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India: To Apply Or Not To Apply for a Patent of Addition?

The scope of improvement is infinite, precisely because perfection is unattainable”.

Often, after filing a patent for an invention, additional modifications and improvement of the invention surface. The improvements or modifications may take place as a result of further experimentation to improve the invention, or as a result of feedback received from the industry.  

In such a scenario, where the invention is already protected by a patent, the improvement or modification over the original patented product or process may be protected by a “Patent of Addition” in India.

“Patent of Addition” falls under Sections 54, 55 and 56 of the Patents Act, 1970. A patent of addition facilitates the addition of new subject matter in the form of modifications and improvements to an existing disclosure of the parent application, while retaining the priority date for claims based on the original disclosure by the patentee.

Filing a new patent application is another option, but the priority date of the new patent will be different from that of the previously filed application (or parent application). The claims of the patent of addition inherit the priority date of the parent application. As a result, claims in the patent of addition can have a priority date that is before the filing of the patent of addition.

However, the applicant must be the same for the parent patent application and the patent of addition. If the improvement or modification involves an additional applicant, a patent of addition may not be pursued.

A patent of addition effectively enables an applicant to make incremental improvements and add embodiments that might not justify their own patent applications without needing to file parallel applications. More specifically, the applicant need not pay a renewal fee for a patent of addition, thereby saving costs.

A patent of addition is a suitable and attractive option for applicants to add additional features onto previously filed patent applications, it may not always be the right tool for the job, it has its own disadvantages.

In contrast to the perception that the patent of addition inherits the priority date of a parent application, certain claims may have their own priority dates. Only the claims fully supported by the disclosure of the parent patent application are entitled to the priority date of the parent patent application.

A term of a patent is 20 years from the date of filing of patent application and the term of patent of addition is limited to its parent application’s term. For example, a patent of addition filed in 2017 that claims priority to a parent application filed in 2013 will expire in 2033, as opposed to 2037 if a new patent application was filed instead of patent of addition application. This reduced patent tenure might result in loss of significant revenue from products or methods that pertains to the new patent claims supported by the patent of addition.

Further, introduction of new claims in the patent of addition may leave the door open for an opponent to assert the invalidity of parent application if the disclosure in the parent application do not justify the additional claims. In situations where support for the new subject matter of the patent of addition is not clearly set out in the parent application, it may be advantageous to file a separate application to utilise the distinctiveness of the new claims, and to obtain the benefit of a full patent term.

Accordingly, a patent applicant must look at all the pros and cons before making a decision to apply for  a patent of addition.

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Patent Searching RESEARCH by Genius Geeks

Patent Search: Determine how prior art is similar or different?

can you copyright an idea or concept how to patent a business idea in india how to pitch an idea to a company and get paid

Patent filing requires “money”. Patents have filing fees, professional fees and maintenance fees over the life of the patent and a large amount of money is required for the defence of the patent. A Patent search is carried out inorder to ascertain that the patent generates enough financial gains to justify the cost associated with its filing and the time and expense of moving forward with a patent application is a worthwhile.

For inventors, searching prior-art in the form of patents filed and granted should be the first step in the patent application process. Patent search gives an opportunity to discover which aspects of your invention can be claimed and high quality patent searches can help inventors anticipate about the scope of any patent claim. Without a patent search an inventor will describe the various  aspects of an invention as if they are equally important which won’t be the case.  

A patent is lot more than just a document. Careful assessment of patents found in the search report is tedious but the inventors who really take the time to read the key patents found in the search know its importance in contributing to the decision about whether to move forward with the patent application and then ultimately to meaningfully contribute to the preparation of a patent application.

Unfortunately, a lot of inventors only give a hasty and not thorough review of the patents found, thereby missing a great opportunity to use the prior art found to figure out what is most likely unique and patentable. Inventors perhaps look at the titles, the pictures, maybe read the Abstract and get overwhelmed.

For this reason inventors frequently choose to hire a patent professional or patent attorney for carrying out patent search. The inventor has the detailed knowledge of the invention, and is in the best position to identify the similarity and differences of the invention with respect to the prior art and the patent professional is in the best position to determine whether those differences will likely contribute to patentability through a collaborative approach.

A detailed compiled disclosure of the invention forms the foundation of a strong patent application. Determining how the prior art is similar and how it is different is essential to being able to gather great detail of information that can be put together while writing a patent application and invariably leads to a far more detailed written description of the invention.

Many a times inventors carry out a patent search themselves before filing a patent application and during the patent examination an exact invention already patented is found. But this is why you do the search!!!!

Thus, It is better to spend a modest amount of money on patent search before filing a patent application to learn about the prior patents instead of spending a lot of money on patent application only to learn later that no patent could be obtained.

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International Patent Research Workshop for Intrigued Genius Minds

International Patent Research Workshop for Intrigued Genius Minds

Take your intelligence to next level. Welcome to the world of understanding innovations happening in cutting edge technologies across the globe. Learn more about current technology trends that will shape up economic disruptions across the globe. Learn more about innovations happening in the field of Artificial Intelligence, Cognitive Computing, understand use of chatbots, virtual agents, virtual assistants, wearables – augmented and virtual reality, IoT, Blockchain and other state of the art technology.

Albert Einstein, Thomas Alva Edison and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart all were genius people in their lifetime.

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Now what set these people apart from the rest and made them achieve what they did?

It’s pretty simple really: they all simplified the existence of existing laws and the way of seeing life in different way.

 

Every human is eligible to attain that height of being genius. CHOICE is YOUR whether to BELIEVE in YOUR IDEAS and #makeithappen

Imperfection is beauty, madness is genius and it’s better to be absolutely ridiculous than absolutely boring. – Marilyn Monroe

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International Patent Research Workshop 

Venue: Aerocity, New Delhi

 

 

Demystifying Patent Research Basics

The patent research workshop will cover holistic view of the legal viewpoint

As to how to perform patentability search?

How to perform state of the art searches?

How to perform validity patent searches?

How to perform Infringement searches and freedom to operate searches?

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As a company it is important to understand the type of research which needs to be performed to identify the OPPORTUNITIES to create your own niche in the competitive market. For example, patentability search can be performed if any person or any innovator of a company has an idea or is doing a research.

WHEN to perform patentability search before filing a patent or after filing provisional patent application?

The company would like to know What is the SWOT analysis or in simple terms, identifying what are the different innovations or research which has already happened across the globe.

As a business owner knowing what happens in 2-3 years from now is a strategic move

When to protect intellectual property?

It’s very tough question to answer and it is not very easy to protect every creation of mind. Yes, there are some ways in which you can actually add some pointers and then file a patent application. Ideas are creation of mind and it might happen at one point of time the same idea is bouncing in multiple minds at neutron level across the globe.

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First very important factor for an innovation to be PATENT WORTHY is that an idea should be new. New means that idea should be new concept all over the world not only in India. So the idea actually qualify for even being patent worthy is performing patentability research. Many patent databases are very helpful to perform the patentability. One example is WIPO which stands for world intellectual property organisation.

The WIPO database is worldwide patent database. Other important databases are espacenet, and USPTO.

Many times we get patent queries regarding what kind of patent databases are you using for performing your any kind of patentability or any kind of patent research?

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Our BELIEVE is SIMPLE we use our intellect and use non paid patent tools.

Obviously, when you are using a paid database it is expensive. However, you are not using your intellect as a patent attorney or as a patent researcher to come up with ways and means to do your research in a manner which suffice the purpose of that particular invention or idea so that is very very important.

Over the years we have been able to find out better results by defining the kind of scope of work which we plan when we get a patent research query.

There is no STEP WISE MANTRA that would be applicable in all the patent searches. What is important is to analyse CRUX of the invention or the innovative features of the invention use your intellect as a patent researcher, and make the key strings.

What kind of strings will work better and if you have less time how to go about doing state of the art searches?

State of art search is basically talks about what kind of innovation already has happened in a particular sector. For example it can be a solar sector where by solar energy is being used to light up the lamp or it can be a LED sector where the technology relates to packaging of the LED to reduce the heat sink capacity.

However, what is important to understand what kind of approach or parameters are you going to take into considerations as a patent researcher.

KEY LEARNINGS FROM THE WORKSHOP

We will be discussing a lot on different kind of technologies. It is exciting to know that YOU don’t have to be an expert in a particular technology to do a patent research. Obviously, if you are a scientist or Phd in particular area it will take less time to understand the technology but at the same time as a patent researcher or as a patent attorney one should understand your job is to identify the innovative features.

Imbibing the acumen of a researcher and techno legal domain will is helpful when you are responding to office section response. The office action response is issued by the patent examiner and the patent examiner performs the search on a particular invention and will come up with objections so as a patent expert or patent attorney you need to respond to those objections. How to respond to office action response will be part of different workshop which we would be doing in the coming months.

How different kind of strategies can be applied as there is no one strategy which will be applicable to all patent searches but of course that key take away from the workshop would be that you would be able to understand what are the parameters you should actually look when you are doing the research.

Multinationals are coming in India so there is lot of job opportunities which are going to be there in near future and if you are already in the league of understanding how to perform patent research and can STRATEGISE a BUSINESS PLAN for the startup you get yourself a high package job.

You will be in a position to help the companies with their day to day activities whereby a lot of research is being performed by the scientists and many a times they have no clue whatsoever.

What kind of research is of prime importance?

What kind of research should be finished first?

What kind of research is being done by competitors?

For any questions we are reachable at legal@lawtcis.com or fill in the form https://goo.gl/forms/O9nHbSGDQo8P85WZ2

Patent protection strategies - NCBI - NIH
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Patenting dietary supplements & pharmaceutical compounds

India has a long tradition of medicine and has many things to offer to the world. Dietary supplements & pharmaceutical compounds can be patented if the formulation is novel in the market.

Most of us know that good nutrition and a balanced diet are important for good health. In the current scenario, the demand for dietary supplements for adults as well as children is constantly increasing. To meet the demands many new products are being researched and introduced to the consumer market. Various dietary supplements are sold in different combinations to provide specific effect in the human body. For example, a combination of dietary supplements includes ingredients to provide strength to the body, desired weight and some provide stress relief. So for an industry overflowing with new products, new formulations and new ideas, protecting the intellectual property is essential to business success.

Currently, over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription drugs play a vital role in health care system. 

Patent protection strategies - NCBI - NIH
Patenting of Pharmaceuticals: An Indian Perspective

While both are regulated by Food and Drug Administration, over-the-counter (OTC) drug products are available to consumers without a prescription. There are more than 80 therapeutic categories of over-the-counter (OTC) drugs, ranging from acne drug products to weight control products, and over 100,000 over-the-counter (OTC) drugs are currently being sold in India.

Thus, over-the-counter (OTCs) are critical to country’s health care system because they provide easy access to certain drugs that can be used safely without the help of a healthcare practitioner.

Why intake of dietary supplements & pharmaceutical compounds necessary for human body?

The medical and health management of certain anemias can be handled rather well by increasing the daily intake of iron in diets. In other cases, heavy physical exercise may require the intake of considerable quantities of minerals apart from those generally obtained through what otherwise would be considered a balanced diet.

Recent Patents of Dietary Supplements and Pharmaceutical Compounds:-

US 20170266225

Date of Publication- 21st Sept 2017

Title- NATURAL COMPOSITIONS CONTAINING EGGSHELL CALCIUM, ORGANIC HONEY AND LEMON

The present invention discloses compositions and edible orally delivered products, such as candies, beverages, nutritional bars and dietary supplements that increase bone growth and treat age-related bone loss in humans. The major component of the invention is biological calcium which is derived from natural eggshell powder. The compositions also include organic honey and lemon.

US 20170280749 A1

Date of Publication- 5th Oct 2017

Title- ANTIHISTAMINES COMBINED WITH DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS FOR IMPROVED HEALTH

The present invention provides combinations comprising a sedating antihistamine and selected indole-based natural products such as L-tryptophan, 5-hydroxytryptophan and melatonin, along with pharmaceutically acceptable calcium and magnesium salts and selected B vitamins. These combinations are useful in providing a medicament for improving sleep in mammals, especially humans.

US 20170151274 A1

Date of Publication- 1st June 2017

Title-  COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR ENHANCING IMMUNITY

The present disclosure relates generally to immunostimulatory compositions, and more specifically to immunostimulatory compositions containing a β-glucan preparation, a ginseng extract, and a mushroom extract.

US 20170202806 A1

Date of Publication- 20th July 2017

Title- COMBINATION DRUG THERAPIES FOR CANCER AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING THEM

In alternative embodiments, provided are therapeutic combinations, pharmaceutical compositions, formulations, kits and devices for treating, preventing or ameliorating a tumor or a cancer, and methods and uses for treating, preventing or ameliorating a tumor or a cancer. In alternative embodiments, provided are therapeutic combinations, pharmaceutical compositions, formulations, kits and devices comprising: a beta adrenergic receptor antagonist (a “beta blocker”) such as propranolol; a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (a NSAID) such as etodolac; and, a sorafenib or NEXAVAR™ or equivalent thereof. In alternative embodiments, the therapeutic combinations further comprise an anti-cancer or anti-tumor antibody, a cytokine, and/or an additional chemotherapeutic agent. In alternative embodiments, the methods, uses, therapeutic combinations, pharmaceutical compositions, formulations, kits and devices are used for treating, preventing or ameliorating a hepatocarcinoma or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), an adenocarcinoma, a metastatic adenocarcinoma of the liver, or an advanced hepatocellular carcinoma.

US 20170056339 A1

Date of Publication- 2nd March 2017

Title- FORMULATION OF FAT-SOLUBLE VITAMIN

The invention relates to a composition comprising A) microcapsules comprising at least one fat-soluble active substance selected from a vitamin K compound or a provitamin or a prodrug of a vitamin K compound embedded in a matrix comprising a hydrocolloid and optionally one or more other matrix components, and B) at least one dietary mineral; as well as uses and products comprising such compositions.

US 20170068777 A1

Date of Publication- 9th March 2017

Title- METHODS OF IDENTIFYING AND FORMULATING FOOD COMPOUNDS THAT MODULATE PHENOTYPE-RELATED TARGETS

This invention relates generally to (but is not limited to) identifying food compounds that have an impact on a phenotype of interest in a subject, and more particularly to identifying a phenotype-related target, identifying a stimulus (e.g., a pharmaceutical agent) that modulates that target, and identifying food compounds exhibiting similarity to the agent (e.g., having a chemical structure that is similar to the agent’s structure). The similarity can be determined, for example, by a computer-interfaced comparison between a drug database and a food database.

US 20160213629 A1

Date of Publication- 28th July 2016

Title- METHOD FOR ENHANCING ENERGY PRODUCTION AND METABOLISM IN CELLS

The present invention relates to use of a composition comprising D-glyceric acid (DGA), DL-glyceric acid, L-glyceric acid, or hydroxypyruvatic acid and/or their salts or esters. Further, the invention relates to the use of said composition for enhancing direct and indirect mitochondrial metabolism, e.g. the ATP producing electron transport system (ETS), citric acid cycle or tricarboxylic acid cycle, (TCA), and beta oxidation, and also enhancing the shuttling of reducing equivalents from mitochondrial matrix into the cytosol and protein synthesis in the endoplasmic reticulum. Directly related to the above the use of DGA relates also to reducing the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Alleviating, preventing and even healing effects towards extremely wide range of non-communicable diseases materializes.

United States Patent 9704096 B2

Date of Publication- 11th July 2017

Title- METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MAKING CUSTOMIZED FORMULATIONS FOR INDIVIDUALS

The one or more embodiments disclosed herein provide a method for automatically assembling multiple components into a single edible custom composition, in which each compound is individually customized to proportions formulated from a profile of an individual or group. The single custom mixture can contain a plurality of compounds including foods or flavors, nutritional additives, herbals, biologics, or pharmacologically active substances. Using the method and a related algorithm, the formulation of a custom mixture is suggested.

Therefore, when protecting intellectual property by way of filing patents which is a part of a corporate strategy, the patent law can protect valuable research such as product formulations. The protected and patenting pending technologies will provide competitive advantage over any third party in the form of product formulation patents. Discuss your patenting legal issues with our team of experienced patent attorneys and patent agents.

How much does it cost to get a patent pending?
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Difference between Patent pending and Patent granted

Difference between Patent pending and Patent granted

Patent-pending sounds great, doesn’t it? But it does differ from a regular patent. Not every patent application results in a granted patent.

7 answers Is it possible to file a patent for a business idea in India

“Patent pending” (sometimes abbreviated by “pat. pend.” or “pat. pending”) or “patent applied for” are legal designations or expressions that simply means that you have applied for, but have not yet been granted, a patent.  

The words “patent pending” carry no formal legal significance but it communicates that you are “pursuing a patent” and have filed a provisional patent or a patent application. The patent applicants usually mark their articles with such words after filing an application because Patent-pending status protects your innovation while you are working through the patent process by keeping competitors from scooping your idea and marketing it as their own.

A strong patent portfolio help in fuelling investments for emerging tech companies. Investors often look to see whether a budding company has protected its intellectual property when determining whether to invest or not. It is more likely that you will be taken seriously if you come to the table with excellent technical knowledge and a patent-pending for your idea that’s been well-researched and profits projected, even if you don’t have all the connections with the big players. Holding a patent pending status also allows you to begin marketing for your product even before the patent is granted providing some control over the use of your product while warning others against attempting to file patents for substantially similar products.

However, the use of patent pending status by the patent applicant does not prohibit the third party to plead as innocent unless the patent number is indicated as the infringement action can be initiated only after the patent is granted.

Patent-pending status is temporary and only offers protection for a brief period of time, with protections similar to a regular patent. “Patent pending” (sometimes abbreviated by “pat. pend.” or “pat. pending”) or “patent applied for” are legal designations or expressions that can be used in relation to a product or process once a patent application for the product or process has been filed, but prior to the patent being issued or the application abandoned.

Not every patent application results in a granted patent. A patent can be licensed only after it is granted. Licensing a patent simply means that the patent owner grants permission to another individual/organization to make, use, sell etc. his/her patented invention according to agreed terms and conditions.

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India: Divide And Patent. How to file a Divisional Patent in India?

India: Divide And Patent

How to file a Divisional Patent in India?

The basis of filing a divisional patent application is the existence of a plurality of inventive concepts in the parent patent application.

If in one parent patent application, the patent claims do not relate to a single invention and discloses two or more inventions, the patent law provides the inventor with the opportunity to protect multiple inventions disclosed in one patent to file a further patent application as a divisional patent application.

Applicable Indian Patent Law in context of Filing Divisional Patent Application Filing before Indian Patent Office:

Under Section 16, of the Indian Patent Act,1970 the Patent Controller has the power to make orders in respect of division of parent /main patent application which relates to a plurality of inventions. Section 16 (1) states that:

“A person who has made an application for a patent under this Act may, at any time before the grant of the patent, if he so desires, or with a view to remedy the objection raised by the Controller on the ground that the claims of the complete specification relate to more than one invention, file a further application in respect of an invention disclosed in the provisional or complete specification already filed in respect of the first mentioned application”.

Thus, in order to comply with the Controller’s objection on the ground that the patent claims of the complete patent specification relate to more than one invention, the patent applicant can file for a further patent application in respect of an invention disclosed in the provisional or complete specification already filed at any time before the grant of the patent.

However, the divisional patent application filed should not contain any new matter which was not part of the first patent application filed before the Indian Patent Office.

The divisional patent application claims the priority date of the parent patent application, contains generally the same specification as the parent patent application but has a different set of claims.

The divisional patent application shall be processed and examined when the request for examination is filed within the prescribed period.

The Divisional Patent Application is treated as a substantive Patent application with a separate application number. A divisional application shall be examined vis-à-vis the first mentioned parent patent application so as to avoid patent claim overlap resulting in double patenting.

A divisional patent application is treated as a substantial patent application in the following ways:

a) Patent fee(s) is required to be paid;

b) Separate request for examination requires to be made;

c) Patent will be prosecuted separately;

d) Treated as an independent patent

Our Indian law firm provides intellectual property law support services to domestic and foreign clients. We offer cost-effective IP consulting services in all areas of intellectual property law ( patents, trademarks, utility model or design) in India. The law firm works 365/24/7 and offers customized full services to wide array of clients from fortune 500 companies to mid size foreign intellectual property law firms. Over the years, we take pride in creating value for the customer.

Intellectual property rights for Startups in India | Different types of Intellectual Property Rights from Startup Business Innovation| Madrid Brand Trademark Law firm in India from Prity Khastgir Indian IoT Patent Trademark Attorney 

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How to Copyright Website and Mobile Applications in India

What is Copyright?

Copyright, is an exclusive and assignable legal right, given to the originator for a fixed number of years, to print, publish, perform, film, or record literary, artistic , or musical material. Actually copyright is a legal right created by the law of a country that grants the creator of original work and given exclusive rights of its use and distribution, fora limited period of time

Copyright is a form of intellectual property, copyright are considered territorial rights,which means that they don’t extend beyond the territory of a specific jurisdiction.

It is a right which a person take for the protection of his business name which any other person didn’t take for the operation of business, as different person can do same business but the condition in copyright is that name shouldn’t be the same, as if it was, then the person who take the name of other person business for the operation of his business then it will be a offence and was punishable.

And now a days not only business like big brands, big restaurants, telecommunications etc, but websites are also involved in copyright act like Wikipedia, encyclopedia, yahoo.com, gmail.com, etc. they also make themselves register under copyright act for the exclusive rights through which websites make their names copyright and no other can take their names for the profitability, and now mobile applications are also there to register under the copyright act for the exclusive rights for the more profitability.

How to copyright ?

Following are steps of copyrighting;

Step 1: Filing the Application

Along with the requisite fee, an application needs to be submitted either in DD/IPO. Once this application is filed, a diary number is generated and issued to the applicant.

Step 2: Examination

There is a minimum wait of 30 days for recording and analysing any objections that may come up against the copyright application

a. In case of no Objection:

The application goes ahead for scrutinization by an examiner. This scrutiny gives rise to two options:

1. In case of discrepancy found during scrutiny:

A letter of discrepancy is sent to the applicant letter is generated and sent to the applicant.

Based on the reply from the applicant, the registrar conducts a hearing of the alleged discrepancy row.

Once the discrepancies are sorted during the hearing, the extracts of the same are sent to the applicant for him/her to register the copyright.

2. In case of zero discrepancy:

This would mean that the copyright application fulfil all criterion required for the copyright. The applicant is then given the nod to go ahead with the registration of the same.

(If the registration is not approved, then the applicant received a letter of rejection)

b. In case of an objection filed:

While we listed above the scenarios of ‘no objections’, in case one is faced with an objection, the following proceedings take place:

Authorities send out letters to the two concerned parties, trying to convince them to take back the objection. After requisite replies from the third party, the registrar conducts a hearing.

Depending on whether the registrar accepts the reply, the procedure takes shape

1. If the application is accepted:

The application being accepted means that the objection has been rejected. The application goes ahead for scrutinization by an examiner. This scrutiny gives rise to two options:

2. In case of discrepancy found during scrutiny:

A letter of discrepancy is sent to the applicant letter is generated and sent to the applicant.

Based on the reply from the applicant, the registrar conducts a hearing of the alleged discrepancy row.

Once the discrepancies are sorted during the hearing, the extracts of the same are sent to the applicant for him/her to register the copyright.

c. In case of zero discrepancy:

This would mean that the copyright application fulfils all criterion required for the copyright. The applicant is then given the nod to go ahead with the registration of the same. (If the registration is not approved, then the applicant received a letter of rejection)

d. If application is rejected:

In case this happens, then the applicant receives a rejection letter that marks the end of the copyright procedure.

Step 3: Registration

As can be seen from the aforementioned steps, the registration solely depends on the registrar. Once everything is cleared from the registrar’s end, the applicant received the copyright and can legally exercise all rights that come with the owner of that copyright.