Adapting to market demands and innovation will be the way forward for clean energy sources and technologies, experts from India and Japan said at the Global Partnership Summit here on Monday. The panel of experts was discussing the theme of ‘Clean Energy Sources and Technology’, especially the role of solar energy in India’s renewable energy expansion plan.
The discussion saw the participation of Masatsugu Shimono, Vice Chairman, IBM, Japan; Taishi Sugiyama, Senior Research Fellow, The Canon Institute for Global Studies; Aishwarya Kachhal, Indus Towers Limited and Prity Khastgir, Founder & CEO, Tech Corp International Strategist (TCIS). The session was moderated by Pranav Mehta, Founder Chairman, National Solar Energy Federation of India.
Setting the tone for the discussion, Mehta stressed that renewable energy has figured prominently in the Paris climate accord that has been ratified by 170 countries till now. He pointed out that while the developed countries were leading renewable energy production a few years back, China has now sped ahead by becoming the world’s top solar energy producer, ahead of United States of America, Germany and Japan. India is the sixth largest producer of solar energy and a recent report by consulting firm Bridge to India said that India’s solar energy capacity is expected to touch 20GW or 20,000 MW by the end of 2017-18 financial year. Currently, around 22% of India’s power comes from renewable energy sources, Mehta said.
Mehta added that there is also an urgent need for energy efficiency as conventional energy production sees significant loss during generation, distribution, storage and use.
Meanwhile, researcher Taishi Sugiyama said that in the coming years, electric vehicles, self-driven cars and car sharing are going to be major contributors in cutting carbon emissions. “Carbon dioxide emissions can be reduced up to 100% and can also bring a host of economic benefits,” said Sugiyama.
The panelists also emphasized RE’s impact on social innovation, health and livelihoods of people. Keeping in mind the present growth rate of the economy, the energy needs are expected to double in the next 6 to 7 years. To meet these needs, solar harvesting and big data analytics will play a pivotal role, said Prity Khastgir.
The Global Partnership Summit has evolved from the India Japan Global Partnership and the three-day event will see participation of over 200 speakers including central government ministers, industry leaders, academicians and social entrepreneurs. They will speak on issues such as clean energy, urban development, mobility, health and education among others.
Patent Search: Determine how prior art is similar or different?
Patent filing requires “money”. Patents have filing fees, professional fees and maintenance fees over the life of the patent and a large amount of money is required for the defence of the patent. A Patent search is carried out inorder to ascertain that the patent generates enough financial gains to justify the cost associated with its filing and the time and expense of moving forward with a patent application is a worthwhile.
For inventors, searching prior-art in the form of patents filed and granted should be the first step in the patent application process. Patent search gives an opportunity to discover which aspects of your invention can be claimed and high quality patent searches can help inventors anticipate about the scope of any patent claim. Without a patent search an inventor will describe the various aspects of an invention as if they are equally important which won’t be the case.
A patent is lot more than just a document. Careful assessment of patents found in the search report is tedious but the inventors who really take the time to read the key patents found in the search know its importance in contributing to the decision about whether to move forward with the patent application and then ultimately to meaningfully contribute to the preparation of a patent application.
Unfortunately, a lot of inventors only give a hasty and not thorough review of the patents found, thereby missing a great opportunity to use the prior art found to figure out what is most likely unique and patentable. Inventors perhaps look at the titles, the pictures, maybe read the Abstract and get overwhelmed.
For this reason inventors frequently choose to hire a patent professional or patent attorney for carrying out patent search. The inventor has the detailed knowledge of the invention, and is in the best position to identify the similarity and differences of the invention with respect to the prior art and the patent professional is in the best position to determine whether those differences will likely contribute to patentability through a collaborative approach.
A detailed compiled disclosure of the invention forms the foundation of a strong patent application. Determining how the prior art is similar and how it is different is essential to being able to gather great detail of information that can be put together while writing a patent application and invariably leads to a far more detailed written description of the invention.
Many a times inventors carry out a patent search themselves before filing a patent application and during the patent examination an exact invention already patented is found. But this is why you do the search!!!!
Thus, It is better to spend a modest amount of money on patent search before filing a patent application to learn about the prior patents instead of spending a lot of money on patent application only to learn later that no patent could be obtained.
Sustainable innovations and their impact on economic growth of the country
Technology and innovation policy is linked to the three verticals of sustainable development namely economic growth, social integrity and environmental conservation.
Sustainability requires innovations with a reduced impact on the environment. In the face of current situation, world’s three biggest challenges are: water supply, energy supply, and global warming.
But even the most advanced brands haven’t begun to approach solutions to the issue. Most companies are spending their resources working on reuse and minimizing the resources that go into producing goods. But that can only take us part of the way to sustainability.
The major issue is that most companies are coming up with more and more products for the consumers without mechanisms for re-usage. The problem is getting worse with ever-shortening product life cycles.
Why is it that even the remarkably innovative, entrepreneurial, and intensely competitive companies can’t find ways to deal with these global challenges?
Finding sustainable solutions isn’t about discovering new, indelibly disruptive ideas because the more green solutions we have, the less effective and efficient processes become.
There are three major changes brands must put into place to find a solution to this problem.
Standardize– There will be no sustainable business without standardization. Companies in all industries need to agree to certain manner of production that allow for recycling. To win the battle of sustainability, companies will have to give up individuality for standards. For example. In many countries, glass bottles used in beer and wine industries are reused over and over again. This is possible only because the big brands have agreed to stick to a certain size and type of bottle.
Design products well- The time it takes to get most products to market has been significantly reduced over the last decades. But to become sustainable, companies need to take their time and extend their product’s life cycle. Well-designed products simply last longer.
Redefine Consumption- Last but most important, companies must rethink the very idea of what they want consumers to consume and how they create value. The way towards sustainability is to add extra value to the everything from interior design, product innovation, marketing, and services already existing. The companies should learn that they can minimize the consumption of goods but increase total consumption at the same time.
All this poses a significant challenge to the current mindset of the managers of most companies. They have to learn that the next innovation frontier is about breaking away from resource dependence, decoupling growth and consumption, and prolonging product life cycles .
Three Types Of Innovation. Here’s How To Manage Them
“Dreamers are mocked as impractical. The truth is they are the most practical, as their innovations lead to progress and a better way of life for all of us.” ― Robin S. Sharma
With a view of generating revenue immediately from new products, a firm should customize the process of product development for different kinds of innovations. For a company the biggest challenges aren’t in coming up with big ideas but in the organizational and management issues that these new ideas bring along.
No matter what a company is dealing in, companies strive to create innovative products and services adequately and accurately.
“Chance favors the connected mind.” ― Steven Johnson
For an individual to to bring new ideas to market, create more realistic testing and growth expectations and better manage their innovation pipelines, it is important to identify the types of innovations, needs and the correct approach to nurture and grow the type of innovation.
THE THREE TYPES OF INNOVATIONS
To prolong their stay in the market, companies need to come up with sustaining products and services. Sustaining innovations in products or services help any organization raise the bar enough to stay in the game. These innovations can sometimes be thought of as modification of an already existing product.
To significantly up the level of game within an existing category a company should come up with remarkable offerings. The product should be such that seeing it, customers couldn’t help but want it–over time making it the best-selling product.
“Progress is made by lazy men looking for easier ways to do things.” ― Robert A. Heinlein
When we think about an innovation, many of us have some sort of ideas in our mind. Such breakthrough ideas are called disruptive innovations because they disrupt the current market behavior, rendering existing solutions old-school, transforming values, and bringing previously marginal customers and companies into the center of attention.
The Social media could be considered a disruptive innovation within sports. More specifically, the social media has radically changed the way that news in sports circulates nowadays. Social media has created a new market for sports that was not around before in the sense that players and fans have instant access to information related to sports.
“In a world of change, the learners shall inherit the earth, while the learned shall find themselves perfectly suited for a world that no longer exists.” ― Eric Hoffer
To help explain the difference between these three types of innovations, let’s look at the coffee industry. Maxwell House came up with a dark roast version of coffee, it introduced a sustaining innovation. A new flavour was only a variation on their existing products.
A breakout innovation was General Foods’ line of International Coffees, which added connoisseur of fine flavors to the instant coffee category and elevated the at-home coffee experience. And Starbucks has obviously been a disruptive innovation, turning coffee into a destination experience worth paying a lot more for.
“Innovation is the specific instrument of entrepreneurship…the act that endows resources with a new capacity to create wealth.” ― Peter F. Drucker
In a given category, disruptive innovations come first and are then followed by a series of progressive innovations, with sporadic breakout hits interspersed. Eventually, the market is disrupted once again, starting the cycle anew.
Although disruptive innovations have the potential to yield the greatest benefit to a company, it is not necessary that it will lead to immediate market success. Because disruptive offerings differ significantly from the existing products, they often require time to gain market acceptance.
“You have to take your own bold approach, and if you do you will be rewarded with success. Or calamitous failure. That can happen too.” ― Steven Moffat
Analysis of revenue and consumer buying patterns:
Sustaining: Immediately moderate, then tapering off.
Breakout: Rapidly strong, then quickly dropping to a lower level.
Disruptive: Longer gestation period leading to exponential growth.
For disruptive undertakings, success typically requires different development processes,
different approval and funding mechanisms, and different performance expectations. At
times, work on a disruptive innovation gets stalled in a system that is optimized for the creation of sustaining offerings. For the success of a project a company should tailormade their approach depending on the goals.
“Innovation is an evolutionary process, so it’s not necessary to be radical all the time.” ― Marc Jacobs
To support the ultimate goal of generating immediate revenue, companies should classify each of its new product concepts within the framework of sustaining, breakout, or disruptive. This allows a company to manage risk and reward at a portfolio level.
Categorizing innovations using this framework is an effective way to ensure that target outcomes are in line with the expectations. Companies are able to focus their innovation efforts by clearly stating that they are prioritizing the development of breakout products and consciously minimizing the exploration of disruptive opportunities.
“Do not get obsolete like an old technology, keep innovating yourself.” ― Sukant Ratnakara
Food Processing Sector-“priority sector” in India’s Make in India Programme
India is one of the quickest growing economies in the world. India has climbed 30 ranks in the World Bank’s ease of doing Business rankings 2017 and was ranked number 1 in the world in 2016 in greenfield investment. The government of India is undertaking a range of transformational initiatives as a result of which India is also rapidly progressing on the Global Innovation Index, Global Logistics Index and Global Competitiveness Index. World Food India (WFI) was a gateway to the Indian food economy and an opportunity to showcase, connect, and collaborate.
“World Food India 2017”
A global event to facilitate partnerships between Indian and international businesses and investors held in India from 3rd Nov 2017 to 5th Nov 2017. World Food India 2017 was organized by the Ministry of Food Processing Industries, Government of India and was inaugurated by Honourable Prime Minister Narendra Modi at Vigyan Bhavan in New Delhi on 3rd Nov 2017. World Food India 2017 hosted the largest gathering of investors, manufacturers, producers, food processors, policy makers, and organizations from the global food ecosystem to provides opportunities for both investment and trade in the food processing sector for leading Indian and International companies.
Food Processing Sector is the”priority sector” in India’s Make in India Programme. India is now the most preferred investment destination in the Food processing Sector because 100% Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is now permitted, for trading, including via e-commerce, of food products manufactured in India. As an incentive from the Union and state governments, it has become very easy to obtain loans for food and agro-based processing units, and cold chains at low Interest Rates.
Nivesh Bandhu or investor’s friend is a one of its kind portal launched by Government of India to bring together information on Central and State Government policies and incentives provided for the food processing sector. It is also a platform for business networking, for farmers, processors, traders, and logistics operators.
Copyright in the Digital Age: A Vital Tool for Artists
The modern Internet and Digital age has drastically changed the landscape of art industry. With the emergence of digital art software technology artists can create more work and can easily circulate their art regardless of their location.
Internet exposure has brought art to people all over the world, dramatically increasing the demographic and target audience. By simply designing an attractive website and by posting art in online stores, an artist can reach millions of people all from his home. An artist can serve as an inspiration for many budding artists throughout the world by posting tutorials and videos to share his knowledge.
In addition, potential clients and employers from anywhere can easily see the portfolio of an artist and contact him with only a few mouse clicks.
In the face of technological advancement, copyright law has undergone continuous evolution. “Copyright” provides exclusive rights to the authors and artists in order to encourage the production of creative works. These exclusive rights are balanced by a range of limitations and exceptions that permit some uses of copyrighted works without the need for authorization. Copyright assures authors the right to their original expression, but encourages others to build freely upon the ideas and information conveyed by a work.
In this era of Internet and digitalization, copyright is an essential tool for the survival of an artist as it protects his creation and career. An artist may be too inspired by the work of another artist that he intentionally or unintentionally take on qualities of that artist’s work and fine line between inspiration and copying is often crossed.
In many cases, the aspiring artists may then too closely copy the style of an established artist and thus offer clients similar works at a much cheaper rate.
With modernization and computer revolution, Digital Piracy and Copyright Infringement has become very easy. So education and awareness about Intellectual Property infringement is something that is very important, especially in the art industry. An artist puts a lot of time and efforts in creating an art and how can anyone simply claim it as their’s and use it for their own needs without any permission granted whatsoever. Without a Copyright, art is susceptible to infringers.
Prevnar 13®”- Pfizer’s pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) Patent in India Case Study
Pneumonia is an acute respiratory infection which affects the lungs. It causes difficulty in breathing and limits oxygen intake. It can be caused by bacteria, fungi or viruses and is a contagious disease. Symptoms of pneumonia include cough, difficulty in breathing, fast breathing or wheezing. Infants may experience an inability to feed or drink, unconsciousness or convulsions, or worse. It is the biggest cause of death among infants in India due to infectious diseases accounting for nearly 20% of global infant pneumonia deaths.
“All our dreams can come true if we have the courage to pursue them.”- Walt Disney
PFIZER is viewed as one of the “World’s biggest pharmaceutical companies”. The company creates and delivers medicines and vaccines for a wide range of restorative orders, including immunology, oncology, cardiology, endocrinology, and neurology.
Pfizer scientists have produced innovative breakthroughs in a wide range of research areas, including depression, high cholesterol, HIV infection, hypertension, bacterial infections and systemic fungal infections, cancer, arthritis, and osteoporosis.
“Opportunities don’t happen. You create them.” – Chris Grosser
Indian Patent Office has granted Pfizer Inc. a patent for its powerful pneumonia vaccine“Prevnar 13® ” barring other companies from making affordable copies of the vaccine, giving Pfizer the exclusive right to sell it in India until 2026.
Prevnar 13® is a vaccine indicated for active immunization for the prevention of pneumonia and invasive disease caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes 1, 3, 4, 5, 6A, 6B, 7F, 9V, 14, 18C, 19A, 19F, and 23F.
“There is no easy walk to freedom anywhere, and many of us will have to pass through the valley of the shadow of death again and again before we reach the mountaintop of our desires.” – Nelson Mandela
The grant of patent to Pfizer Inc.’s pneumonia vaccine, Prevnar 13® was opposed by Indian vaccine maker Panacea Biotec Ltd and MSF (Médecins Sans Frontières) India stating that this would make this vaccine out of reach of thousands in poor nations as several poor nations depend on India’s strong drug industry to supply cheaper copies of medicines and vaccines. The grant of patent for the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV)- Prevnar 13® means Indian companies won’t be able to make the vaccine for in-house use, or exports.
“If you’re not stubborn, you’ll give up on experiments too soon. And if you’re not flexible, you’ll pound your head against the wall and you won’t see a different solution to a problem you’re trying to solve.” – Jeff Bezos
Panacea Biotec Ltd has filed a review petition with the Controller of Patents seeking the cancellation of the decision of the patent. According to Panacea Biotec, Pfizer’s vaccine does not qualify as an invention as defined under the Indian Patents Act, 1970, and is, therefore, non patentable. Panacea Biotec is developing its own more affordable version of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV). It is currently undergoing clinical trials.
“Happiness is a butterfly, which when pursued, is always beyond your grasp, but which, if you will sit down quietly, may alight upon you.” – Nathaniel Hawthorne
MSF(Médecins Sans Frontières)India approached the Delhi high court to revoke the patent. Leena Menghaney, the petitioner who is representing MSF (Médecins Sans Frontières) India said “A public health perspective used for scrutinizing pharmaceutical patent applications is an essential bulwark to ensure wider access to essential medicines and vaccines. Examiners in the Indian patent office must be aware that the decision they take to grant a patent can directly affect access to life-saving medicines and vaccines in India and across the developing world”.
Tech Corp International Strategist (TCIS, India)
Every business has a #strategy. We at TCIS facilitate the process of identifying Key issues and help amplify business goals of any business (short term goals and long term goals). Everything is simple we tend to complicate and use heavy words to prove our point.
About Bee Vectoring Technologies International Inc.
BVT has developed and owns patent-pending bee vectoring technology that is designed to harmlessly utilize bumblebees and honeybees as natural delivery mechanisms for a variety of powdered mixtures comprised of organic compounds that inhibit or control common crop diseases, while at the same time enhancing crop vigor and productivity. This unique and proprietary process enables a targeted delivery of crop controls using the simple process of bee pollination to replace traditional crop spraying, resulting in better yields, superior quality, and less impact on the environment without the use of water or disruptions to labour.
Bee Vectoring Technologies (the “Company” or “BVT”) (BEE) is feeling enthusiastic to announce that it has received notice of allowance of subject patent applications in two new and significant agricultural sector and gets approval of patent on October 2, 2017.
Chile Patent No. 53.259: Represents the first patent protected by the Company in South America.
Japan Patent No. 6066496: Represents the first patent protected in Japan, and increasing the strength of the Asian patent portfolio which already includes a previously approved patent in China.
BVT CEO, Ashish Malik said “These patent approvals are important milestones for the company as Chile and Japan are significant anchor countries for the agricultural sector of South America and Asia respectively. The crop protection market in Chile and Japan combined is estimated to be US$2.7 billion. In particular, fruit and vegetable crops makes a wide portion of both the Chilean and Japanese markets, and both are amongst the largest markets in the world. Securing patents in North America, South America, Europe, Asia and Australia allows us to pursue the global market opportunity that exists for crop protection with confidence and helps ensure our approach of being first to market with our proprietary solutions.” Malik added “With these patents secured, BVT safeguards our competitive advantage and allows us to further our business development discussions with potential partners who are showing interest in working with us to introduce our system to growers worldwide. Many partners have a strong preference in working only with proprietary and patent-protected technologies. As we move through the commercialization process, these partners will be critical to our success in these markets and provide scalability quickly and efficiently.”
The patent applicant Bee Vectoring Tech Inc filed a patent titled “APPARATUS FOR TREATMENT OF PLANTS” bearing patent publication number PL2693871 on 2011-04-07. The inventor of the present innovation under agricultural sector are Collision Michael and Howard D Hearn. The patent invention relates to treatment of growing trees or plants, for e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, and for prolonging the life of plants. The innovation relates to a tray for positioning in an exit path of a bee hive comprises a base, a bee entrance end, and a bee exit end. Spaced apart side walls extend upwardly from the base. The sidewalls extend generally lengthwise between the bee entrance end and bee exit end. A plurality of posts extend upwardly from the base and are positioned between the bee entrance end and the bee exit end. The posts are generally circular in cross-section. The posts act as obstacles around which the bees must walk to reach the bee exit end from the bee entrance end.
The patent innovation would be classified as beehives, for e.g. ventilating devices, entrances to hives, guards, partitions, and bee escapes. However, the present innovation can also be classified as appliances for treating beehives or parts thereof, for e.g. for cleaning or disinfecting.
The patent applicant Bee Vectoring Tech Inc filed a patent titled “Isolated strain of clonostachys rosea for use as a biological control agent” bearing publication number PE09492016 on 2013-09-11.The inventor of the present innovation under agricultural sector are Sutton John and Mason Todd Gordon. The patent invention relates to Symbiotic or parasitic combinations including one or more new plants e.g. mycorrhiza . The innovation Described is an isolated strain of the fungus Colonostachys rosea termed BVT Cr-7 useful as a biological control agent for the treatment of plants. The isolated strain, formulations comprising said strain and/or spores derived from said strain may be applied to plants or plant materials in order to improve plant yield, to improve plant growth, or for the treatment or prevention of diseases or pathogens in the plant. The innovation relates to a Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; (apparatus for the destruction of noxious animals or noxious plants fungicidal, bactericidal, insecticidal, disinfecting or antiseptic paper Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests.
The innovation makes use of substance containing ingredients stabilising the active ingredients.
The patent applicant Bee Vectoring Tech Inc filed a patent titled “Containing ingredients stabilising the active ingredients” bearing publication number US2016213006 on 2012-03-12.The inventor of the present innovation under agricultural sector are MASON Todd Gordon and Sutton John Clifford.The Patent invention relates to a isolated strain, formulations comprising said strain and/or spores derived from said strain may be applied to plants or plant materials in order to improve plant yield, to improve plant growth, or for the treatment or prevention of diseases or pathogens in the plant.” The innovation described a powder plant treatment formulation for application to plants by insect vectoring includes: a plant treatment agent; a stabilizing agent bonded to the plant treatment agent for stabilizing the plant treatment agent; a moisture absorption agent for absorbing moisture from the formulation; an attracting agent for attracting the formulation to plants; and a diluent.The patent invention relates to Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators, characterised by their forms, or by their non-active ingredients or by their methods of application, e.g. seed treatment or sequential application; (apparatus for the destruction of noxious animals or noxious plants,fungicidal, bactericidal, insecticidal, disinfecting or antiseptic paper,Substances for reducing the noxious effect of the active ingredients to organisms other than pests.The Invention makes use of a substance that contain ingredients stabilising the active ingredients.
The patent applicant Bee Vectoring Tech Inc filed a patent titled “APPARATUS FOR TREATMENT OF PLANTS” bearing patent number US9526233 on 2016-12-27. The inventor of the present innovation under agricultural sector are Collinson Michel Howard D Hearn and Kevan Peter G. The patent innovation relates a bee vectoring apparatus includes a tray for positioning in the exit path of a beehive. The tray includes a bottom, a bee entrance end, and a bee exit end. The apparatus includes a tray lid positioned above the bottom, with first and second barrier walls extruding downwardly from the lid. A ceiling extends between bottom ends of the first and second barrier walls. The patent invention would contain some other details of beehives, e.g. ventilating devices, entrances to hives, guards, partitions, bee escapese e.t.c.
BVT has also filed a patent application with the US patent office for novel system that allows the delivery of plant protection products to crops using commercial honeybees.
The Company is pursuing an aggressive Intellectual Property (IP) strategy that covers five different patent families and 60 patent applications worldwide. The IP strategy supports the Company’s documented growth strategy to selectively expand its market opportunities while it drives towards commercialization of its proprietary system in the US.
BVT’s technology described in these patents includes a specialist apparatus for the treatment of plants with inoculants and control agents to manage diverse diseases and pests and enhance the yield and quality of crops. The inoculants and control agents are housed in proprietary removable trays within a dispenser system that is incorporated in the lid of commercial bumble bee hives.
The bumblebees pick up the inoculant on their way out of the hive and deliver the treatment to the plant in a very targeted and sustainable way.
Our delivery platform provides a groundbreaking management system that delivers highly targeted and effective pest and disease control and improves the quality of your crop.We combine our active ingredients and easy to use tray system with the natural pollination process of commercially reared bees. This provides the foundation for a season-long pest and disease management program with a biological control that is safe for bees, people and the environment. Ashish Malik, President & CEO Neither TSX Venture Exchange nor its Regulation Services Provider (as that term is defined in the policies of the TSX Venture Exchange) accepts responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this release.
This press release contains certain “forward-looking statements” that involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties. All statements in this press release, other than statements of historical fact, that address events or developments that BVT expects to occur, are forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements in this press release include, but are not limited to, statements with respect to BVT’S future plans and technologies, including the timing of such plans and technologies. Forward-looking statements are statements that are not historical facts and are generally, but not always, identified by the words “expects”, “plans”, “anticipates”, “believes”, “intends”, “estimates”, “projects”, “potential”, “indicate” and similar expressions, or that events or conditions “will”, “would”, “may”, “could” or “should” occur. Although BVT believes that the expectations expressed in such forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, such statements are not guarantees of future performance and actual results may differ materially from those in forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause the actual results to differ materially from those in forward-looking statements include continued availability of capital, financing and required resources (such as human resources, equipment and/or other capital resources), and general economic, market or business conditions. Investors are cautioned that any such statements are not guarantees of future performance and actual results or developments may differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking statements.