a combination of Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), Docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) and Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in a weight ratio of EPA:DHA of from 5.7 to 6.3, wherein the sum of the EPA, DHA and DPA represent about 82% by weight of the total formulation and about 92% of the total omega 3 fatty acid content of the composition are taught.
Title: 3,3′-disubstituted indolines as inhibitors of cholesterol ester transfer protein
Abstract: 3,3′-Disubstituted indoline compounds, including pharmaceutically acceptable salts of the compounds, are CETP inhibitors and are useful for raising HDL-cholesterol, reducing LDL-cholesterol, and for treating or preventing atherosclerosis.
8. Hybrid closed-loop insulin delivery system
In 2016, the FDA approved the first hybrid closed-loop insulin delivery system. The system is designed to help manage Type 1 diabetes. It is a fully automated insulin delivery system that connects a continuous glucose monitor with an insulin pump, eliminating the need for people with diabetes having to test and manage their insulin levels themselves.
Title: Method and system for closed-loop control of an artificial pancreas
Assignee: Animas Corporation (West Chester, PA, US)
Publication Date: 24 Oct 2017
Abstract: Methods and systems for controlling an insulin pump in response to glucose measurements are responsive to a base insulin delivery profile and a temporary insulin delivery profile. These can be used, e.g., to control blood glucose level of a subject using a continuous glucose monitor and an insulin infusion pump. During a selected time range, an insulin amount for the pump to supply is determined using the temporary insulin delivery profile. Outside that time range, the insulin amount is determined using the base insulin delivery profile. The temporary insulin delivery profile can specify an exact amount to be supplied (a “hard” profile), a nominal amount to be supplied if doing so does not drive glucose out of a desired zone (“soft”), or a soft profile with a minimum amount of insulin to be delivered (“semi-soft”).