Patent Application Filing Procedure-Process in India
Patent Filing India, patent filling steps, Patent Innovative Ideas, patent research service, PATENT STRATEGY, tech corp legal

7 Step Strategy for Preliminary Patent Searches

This article provides a 7 step strategy for searching and evaluating relevant prior-art or any publication that discloses the invention for which a patent is to be filed.

1). The First and the most important step is to Brainstorm Terms that describe your invention. Begin by analysing and describing in written the purpose, composition and use of invention. Note down the important keywords and synonyms of words that describe the invention.

2). The second step involves identification of relevant Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC) using the keywords identified in the previous step from the USPTO (United States Patent & Trademark Office) Website Search Feature. Go to the USPTO Home Page and enter “CPC scheme (Key words describing invention)” on the top right search box and scan the results thus obtained.

In the following example we have identified the CPC scheme for shape (contour and architect are its synonyms used).

Look for the relevant results from the list obtained. If no relevant search reults are obtained repeat the step using other keywords & their synonyms identified in the previous step.

 

3). In the Third step verify the Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC) identified in the previous step by reviewing the definitions. CPCs are hyperlinked to a CPC classification definition. Definitions are helpful in establishing you have determined the most relevant classification.

4). Retrieve and Review all the patent applications assigned to the most relevant CPC classification. Focus on the abstract and representative drawings on the front page of the patent applications and narrow down the most relevant patent applications.

5). Conduct In-depth review of patents selected based on their front page information for similarity to your own invention paying close attention to the claims, additional drawings and specifications. References cited in the previously identified Patents may lead you to additional relevant patents.

6). Retrieve and Review in depth all the published patent applications under the Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC) previously identified for similarity to the invention paying close attention to claims, drawings and specifications of the patent.

7.   After completion of the preliminary search you may broaden your search based upon available time and resources. You may broaden your search by identifying International Patent Classification (IPCs)U.S. Patent Classification (USPC). Rerun your search using Espacenet, IPIndia and WIPO. Since inventions can be publicly disclosed in a variety of non-patent literature and electronic publications, you can choose to search books, journals, websites, technical catalogs and conference proceedings as well.

You may choose to hire a registered patent attorney or patent agent to review your search and conduct a follow-up search of his/her own.For further information on patents and patent filling in India connect with our highly skilled and experienced patent lawyers and IP strategists.

Go-to patent consultant for all time zones, be it new product launch in Asia, IP landscape across EU, freedom-to-operate analysis in Japan or patent invalidation for litigation in US.

Every business has a #strategy. WE facilitate the process of identifying Key issues and help amplify business goals of any business (short term goals and long term goals). Everything is simple we tend to complicate and use heavy words to prove our point. WE believe in BASICs.

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Patents | Intellectual Property India

Replying to office actions is like writing on stone. Statements once made can't be retracted. A short sighted response aiming merely to overcome the objection
Indian Patent Attorney, International Patent Treaty, Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT), Patent Filing India, Patent Innovative Ideas, patent research service, PATENT STRATEGY, patent validity

Filing Response to Office Action for a Patent Application

 

Processing of a patent application is a multi-step process. After the patent application has been documented and filed, the Patent examiners examine the Patent application. For this, a request for examination must be recorded in the prescribed manner with the Indian patent office.

A request for examination of Patent application is filed within six months from the date of publication of Patent application.

(For fees related to request of examination of application of patent refer- http://www.ipindia.nic.in/writereaddata/Portal/IPOFormUpload/1_11_1/Fees.pdf)

No application for a patent shall be examined unless the applicant or a patent attorney makes a request in the prescribed manner for such examination within the prescribed period.

When a request for examination of a patent application has been made by an applicant or a patent attorney, the application and specification and other documents related thereto shall be referred at the earliest by the Controller to an examiner for making a report.

The Examiner at the patent office checks for its qualification and formal clothing according to the law of every locale. After which a preparatory judgment is passed which is called “FER or First Examination Report” which might be looking for any sort of correction or alteration, or specifically giving out dismissals if the application esteems to be not fit and qualified.

An examination report is issued by the Indian patent office. The examination report is likewise called as first examination report (FER). The examination report contains a rundown of complaints raised by an inspector of the Indian patent office. The complaints are both specialized and formal.

The candidate needs to record a response to the examination report within a year of issuance of the principal examination report.

An application for a patent shall be deemed to have been abandoned, if the applicant is unable to compile with all the requirements imposed on him by the patent examiner.

After which the patent lawyer or operators might set up a response containing contentions, clarifications that might be opposite or obliging the analyst’s needs according to the cases required which is additionally called “Office Action Response”.

If necessary, the inspector of the Indian Patent office frequently calls a candidate or his approved operator for hearing of the case. Once the inspector is happy with the response documented and the sum total of what conventions have been agreed by a candidate, the application is placed arranged by giving. In the event that the inspector is not happy with the response documented and need to meet a candidate or his approved specialist (if an operator is named) to clear up specific issues, he may call a candidate/operator for a hearing.

At long last, after various office actions and replies, the analyst will go to a judgment over the patent application. Same occasions occur amid pre and post allow restriction of a patent yet the office actions are directed by 3 substances, the candidate, the inspector and the resistance filing party.

RESPONSE TO OFFICE ACTION IN RESPECT OF INDIAN PATENT OFFICE

As per “The Patent Rules, 2003 as amended by Patent (Amendment) Rules, 2016” and opportunity to put the application altogether for allowing under “Section 21” has been lessened from a year to a half year.

The ideal opportunity for putting an application all together to allow under Section 21 of Patents Act, 1970 in situations where the principal proclamation of protests has been issued by the Office on or after 16 May 2016, might be a half year (six months) from the date on which the said first explanation of complaints is issued to the candidate to follow every one of the necessities forced under the Act and Rules made there under as per Rule 24B (5) of the Patents (Amendment) Rules, 2016.

The ideal opportunity for putting an application all together for allow under section 21 as recommended under sub-rule (5) might be additionally stretched out for a time of three months on a demand in Form-4 for expansion of time alongside endorsed charge, made to the Controller before the expiry of the period determined under sub-rule (5).

Response to the objections: General Principles The response to the examination report must be complete. The response must demonstrate that the objections raised by the analyst are not legitimate. Besides, the response must contain sufficient and successful contentions with regards to the patentability of the invention

FILING RESPONSE TO OFFICE ACTION WITH RESPECT TO USPTO

In the United States, an Office action is a report composed by an analyst in a patent examination system and sent to the patent applicant. The expression is used in numerous jurisdictions. As a rule, the candidate must respond to an Office action within 6 months from the date the Office action is issued or the USPTO will desert the application, the application charge won’t be discounted, and stamp won’t register.

Types of office action:

·NON-FINAL OFFICE ACTION: Non-Final Office Actions are always the first office actions issued for a patent application. In non-final office actions, the patent examiner states his conclusion on the patentability of the claims. After a survey of the non-final office action, the application has the choice of no less than one of the accompanying.       

Contending the examiner is mistaken, and

Revising the claims to beat the inspector’s rejections. While responding to the Non-Final Office Action, the patent attorney should state in the response that the response to the office is “An Amendment/Reply to an Office Action under 37 CFR 1.111.

FINAL OFFICE ACTION: Final Office actions are commonly second office actions that are sent by the examiner in the wake of checking on the candidate’s response to the first non-final office action. The Final Office Action may incorporate:

 The same rejections as the first non-final office action or

New rejections- When responding to final office actions, the candidate has managed the same opportunities as responding to a non-final office action, with the exception of government fees must be paid if the candidate is revising the claims. On the off chance that the candidate is not revising the claims, the patent attorney should state in the response to the Final Office Action that the response to the office action is “A Reply to an Office Action under 37 CFR 1.116.”

Further

 When a final office action is issued a survey of the claims on the merits of the claims is “closed.” Therefore, to correct the claims after a non-final office action a Request for Continued Examination (RCE) is required.

Essentially, a Request for Continued Examination reopens prosecution, enabling the patent attorney to change the claims. On the off chance that the patent attorney’s amendments and arguments defeat the present rejections when filing an amendment with an RCE (amendment under 37 CFR 1.114) the following office action issued will be a non-final office action or a notice of recompense.

Be that as it may, if the amendments and arguments are not persuasive, the following office action issued will be a final office action. Because of the extra fees to alter the claims, when filing an amendment under 37 CFR 1.114 it is urgent to have a meeting with the examiner to discuss the merits of amendments.

Inventors and start-ups should understand that an average patent prosecution process includes no less than 1-2 Requests for Continued Examinations are required.

There are fees associated with filing data disclosure statements. Data disclosure statements are letters from the candidate to the patent office stating that the candidate has discovered new references that may influence the patentability of their development.

Applicants can bid an Examiner’s decision if the claims have been dismissed twice. Accordingly, if the claims were not corrected inside a response to a non-final office action, the claims are opportune to be bid. In spite of the fact that I don’t suggest filing an interest after a first final office action has been issued for start-ups, for real corporations this a strategy that they can take. Amid bid (takes 2-3 years) or Pre-Appeal Conference Request (6 months – 1 year), a board will audit the claims, referred to craftsmanship, and analyst’s rejections to decide whether the inspector’s rejections have justified.

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